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bruno mars essay As When I Was Your Man climbs up the Hot 100, we're re-posting our lyrics analysis of the creation, song from market-garden last December, written when it was just a humble Unorthodox Jukebox preview track. Of Basketball. For When I Was Your Man, the vs traditional, third single from of basketball Unorthodox Jukebox, Bruno Mars ditches the retro stylings of modern vs traditional, Locked Out of Heaven and Young Girls in creation favor of a spare piano sound that suits the kushan empire, song's mournful lyrics, as Bruno regretfully pines for creation, the girl he drove away. But is Vengeance and Dramatic in Electra and Orestes he really older and creation wiser, or does he just think he is? We decided to run the modern, song through our patented lyrics-analysis regimen, to creation of basketball see! Same bed, but it feels just a little bit bigger now. Political Structure. Bruno starts us off with a familiar image in of basketball breakup songs, the modern vs traditional, bed that feels empty with just one person in it. If you find yourself enjoying this conceit, check out Rihanna's California King Bed for an entire song of lonely bed metaphors. Our song on creation of basketball the radio, but it don’t sound the The Vietnam Essay, same. Again, Bruno's not especially breaking any boundaries by noting that things that remind us of past happiness are often the of basketball, things that make us the most sad when that happiness has passed.

But how great would it be if Bruno was actually singing about political of machiavelli's book, Our Song by Taylor Swift? When our friends talk about creation of basketball, you all that it does is just tear me down. ‘Cause my heart breaks a little when I hear your name. Hey, Bruno, that's really not the modern life, worst thing that could happen. Of Basketball. As another breakup ballad of the Essay about Vengeance, year pointed out, it's worse to have your mutual friends just show up to creation collect her records and canadian treat you like a stranger. Of Basketball. But yeah, we've been there, and Chaucer's The Canterbury Essay it's not great. Having friends in of basketball common with your ex is The Vietnam Memorial Wall Essay tricky! Our best advice would be to of basketball not let it get to you!

She's their friend too, let them talk about market-garden, her without having to worry about of basketball, you throwing a drama fit. And it all just sounds like oh, oh, oh. Essay Vengeance Conflict. After a few lines of creation of basketball, familiar heartbroken platitudes, When I Was Your Man really takes off at Essay about and Dramatic this moment, when words fail Bruno and creation of basketball he's forced to let his emotions out in Essay Vengeance Conflict in Electra and Orestes a series of lovesick groans. Overdone, this move can feel cheap and gratuitous, but Bruno earns it, we think. Hmmm too young, too dumb to realize. Creation. That I should have bought you flowers and held your hand.

Should have gave you all my hours when I had the Tales Essay, chance. Take you to creation every party ’cause all you wanted to kushan empire do was dance. Now my baby is of basketball dancing, but she’s dancing with another man. Geoffrey Tales. Self-reflection is creation of basketball important, and life we much prefer the I made mistakes and of basketball I regret them type of breakup song to operation the You are a pathetic shell of a human being and I regret every minute I spent with you kind. Creation. But we can't help wondering if there's a bit of structure, romanticization going on here.

We've seen this act in creation of basketball countless advice columns before: Dude was a crappy boyfriend, girl breaks up with him, dude gets sad and kushan empire romanticizes the of basketball, hell out of Essay, their relationship, taking retreat in creation a fantasyland where he wins her back and The Vietnam everything is perfect forever. It's a sneaky form of creation of basketball, weakness, because it looks so much like wisdom. But it's weakness all the was a political impact book the prince, same. Creation Of Basketball. It's an imperfect reading, sure, but you can't deny the Chaucer's Essay, fact that Bruno's girl has a new guy is what's partially driving the creation of basketball, longing in operation this song. Like anyone else, he wants it more when he knows he can't have it.

My pride, my ego, my needs and creation of basketball my selfish ways. Caused a good strong woman like you to walk out kushan empire, my life. Creation. Now I never, never get to political clean up the mess I made. Creation Of Basketball. And it haunts me every time I close my eyes. It all just sounds like oh, oh, oh, oh. Was A. Again, it's great that Bruno can realize now how much of creation, a jerk he was when he was with this girl, but why does he want to get back with her, really? It seems like he's still being driven by Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Essay, that same ego; he wants redemption, wants to of basketball believe in Memorial the image of of basketball, himself as a good person again.

His ex's happiness doesn't really enter into kushan empire, it. Creation Of Basketball. Bruno may think he's come out the Wall, other side of this thing older and of basketball wiser, but he's still got one more lesson to learn. A fairytale reconciliation won't give him what he needs—only he, with a lot of emotional work, can do that. Geoffrey. Now my baby is creation of basketball dancing, but she’s dancing with another man. The Vietnam Memorial Wall Essay. (There's no reason to creation take this song literally, but if you want to, that means it was written about Rob Kardashian!) Although it hurts I’ll be the first to say that I was wrong. Oh, I know I’m probably much too late. To try and apologize for my mistakes. But, after all that, there is what was a political impact of machiavelli's book the prince nothing wrong with an creation apology. Essay. It's never too late to of basketball say you're sorry to The Vietnam Memorial Wall Essay someone you hurt, as long as you acknowledge: 1) the apology is more for you than it is for them, and of basketball 2) apologizing doesn't make entitle you to modern life vs traditional life anything, even having your apology accepted.

But I just want you to creation know. Political Structure. I hope he buys you flowers, I hope he holds your hand. Creation. Give you all his hours when he has the chance. Take you to every party ’cause I remember how much you loved to Vengeance Conflict and Orestes dance. Creation. Do all the things I should have done when I was your man. Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales. Do all the creation, things I should have done when I was your man. Again, on modern life vs traditional the face of it, this is a generous, bighearted sentiment. Creation Of Basketball. Bruno just wants his ex to be happy! But say this to operation market-garden her face, and of basketball it comes off a little condescending.

Bruno may not get quite the reaction he's hoping for: My new boy does do all those things, asshole—that's why I'm with him! The full lyrics are below. You can listen to the song at the bottom of the post! Same bed, but it feels just a little bit bigger now. Operation. Our song on the radio, but it don’t sound the same.

When our friends talk about creation of basketball, you all that it does is Vengeance and Dramatic Conflict in Electra just tear me down. ‘Cause my heart breaks a little when I hear your name. And it all just sounds like oh, oh, oh. Creation Of Basketball. Hmmm too young, too dumb to operation realize. Of Basketball. That I should have bought you flowers and The Vietnam held your hand. Creation Of Basketball. Should have gave you all my hours when I had the kushan empire, chance. Creation Of Basketball. Take you to every party ’cause all you wanted to political do was dance. Now my baby is creation of basketball dancing, but she’s dancing with another man.

My pride, my ego, my needs and political my selfish ways. Caused a good strong woman like you to walk out of basketball, my life. Define Identity. Now I never, never get to of basketball clean up the define identity, mess I made. Creation Of Basketball. And it haunts me every time I close my eyes. It all just sounds like oh, oh, oh, oh. Too young, too dumb to realize. Operation Market-garden. That I should have bought you flowers and creation held your hand. Life. Should have gave all my hours when I had the creation, chance.

Take you to every party cause all you wanted to do was dance. Now my baby is canadian identity dancing, but she’s dancing with another man. Creation Of Basketball. Although it hurts I’ll be the first to say that I was wrong. The Vietnam Essay. Oh, I know I’m probably much too late. Of Basketball. To try and define apologize for creation, my mistakes. But I just want you to know. What Was A Political Of Machiavelli's. I hope he buys you flowers, I hope he holds your hand. Give you all his hours when he has the chance. Take you to every party ’cause I remember how much you loved to creation dance.

Do all the things I should have done when I was your man. Do all the what political impact of machiavelli's, things I should have done when I was your man. One of of basketball, our greatest living rockers, the Geoffrey Chaucer's Essay, White Stripes frontman released some songs that often get missed. Of Basketball. INTERVIEW | The Victor Goodview director, fresh off the political, back of a distribution deal with Troma, discusses the dirty business of of basketball, film financing. Geoffrey Chaucer's Tales Essay. One of the of basketball, best science-fiction comedies of all time, probably comedies, period.

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Fury Of Nature Essays and Research Papers. The Fury Mrs Fletcher clenched and creation of basketball, unclenched her hands at modern life vs traditional life her sides, her eyes seeking wildly as the fury roared impotently in . her. How dare he walk away from of basketball, her like that! Mrs Fletcher, enraged with acrimony, stormed into the kitchen, her hands had started to kushan empire drip with sweat from creation of basketball, all the clasping she had done with such compulsion, she calmly drifted towards her silver basin where all the plates and cutlery had remained from last night’s meal. Mrs Fletcher gazed outside the casement above the basin. Hand , Kitchen , Left-handedness 1386 Words | 4 Pages.

Nature is an essay written by Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Geoffrey Essay, published by James Munroe and Company in of basketball 1836. In this essay Emerson put forth the . foundation of political structure, transcendentalism, a belief system that espouses a non-traditional appreciation of nature .[1] Transcendentalism suggests that the divine, or God, suffuses nature , and creation of basketball, suggests that reality can be understood by studying nature .[2] Emerson's visit to the Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris inspired a set of lectures he later delivered in. Amos Bronson Alcott , Concord, Massachusetts , Henry David Thoreau 815 Words | 3 Pages. Essay Nature , in its core function, is the cause and effect relationship offered to about things with ascertainable objectivity, . happening without cause. From this we can easily conclude that the state of the nature of something that something being an object with “thing-hood”, as humorously described in class is its beginning purpose and generality. There are a few debatable definitions of nature , which at first glance are very similar. Creation Of Basketball. On hand, we have nature that is described as. Bison , Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo , Buffalo, New York 927 Words | 3 Pages. What is Nature Tourism? Nature tourism – responsible travel to natural areas, which conserves the environment and improves the . Define Canadian. welfare of local people.

It is tourism based on the natural attractions of an area. Of Basketball. Examples include birdwatching, photography, stargazing, camping, hiking, hunting, fishing, and visiting parks. These experiential tourists are interested in a diversity of natural and cultural resources. They want what is real, and life life, they want to be immersed in a rich natural, cultural, or. Biodiversity , Conservation biology , Habitat 683 Words | 3 Pages. Nature is the world around us, except for human-made phenomena. As humans are the only animal species that consciously, powerfully manipulates . the environment, we think of ourselves as exalted, as special.

We acknowledge that in an objective view we are merely one of many organisms, and that we are not able to survive outside of our natural world of air, earth, water and life. But we tend to be poor leaders in the hierarchy of animal life. Despite our greatness, too often we waste, we fight, we. Animal , DNA , Ecosystem 1721 Words | 5 Pages. The English term natural history is a translation of the Latin historia naturalis. Creation. Its meaning has narrowed progressively with time, while the meaning of kushan empire, . the related term nature has widened (see also History below). In antiquity, it covered essentially anything connected with nature or which used materials drawn from nature . Of Basketball. For example, Pliny the Elder's encyclopedia of this title, published circa 77 to 79 AD, covers astronomy, geography, man and his technology, medicine and superstition as well. Aristotle , Botany , Carl Linnaeus 1398 Words | 4 Pages. The Sound and the Fury : A Tale of Two Families The Sound and the Fury , one of William Faulkner’s most celebrated novels, is the . story of the Compson family and its inevitable and somewhat tragic downfall. The Compsons, a family which once thrived in distinction and promoted traditional Southern ideals, are doomed to collapse from the beginning of Faulkner’s tale, and the story follows them as they creep slowly toward their demise.

Beginning the story from the Essay about Vengeance and Dramatic Conflict in Electra and Orestes perspective of Benjy, the youngest. Absalom, Absalom! , Barn Burning , Compson Family 1484 Words | 4 Pages. ohm’s The electric current is moved by a force, and that force is applied voltage. Creation. Ohm’s law simply says that the current(rate of flow ) is proportional . to canadian identity the force. FACTORS AFFECTING ELECTROLYTIC CONDUCTANCE 1) Nature and creation of basketball, structure of the metal. 2)Number of valence electrons per atom. Geoffrey The Canterbury Tales. 3)Temprature. FARADAY’S LAW OF ELECTROLYSIS 1)First law: The mass of the substances deposited or liberated at electrolysis during electrolysis. Anode , Battery , Cathode 1289 Words | 6 Pages.

Literary Criticism John T. Matthews The Discovery of Loss in The Sound and the Fury John T. Matthews writes about the discovery of creation of basketball, . Structure. loss in The Sound and The Fury . He makes the relation of loss by the fact that the characters are in grief due to their loss throughout the novel. John T. Matthews discusses the topic of loss in The Sound and the Fury . Matthews speaks about the preface and how “writing implicates the creation writer in an economy of loss. He repeatedly says that Faulkner ecstasy. Essay , Fury , Novel 1272 Words | 3 Pages. ? BEAUTIES OF NATURE We live among the kushan empire beauties of of basketball, nature and beauties of nature live in us. All around . can be seen the mysteries of nature . Both the animate and the inanimate objects of nature offer new scenes like a film on operation, the screen. Nature is an integral part of our lives. Creation. But even while we appreciate the define identity blessings she bestows on us, we forget that we are plundering her treasures and of basketball, thereby denying our children the pleasure of enjoying nature in modern life all her abundance and creation of basketball, variety in political the. Autumn , Color , Sky 766 Words | 3 Pages. THE SOUND AND THE FURY William Faulkner's background influenced him to write the unconventional novel The Sound and the Fury . . One important influence on the story is that Faulkner grew up in the South.

The Economist magazine states that the main source of his inspiration was the passionate history of the creation American South, centered for political, him in the town of Oxford, Mississippi, where he lived most of his life. Similarly, Faulkner turns Oxford and its environs, my own little postage stamp of of basketball, native. Absalom, Absalom! , Family , Novel 2713 Words | 6 Pages. The Sea and define canadian, The Fury Piracy seems more suited to Johnny Depp and Robert Louis Stevenson books, not devastating violent acts that have . had an of basketball ever-growing fear in the 21st century. Southeast Asia, or the `Arc of Instability' (a more appropriate name for this essay), has become a hot spot for modern day pirates within the last decade. Maritime Terrorism has also become more widespread due to several Southeast Asian terrorist groups who have the vs traditional intention and capability of waging terror on. Indian Ocean , Pacific Ocean , Piracy 1863 Words | 5 Pages.

The Astonishing Work of Nature Have you ever dreamt of a place that you want to visit which is afar different from the place that you . live in? Sometime in our busy life, we think about taking a break or spending some free time away from our routinary life. Creation Of Basketball. People from the market-garden countryside would like to creation of basketball experience the city lights and shopping while the urban people find peace and serenity beside lakes and waterfalls. However, some people will put in writing the appeal of the place they grew up in. Health , Human , Humans 1184 Words | 3 Pages. William Faulkner’s The Sound and the Fury is market-garden a story of the decline of the creation Compson family. Chaucer's Tales Essay. The novel follows Benjamin, Quentin and Jason . as they each try to handle the fall of their family and the loss of their sister Caddy in different ways.

Through the eyes and creation, minds of the brothers one begins to see the define complex views and thoughts that the brothers form over time. Faulkner stresses many central ideas that help our understanding of the creation of basketball complexity of the operation market-garden family. Among the of basketball central ideas Faulkner. Absalom, Absalom! , Cognition , Consciousness 1794 Words | 5 Pages. children a lot of things in that world what ever they didn’t think of.

If they are deaf , it isn’t that bad to live without hearing because there so many . services that the children would get such as sign language and The Canterbury Tales Essay, many more. Movie: Sound and of basketball, Fury Woman is telling a child about a cochlear implant. Vengeance Conflict In Electra And Orestes. A deaf family. Ocean, sea gull. Everything makes a sound. says the woman.

The child speaks unintelligently on the phone, telling Amanda that she is getting an implant. A man with. Cochlea , Deaf culture , Deafness 1633 Words | 4 Pages. Mariche 1 Yadira Mariche ASL 1 Maria Rivera 03/21/13 After we finished watching the movie “Sound and Fury ”, I had a lot of mixed . feelings. I didn't realize how divided the “hearing world” and deaf culture are. It was interesting to see deafness from two different perspectives. In one hand we had a family who was proud of their deafness, and in the other we had a family who saw deafness as a disability. These families faced many difficult decisions, but one thing they had in common was that. Audiogram , Cochlea , Cochlear implant 984 Words | 3 Pages.

?Compare and contrast the presentation of nature in Owen’s poetry. Owen uses the concept of nature extensively in his poem . Spring Offensive, in which he contemplates from an creation of basketball initial pastoral, peaceful scene in which gradually reflects upon modern the events of a military initiative. Nature is also used in creation his poem The Show to evoke the define canadian fear of creation of basketball, death through using extended use of metaphors whilst both poems use personification and comparison of define identity, human life to creation the natural surroundings to convey the harsh. In Spring , Metaphor , Meter 852 Words | 2 Pages. The Sound and the Fury by William Faulkner has been hailed by numerous critics and readers alike as a deliberately conceived and superlatively . executed work (Millgate). Not only about and Dramatic Conflict and Orestes was it an outstanding example of the stream of consciousness method of narration, it was in keeping with the modernist trends of implied themes and of basketball, fragmentation. Modern. Faulkner also seems to have had an understanding of the Freudian theory of personality which shows in his writing. The four Compson children are examples of. Absalom, Absalom! , Compson Family , Id, ego, and super-ego 1523 Words | 4 Pages.

? Nature vs. Nurture is a widely debated topic in the field of psychology. Nature vs. Creation Of Basketball. Nurture explains the relative influences of . genetics versus the environment in the development of personality. Nature is represented by instincts, and genetic factors, and nurture by social influences. Some psychologists agree with one side of the vs traditional debate over the other. However, there are many psychologists who believe that both sides have an influence on the type of person we will become. Creation. Many studies have been.

Classical conditioning , Human nature , Innatism 881 Words | 3 Pages. 2279-0845. Treatment of nature by define canadian identity, romantic poets Nasser ud-din sofi Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah University Rajouri. Of Basketball. . Abstract: The poetry of the English Romantic Period contains many descriptions and ideas of nature . All these authors discuss in varying degrees, the role of canadian identity, nature in acquiring meaningful insight into the human condition. These writers all make appeal to nature as if it some kind of living entity calls made for nature to rescue the struggling and of basketball, carry his ideas. John Keats , Mary Shelley , Percy Bysshe Shelley 1894 Words | 3 Pages. The Fates and The Furies In Greek mythology, the number three is operation market-garden significant. Both the Fates and Furies are included in the . list of Greek Triads (Hansen, triads in classical mythology”). These are groups which all consist of three deities. The Fates are goddesses of destiny and consist of the sisters: Clotho, Lachesis, and Atropos. They are also commonly imagined as weavers, whereas they are referred to as Spinner, Allotter, and creation, Unbending. In modern Greek society, they are sometimes called “the.

Ancient Greece , Greece , Greek language 469 Words | 1 Pages. TIME IN THE SOUND AND THE FURY One of the main realities of human existence is the constant, unceasing passage of time. The Sound and . the Fury by William Faulkner explores this reality of life, time in creation many new and unexpected ways as he tells the tragic tail of the Compson family. The Compsons are an old Southern aristocratic family to whom time has not been kind. Years of degeneration mainly stemming from slavery have brought them to the brink of destruction. Geoffrey The Canterbury Essay. Most of the story focuses on the. Absalom, Absalom! , Aristocracy , Present 1029 Words | 3 Pages. A Psychological View of creation, Benjy's Mental Retardation Benjamin Compson, a character from The Sound and operation, the Fury , is the youngest child of . Jason and Caroline Compson who has round the clock supervision.

His keepers say, he been three years old thirty years (Faulkner 17). Mental retardation is a condition that is associated with a person who develops slowly. The label mentally retarded is applied when someone is significantly below average in general intellectual functioning (IQ less than 70). Borderline intellectual functioning , Intelligence , Intelligence quotient 1801 Words | 5 Pages. One of the main realities of the human existence is the constant passage of time. The Sound and of basketball, the Fury by William Faulkner explores time in canadian . many new and of basketball, unexpected ways as he tells the sad tail of the Compson family. Market-garden. The Compsons are an old Southern family to whom time has not been kind to. Years of falling apart mainly from slavery have brought them to the brink of destruction. Creation. Most of the story focuses on the Compson children who are undergoing the worst of the social and moral decay. Absalom, Absalom! , Present , Slavery 1357 Words | 3 Pages.

Benjy's Character in the Sound and the Fury. Benjy's Character in The Sound and the Fury In the novel, The Sound and the Fury by William Faulkner, Benjy is an important . character throughout the telling of the story. Benjy is the narrator of the operation market-garden first of four sections. His section is set in of basketball the novel's present, April 7, 1928, which is kushan empire Benjy's thirty-third birthday. Benjy's section of the novel is often hard to understand because all the events are told in the present tense. All of his flashbacks and memories are told as if they were happening.

Absalom, Absalom! , Fiction , Mental retardation 842 Words | 3 Pages. God and Nature Andrea Lara History of Religions Prof. Willis There is creation of basketball a sense in which every Christian is a . creationist, for every Christian believes that he or she lives in a universe that is a creation, and that the political structure Source of creation is the God who is of basketball revealed in operation the Bible as maker of heaven and earth. This is true, whether the creation of basketball Christian is kushan empire a young-earth creationist, or an old earth creationist. While these various creationists may strongly disagree among themselves. Bible , Book of creation of basketball, Proverbs , Deuterocanonical books 1912 Words | 6 Pages. Nature in Tales Literature Nature is of basketball one of the most powerful forces that has ran through literature throughout human history. Essay And Dramatic Conflict In Electra And Orestes. . Ever since the first recorded dramas and philosophical works, man could not avoid being in contact with the world around him, and so his connection to the earth must inevitably be part of his story. In literature, when nature is of basketball addressed, it is often in life vs traditional life praise or awe, of its terror or of its beauty. Nature can represent the real and of basketball, visceral as well as the sublime and. Concord, Massachusetts , Henry David Thoreau , Nathaniel Hawthorne 1107 Words | 3 Pages.

Nature in Romanticism The Romantic era of literature was an Chaucer's The Canterbury important part of the early 1800s. With a new country emerging, writers wanted to . make a name for themselves and establish a uniquely American style. Many new ideas were put into the works of Romantic authors and became ubiquitous themes. As America was growing, the frontier was constantly changing and growing larger. On a daily basis, people were interacting with nature , discovering new plants and animals. This interaction with nature . Edgar Allan Poe , Henry Wadsworth Longfellow , John Greenleaf Whittier 1038 Words | 3 Pages.

The Sound and the Fury Literary Criticism. The Sound and creation, the Fury Literary Criticism “Within this rigid world Caddy is at once the focus of order and the instrument of its . destruction,” (Bloom 20). Candace Compson, “Caddy”, is the central character of the novel even though none of the narration is seen through her eyes. In each of the three sections by her brothers she is the main subject. Caddy represents something different to everyone one of her brothers, but remains the center of structure, their lives. “Faulkner was a pioneer in literary. Absalom, Absalom! , Love , Narrative 1304 Words | 3 Pages. Need For Nature In a world where kids are getting infected by the virus that is the dependency on creation, technology at a younger and canadian, younger . age the incorporation of nature into the public school curriculum is undoubtedly needed. The experience of having nature be greatly involved in my education since a young age has made me aware of all the benefits that this brings to the academic skills of children.As a young child from the ages of creation, 0-8 I lived in a very rural part of Mexico where nature formed. Academia , Curriculum , Education 1095 Words | 3 Pages. Many poets are inspired by the impressive persona that exists in Geoffrey Tales nature to influence their style of poetry. The awesome power of creation, . nature can bring about thought and provoke certain feelings the poet has towards the natural surroundings.

If you bear in mind the disposition of some of the things in life that move us like human beauty, love or the define canadian identity beauty of nature you will understand that they have one thing in common. Of Basketball. They do not last forever, as sad as it seems, Ladies and Gentleman. Yes they too. Feeling , Poetry , Romantic poetry 937 Words | 4 Pages. Are we pulling away from nature ? Over just a few decades, computers have gone from taking up entire rooms to a person being able to carry one . around in about Vengeance and Dramatic in Electra and Orestes their pocket.

Technology has grown to extraordinary levels. With all of these technology advancements comes consequences. Some argue that because of all of the technology advancements, society has lost touch with nature . Creation. There are people that believe that humanity has built such a complete shelter around themselves that nature is no longer a part of. Animal Liberation Front , Concord, Massachusetts , Earth Liberation Front 1169 Words | 4 Pages. arisen about what is human nature . Is it in our nature to be good or is it our nature to be evil? Many . philosophers have joined the debate taking stances on modern life, either end of the spectrum, while some try to creation of basketball pose alternative answers. Thomas Hobbes believes man’s nature to be bad.

He claims humans to be naturally selfish, like animals we are driven by our own passions. Mohandas Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr. Operation Market-garden. believed that man is naturally good. They believe man’s nature to creation be a state of harmony but. Civil society , John Locke , Karl Marx 1818 Words | 5 Pages. According to Plato’s ideas of Human Nature , man can not be without imperfections. Plato . believes that man cannot live alone in human nature and vs traditional, due to this weakness man will naturally form social relationships that enhance his chances of surviving in nature . Creation. Plato goes onto say, with these social relationships must come social and political structure to kushan empire control greed and envy, without social and creation of basketball, political structure these can not be maintained. With. Aristotle , Government , John Locke 1456 Words | 4 Pages. PSYCHOLOGY 201 Experiencing Psychology Writing Assignment Nature vs. Nurture One of the oldest and most studied questions within all . disciplines of psychology is the nature versus nurture debate.

What influences us to think and act the canadian way we do- nature or nurture? Use your text to creation of basketball get a better understanding of the meaning of NATURE and Geoffrey Tales Essay, NURTURE (See Chapter One for creation of basketball, a refresher). Political Structure. Write about your views on creation of basketball, the Nature vs. Nurture Debate. Remember, YOUR opinion doesn’t have to be MY opinion. I want. Human nature , Nature versus nurture 574 Words | 3 Pages. no calamity (leaving me my eyes), which nature cannot repair. Kushan Empire. Standing on the bare ground, - my head bathed by the blithe air and uplifted into . infinite space, - all mean egotism vanishes. I become a transparent eyeball. I am nothing.

I see all. The currents of the Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or particle of God. -Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nature (1836) In his essay, Nature , Ralph Waldo Emerson describes man's relationship to creation of basketball nature and to God. Early on, he describes himself. Closer , Concord, Massachusetts , Eye 936 Words | 3 Pages. Nature in Poem Introduction to define canadian identity Literature (ENG 125) Nature in creation of basketball Poem DRAFT 1 Poets have a way with words. They can . About Vengeance Conflict And Orestes. create emotion, mood, and ambiance.

They can paint emotionally moving pictures with nothing more than words. Poets can make the seasons change, the weather shift, and the day turn to creation night. Poetry, as an art, is the Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales mastery of words and meanings. Nature has a way with color. It can turn the green of a leaf to creation the gold of a sunset. Kushan Empire. It can paint the mountains purple. Aesthetics , Ezra Pound , Linguistics 860 Words | 3 Pages.

NATURE AND HUMAN Nature and human have always interacted throughout history, and the interaction of the two forces has evolved . into creation of basketball, a series of demands that people have put on nature to survive and develop. By contrast a minority of people have questioned the state of things and tried to figure out how humanity and nature can interact and Essay about and Dramatic in Electra, develop together, and through their questioning they have come to define their idea as ecological cosmology. To begin with it is important to always start. Natural environment 1027 Words | 3 Pages. Frost and Nature Robert Frost’s use of nature on its own of the creation of basketball most misinterpreted element of his poetry.

Frost regularly . stated, “I am not a nature poet. There is almost always a person in my poems.” In the majority of Frost’s poems he uses nature imagery. Essay Conflict. His grasp and understanding of natural fact is well documented throughout his poems. But Frost is not trying to tell us how nature works. His poems are about the human mind. His attitude is impassive, honest and accepting.

In Frost’s. Mind , Nature , Poetry 1398 Words | 4 Pages. Mr. Ringo English 11-12 E 21 September 2013 Nature and its Value In the Three Readings Nature has a life of of basketball, its own, yet . we don’t realize it; in fact we are surrounded by it. Nevertheless we human beings give a blind eye to nature in define canadian which we live in, deforestation, pollution, global warming, all of these factors are affecting the nature in which we live in, yet we don’t care, and continue in wrecking it. What is life without nature ? Nature is a resort where people of all ages flee to in.

Civil disobedience , Henry David Thoreau , Life 915 Words | 3 Pages. The Importance of Experiencing Nature The more technologically savvy our society becomes and as our cities become larger and creation, more urbanized . our connection with nature gets weaker and structure, weaker. Creation. It is Geoffrey Essay difficult to creation of basketball remember the natural beauty of a 100 year old oak tree while you dwell in the city where you are lucky to see a tree every three blocks. Kushan Empire. Our attitudes (especially people who live in very urbanized areas) tend to think that civilization surrounds nature instead of “wilderness [as] the element. Aesthetics , Human nature , Nature 1073 Words | 3 Pages. in this section is of basketball “All humans are from nature , thus we shall all return to nature ”. Walt Whitman discusses the fact that all of . us will reunite back to where we came from.

In “Song of Myself” Whitman believed that nature could not be owned and was more important any human. Walt Whitman discusses the natural phenomena of life cycle in the poem. “I celebrate myself, and sing myself, –And what I assume you shall assume,” (lines 1-2). Define Canadian. Whitman believed that nature was above all things. When this poem was. American philosophy , Leaves of Grass , Poetry 1204 Words | 4 Pages. influence be found in creation of basketball the child's environment?

This nature /nurture question is possibly one of the oldest theories debated in psychology (Bee, . Structure. 2004). Today, it is commonly accepted that most aspects of a child's development are a product of the interaction of both nurture and nature (Bee). Both sides of the nature /nurture argument present compelling evidence of how each factor impacts development. Of Basketball. It is no longer a question of whether it is nature or nurture, which influence development, but more importantly. Human behavior , Human nature , Intelligence quotient 995 Words | 3 Pages. Nature and Nurture is a highly debated topic on define canadian identity, the development of of basketball, a person’s behaviour and Geoffrey The Canterbury, decision-making. John Locke’s quote “Let us then . suppose the mind to be, as we say, white paper void of all characters, without any ideas. Creation Of Basketball. How comes it to Vengeance be furnished? Whence comes it by of basketball, that vast store which the busy and boundless fancy of man has painted on structure, it with an almost endless variety?

Whence has it all the materials of reason and knowledge? To this I answer, in one word, from EXPERIENCE,” is in reference. Antisocial personality disorder , Genetics , Human behavior 1833 Words | 5 Pages. limitless possibilities starts anew. In nature , Ralph Waldo Emerson explains how a mind, free of histories and traditions, can use . Creation Of Basketball. nature to draw its own conclusions and develop relationships. Emerson looked to nature as a means for man to shed the ideals and traditions of the past and greet life with a new outlook. To the body and mind which have been cramped by noxious work or company, nature is the medicinal and restores their tone (513). Nature serves as a cleanser. A day spa for the. 175 , Cognition , Idea 772 Words | 3 Pages.

This paper is about nature where I have used different metaphor to define different natural thing and a poem at the end. A metaphor is like a . Chaucer's Tales Essay. simile because it is a comparison that is of basketball made between things. However, the explicit use of the word 'like' or 'as' which you see in canadian identity a simile, is not used in a metaphor which is rather a comparison of two unlike things using the verb to be. Hence, a metaphor sounds more forceful and suggestive, but is still very common in of basketball speech. Nature is the beautiful world. Earth , Human , Life 770 Words | 3 Pages.

definition of sin and see our condition through the eyes of the Almighty One. Surely I was sinful at political structure birth, sinful from the time my mother conceived me . (Psalm 51:5). “We sin because we have a sin nature . Every human being possesses a sin nature -- a corrupt nature inherited from Adam”. Our sin nature separates us from God: The result of one trespass was condemnation for all men (Romans 5:18). Creation. Psalm 51:5 states that we all come into the world as sinners: Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity. Bible , Christian terms , Christianity 2190 Words | 5 Pages. Mother nature a great teacher Local outdoor opportunities for the entire family By Tammy Marashlian Signal Staff Writer . December 15, 2008 When it comes to teaching kids about Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales Essay, nature , parents can turn a park into a classroom, a park ranger into a teacher and of basketball, hiking into homework. By exposing kids to nature as early as possible, children can appreciate the natural world and learn about the environment first hand.

Why nature ? Teaching them to appreciate nature. A Great Way to kushan empire Care , Biodiversity , Ecosystem 1635 Words | 5 Pages. frampton Western Civ 14th – 18th 2/26/12 The Nature of Man What is the strongest motivation for humans? Is it man’s greedy sense of . self-preservation and survival that motivates him? Hobbes would think so. Is it the idea that man is more important than other living creatures on this earth?

Is it the acquisition of supreme power that proves his ideas to creation be right? Does might make right? I think the real question here is what the true nature of man is, what is man’s strongest motivation? . Civil society , Jean-Jacques Rousseau , John Locke 1216 Words | 3 Pages. transcendentalism, being close to nature seems to be the most practiced still today, yet people never notice the amount of influence of this . particular principle. Everyone has a little transcendentalism in him or her, but even those people are wondering how that is even possible.

Look at the movies children watch, songs people listen to, and stories that are read. Transcendentalists are so much more influential than they ever could have thought possible. “ Nature is political structure a setting that fits equally well. Concord, Massachusetts , Over-soul , Ralph Waldo Emerson 796 Words | 3 Pages. ?Running head: Nature vs. Nurture 1 Nature vs. Nurture Psychology . 101 Donna L. Creation Of Basketball. Herrera March 7, 2012 Running head: Nature vs. Nurture 2 Nature vs. Nurture My husband and I ran a group home for teenage girls for over nine years. The girls were struggling with “major” life issues, some had been abandoned, others had sexual identity issues, a few were addicted to and Dramatic in Electra drugs. Eugenics , Human nature , Innatism 1443 Words | 8 Pages.

work but in the manner of not fighting for of basketball, our own survival; instead we depend on others to do the surviving for us. Ralph Waldo Emerson’s . Political Structure. “ Nature ,” presents ideas on how humans should live in of basketball harmony with nature to truly become one with nature itself, by not only connect physically but spiritually; at the rate in which we are separating ourselves from modern vs traditional life, nature , we as humans are no longer evolving but instead digressing back into the crude protoplasm creatures that we started as – mindless and simply. Human , Mind , Nature 1589 Words | 4 Pages. According to Nature T he obstacle of figuring out the nature and instinctual behavior of of basketball, humans has been toppled by many . philosophical writers. Jean-Jacques Rousseau and about Vengeance and Dramatic Conflict in Electra, Niccolo Machiavelli, in of basketball the Discourse on the Origin of Inequality and The Prince, subsequently, talks about The Canterbury Tales, this subject. In the Discourse on the Origin of Inequality, Rousseau talks about the natural human state and creation, is transition to its current civilized state. Modern Life. In The Prince, Machiavelli talks about the nature of creation of basketball, humans already. Cesare Borgia , Human , Jean-Jacques Rousseau 1386 Words | 4 Pages. What is the state of and Dramatic and Orestes, nature ? The state of nature is a term in political philosophy that describes a circumstance prior to creation of basketball the . state and society's establishment. Philosophers, mainly social contract theory philosophers, and political thinkers such as Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean Jacques Rousseau discussed and considered the state of nature as a starting point to their political and canadian, philosophical ideas.

John Locke, whose work influenced the American Declaration of Independence, believes that. Civil society , Jean-Jacques Rousseau , John Locke 1374 Words | 4 Pages. live on his own from his point of view, but from creation, nature’s point of view, he was never really prepared the day he had set out from the lack of his . About Vengeance In Electra And Orestes. inexperience. Therefore, Crabbe learns that nature has a bigger impact on one, than it might look. Second, Crabbe learns that if he were to live off on his own in creation of basketball nature , without Mary, he would die in Essay a matter of a few weeks. Crabbe learns that the basic essentials of life are still needed to live in the wilderness when Mary teaches him them. Of Basketball. “I grabbed a. 1999 albums , Battle of the Wilderness , Impact factor 1263 Words | 3 Pages. Deana Scalise Paper 4 Human Nature Human nature is based on self-preservation and canadian identity, selfishness in . both Rashomon by Ryunosuke Akutagawa and The Lottery by creation of basketball, Shirley Jackson. In The Lottery human nature is selfish because they kill someone in the community for their own personal gain. Selfishness also has a negative effect in Rashomon due to the harmful extremes the servant takes to kushan empire stay alive.

The way human nature is of basketball portrayed in these two stories is sometimes similar. Human nature , Humans , Morality 1190 Words | 3 Pages. leading places among the greatest philosophers till nowadays. His influences can be traced in postmodernism and existentialism. Define Identity. His theories and views are . studied by scientists and students; his profound and sharp understanding of reality and of basketball, human nature attract attention of numerous people all over the world. His most well-known theory is related to “Will of life, Power”.

The notion of the superhuman – Uebermensh – as a key to understanding of the power, every human being is bearing inside, totally confronts. Human , Human nature , Humans 917 Words | 4 Pages. Innovative Techniques in of basketball the Sound and the Fury. American Literature1900-1945 Innovative Techniques in The Sound and the Fury The Sound and the Fury has been seen as an . example par excellence of modernist American fiction (Cohen). Its publication represented a watershed in American literature as it introduced several modernist techniques among which: the Essay Conflict in Electra and Orestes destruction of creation of basketball, chronological order, the division of the structure perspectives, the increased number of narrators, the of basketball free association technique, the stream of consciousness. I have selected.

Absalom, Absalom! , Narrative , Narrative mode 2518 Words | 7 Pages. from ourselves.”-Carl Sagan. If there is only one thing that humanity has to learn, that would be the superior power of compliance with natural laws. Human . Geoffrey Essay. species have never had any true freedom. Freedom is illusion. When it comes to of basketball the order of nature , either you align or you suffer. So, who are we, homo sapiens, a branch of great monkeys, the source of political, all problems on the Earth, the reason behind dramatic changes of environment, evil governors undertaking the role of the God? When a monkey looks. Earth , Environmentalism , Homo sapiens idaltu 1431 Words | 7 Pages. April 2011 Nature as a Character in Hemingway's Work The great respect Ernest Hemingway has for nature is manifested as an creation of basketball . important character in his works.

Although Hemingway cut down his prose to the minimum necessary to convey the action of his characters, he carefully advanced the theme of Essay about Vengeance and Dramatic Conflict in Electra and Orestes, nature . Hemingway describes trees, leaves and needles, water, rain and bodies of of basketball, water, rocks, wind and breezes and Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury, animals as part of the theme of of basketball, nature . In so deliberately including the nature theme in. American literature , Charles Scribner's Sons , Ernest Hemingway 2194 Words | 6 Pages.

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Writing the A2 Art Personal Study: examples, help and guidance. February 8, 2017 by Amiria Gale. This article has been written for CIE A Level Art students who are working on their A2 Art Personal Study. It focuses purely on how to write the creation of basketball, text of the Study; a previous article outlines how to come up with a good topic; a future article will address the illustrations and presentation methods. The Personal Study is an area of modern life life uncertainty for many A Level Art students. It differs from projects that are usually completed within high school Art programmes, as it involves a substantial written component (maximum 3,500 words) – something which can intimidate students, especially if they are unfamiliar with how to critically analyse an artwork, make informed judgements and write personal evaluations. With few examples of quality Personal Studies available, it can be difficult to know what is expected and how to begin.

This article aims to of basketball ease this uncertainty and to make the Personal Study a more easily understood Component. This is the kushan empire, cover page of an A* Personal Study by Nikau Hindin, exploring the topic: ‘Identity, Consumerism, Popular Culture: How Composition Conveys a Message’. The project analyses artwork by of basketball, New Zealand artist Kelsy Taratoa. The Personal Study should be comprised of informed personal views – that is, views that are supported and The Canterbury Essay, shaped by an in-depth understanding of the issues discussed. Before starting the project, students should conduct thorough background research, selecting and recording information from second-hand sources (such as books, websites and other publications) and first-hand sources (interviews with artists, studio visits / gallery visits etc). Interviews with artists should be planned thoroughly, after preliminary second-hand research has been completed (as findings from creation research will suggest important issues to discuss with the artist). Students are often uncertain about how to about Vengeance and Dramatic Conflict phrase questions, so sample questions have been included below (the exact questions asked will depend on the topic and creation of basketball, focus of the study):

Please talk me through the process you follow when designing your paintings. Do you work instinctively, directly onto the canvas, or are your works pre-planned, using sketches and photographs? What influences your choice of colour? I am interested particularly in the colours used in modern vs traditional life, [insert name of painting/s]. Could you explain your thought process behind the of basketball, use of colour in this work, particularly the [give example]? I notice that your work has been described as [insert relevant comment from second-hand sources]. Do you agree with this statement? How do you respond to this?

I notice that [insert an aesthetic feature of their artwork i.e. ‘angular line’ or ‘organic form’] is kushan empire a dominant feature of your work. Creation? Is this strongly connected to Tales the ideas that you are exploring? Have you used these elements deliberately? Can you show me work in progress or semi-complete artwork? I would love to understand the process you go through and how you apply media at different stages. Creation Of Basketball? Are there any tips you would give to someone who was attempting to define canadian emulate your painting style? Which artists have influenced your work?

In what way has your work been shaped by others people, events or situations? 2. Evaluate and creation, interpret research findings. Conducting research is critical for creating an excellent Personal Study, however, it should be noted that submitting research on its own will not gain a student any marks. Photocopying, cutting and pasting or transcribing information from other sources is not acceptable. Examiners do not want to read long lists of structure facts or chronological sequences of events. Creation? They do not want long-winded technical processes or the inclusion of broad periods of art history; nor entire interviews with artists (interviews can be submitted as part of an appendix if necessary). Vs Traditional Life? Students should not include an extensive artist biography (only brief and creation, relevant details are needed) nor include vast passages of Essay Vengeance in Electra text that have been regurgitated from other sources. Instead, students must select the creation of basketball, information which is relevant and analyse this in detail, evaluating and interpreting findings in relation to the focus of their study . Research should be used to operation help form intelligent, knowledgeable, personal responses : to explain, justify or support the viewpoints, judgements and creation of basketball, conclusions that are presented. Evidence of Chaucer's Tales Essay research might be demonstrated, for example, through the use of carefully chosen quotes (to support or contrast the student’s own ideas) or through the creation of basketball, inclusion of correct terminology and background knowledge to communicate an in-depth understanding of relevant issues. Evidence might also be indicated photographically, with images depicting first-hand meetings between the student and artist/s. This Personal Study by about Conflict in Electra, CIE A2 Level Art and Design student Alice Ham, from ACG Parnell College, shows a cleverly selected quote alongside images by New Zealand charcoal artist Liam Gerrard.

Alice was awarded full marks (100%) for creation of basketball, this component (99% overall for A Level). A carefully composed Personal Study page for 9704 CIE Art and Design. 3. Structure the Personal Study in a logical and clear manner. Before writing the Personal Study, students should plan the content, order and structure of their study thoroughly (often in The Canterbury Essay, conjunction with planning the layout of their project – this will discussed in more detail in a subsequent post). This should include headings and subheadings of material discussed and rough diagrams indicating how this will be supported by images. The proposed structure should then be checked and approved by a teacher, with recommendations and clear guidance given. While the structure of each Personal Study will differ, depending on the topic chosen, every study should follow the basic format outlined below: Introduction . Creation Of Basketball? This is where students outline the purpose, focus or mission of their study.

This may include question/s they are going to answer; themes they are going to identity explore; issues they hope to address etc. It should set the creation, scene for the project and may include reasons for selecting a topic and an indication of how / why the topic is of personal relevance or interest to the student. It is important that the intentions of the kushan empire, project are clearly set out in this section, so that the creation of basketball, remainder of the project can be structured accordingly. Body . This is the main part of the political structure, Personal Study and will need careful thought. Creation Of Basketball? It is usually organised into separate sections (which may be formal chapters, or simply different areas of kushan empire a visual study), usually with individual headings and sometimes sub-headings. (I recommend wording headings so that they sum up the material contained – i.e. ‘ Analysis of creation Composition: [artwork title] ’ rather than ‘ Chapter 3 ’. This means that the examiner is able to see immediately that the Essay about and Orestes, student has covered a range of appropriate areas). The sections should be ordered logically and address the focus of the project; they should NOT ramble haphazardly from one issue to the next. High school Art students have a tendency to write without any preconceived order or structure, discussing issues spontaneously as they think of them.

While this can be a suitable approach for more creative writing tasks – and can pulled off by certain students – this strategy runs the risk of creating a muddled and incoherent Personal Study. Conclusion . This is where students summarise key points from the project, arrive at final conclusions and make considered personal judgements about what has been learnt. This is one of the concluding paragraphs in a Personal Study by creation of basketball, Nikau Hindin (who achieved 98% for CIE A Level Art while studying at define canadian ACG Parnell College), entitled ‘ Identity, Consumerism Popular Culture: How composition conveys a message ‘. Creation Of Basketball? The project was focused upon the analysis of artwork by New Zealand artist Kelcy Taratoa, with comparisons made with the define identity, work of American artist Bill Barminski: Taratoa’s use of composition helps convey his message concerning identity construction. The arrangement of of basketball elements is political structure symbolic of an unconscious hierarchy within his paintings that forces the viewer to question and analyse them. The contents of the creation of basketball, paintings can be identified, as they reflect New Zealand society. Taratoa’s use of colour is kushan empire vibrant and modern, echoing the creation of basketball, technological era we live in.

Barminski has a more dynamic and humorous approach to kushan empire conveying his message. He mocks consumerism with his witty and of basketball, blunt slogans and replications of consumer products. While these two artists are very different, they both communicate their own attitudes about society. Making a political statement through your paintings forces an audience to engage. Ultimately we want our art to be remembered and admired and I think if the message of a painting is clear then the viewer is more likely to go away and think about it.

Paintings are a powerful tool to communicate a meaning that is deeper than the 2mm of paint on a canvas. Paintings are an artist’s voice. Bibliography / References / Acknowledgements . This should list any resources that students have used in their project, including books, websites, articles and kushan empire, videos. It might also include sources of first-hand information, such as museums, galleries or websites, as well as acknowledgements, thanking the artist for their time. While examiners are sympathetic towards a student whose first language is not English, a similar sympathy does not extend towards those who submit sloppy, poorly edited material.

Just as it is creation of basketball expected that a Coursework project should contain beautiful well-composed artwork, a Personal Study is expected to contain well-structured, well-edited material. Even if a student has chosen to produce a largely visual project, submitting a sequence of annotated images, the text should communicate with intention and political structure, the writing quality should match that achieved by of basketball, an A Level English student. Poor grammar, spelling errors and ‘txt’ speak are inexcusable. As with any important written project, drafts should be rewritten and refined several times: chapters re-arranged; paragraphs and Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales Essay, annotation reorganised; repetitive material, waffle and unnecessary regurgitation eliminated. Teachers, parents and friends can all be recruited to of basketball read through drafts, highlighting spelling errors and identifying areas where the writing is muddled. While the work must of course remain entirely that of the student, feedback from define a fresh set of eyes is invaluable. A Personal Study should include an appropriate range of Art related terms and vocabulary. While the exact words used will be dependent upon the nature and focus of the study, there are a number of general Art-specific terms which students should be familiar with (these will be listed, with their definitions, in creation of basketball, an upcoming article).

Use of appropriate vocabulary helps to fulfil the ‘Knowledge and kushan empire, critical understanding’ assessment criteria. As the title indicates, a Personal Study must communicate distinctly personal opinions, insights, judgements and creation, responses, demonstrating a clear engagement with the artwork studied. This excerpt from an Essay Vengeance in Electra 100% OCR A Level Art Personal Study by Yantra Scott entitled ‘ An investigation into gender roles in contemporary art ‘ illustrates this: I first encountered Sarah Lucas whist briskly strolling through the creation of basketball, crowded rooms of the Tate. Amongst oils and modern life vs traditional life, finely crafted sculpture my eyes were transfixed in a two-way glare with a slightly butch, totally intense woman, with eggs for t*ts. Ever since then I’ve been hooked. It is creation of basketball evident that Yantra not only visited and viewed artwork in the flesh, but had a strong personal reaction to it. It could never be assumed that this segment had been reworded from structure a textbook: it is absolutely the words of a passionate high school Art student. Although Yantra uses coarse language within her study (something which should be emulated with caution) this project is an exceptional example of an intelligent and personal response to a topic. Of Basketball? (More of operation Yantra’s work, as well as the entire text of her study, can be read in of basketball, full on the great Julia Stubbs’ website). Similarly, this quote from an 88% OCR A2 Art Personal Study (one of the examples given in the OCR A2 Art Exemplar Work – Personal Study document) shows a personal response integrated within the analysis of Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Damien Hurst’s work, illustrated below. The glass is thick, so thick that it is intimidating.

It is as if it is holding something terrible back. It makes you question the formaldehyde and query, what if the tank did break? The formaldehyde is not clear as I expected but is creation quite strongly coloured by a blue and green pigment. This colour is very clinical and has the connotations of a hospital… The musings about the tank breaking and the formaldehyde differing from political expectations are clearly the individual thoughts of of basketball a high school art student. Some Comfort Gained from the Acceptance of the Inherent Lies in Everything 2006, Damien Hurst. Within the Personal Study, students must demonstrate an life vs traditional understanding of cultural context – an understanding that an of basketball artist does not create work in isolation, but rather creates work that is shaped and influenced by market-garden, the circumstance/s they finds themselves in. This might mean that discussion of the influence of natural, social, political or cultural environments is appropriate, or that – as is more common – the influence of other artists is discussed, with comparisons made between artwork that has been created in similar or differing contexts. ‘One night in Mong Kok’ by creation, Akif Hakan Celebi.

The excerpt below is from a CIE A Level Art and Design Personal Study by Tirion Jenkins, of The Canterbury Tales Essay YMCA of Hong Kong Christian College. Titled ‘Alternative Fashion Photography’, her Personal Study was awarded Best in Hong Kong (2012) and includes analysis of ‘One night in Mong Kok’ by photographer Akif Hakan Celebi. Tirion demonstrates a clear understanding of the interrelationship between a photographer’s work and the setting in of basketball, which it was created. The setting itself creates an intoxicating atmosphere with the rows of kushan empire fluorescent light bulbs and layers of luminous signs that form an endless maze of of basketball gaudy colours. However, the setting does not overwhelm the two models who draw my eyes despite the signs above them. Essay About Vengeance Conflict In Electra And Orestes? They create the focal point of the image through the use of the rule of thirds as they are placed off-centre and creation of basketball, through their quirky appearance which magnetises the eye towards them.

They seem to vs traditional life belong to a different world to the passersby behind them with their flare of red hair and audacious choice of creation feathered flittered clothes. Akif has further crafted the image through the define canadian identity, use of makeup as their chalk white faces further segregates and emphasises their surreal doll-like appearances. …Akif’s pictures are reminiscent of of basketball Japanese cinema which he says he is Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury so influenced by. “I like…its writhed and creation, crazy stories; I feel very close to that way of looking at the world.” This photograph is particularly mystical due to the vibrant and decorative bokeh of Hong Kong’s street lights in the background. The core of the A2 Art Personal Study is the structure, in-depth analysis of creation of basketball selected artist works. Vengeance Conflict And Orestes? Some of these artworks must be viewed in person, however it is common (and completely acceptable) for students to analyse work from a combination of primary and secondary sources. In the best studies, artworks are chosen specifically to creation of basketball facilitate the discussion of issues which are relevant to the study. The advice in this section is particularly important and should be read closely by students who are hoping to achieve a high grade for their Personal Study. When analysing artwork, it is helpful to analyse the work in structure, terms of composition, format, structure and of basketball, visual elements (such as shape, line, texture, colour, space, tone) . Students might de-construct an artwork and view it in terms of a single visual element and/or discuss how the visual elements interact, relate, contrast, balance and connect with one another. Descriptions of vs traditional life important terms have been included below to of basketball aid this process: Composition is the placement or organisation of visual elements within an artwork – the way these have been composed, combined or ‘put together’.

Composition may be instinctual or the result of elaborate planning (or a combination of both). Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales? A ‘compositional device’ is an aspect of creation of basketball a composition which has a certain effect (such as the use of frames within frames, which might help create a sense of distance or space within an artwork). Format is the overall shape, size and structure, orientation (portrait or landscape) of an artwork, i.e. whether a work is painted on a long, horizontal oblong canvas, or upon a vertically orientated A4 portrait board. Format can be influenced by practical considerations (i.e. the nature and shape of the object or scene depicted) as well as being an active decision by creation, the artist to help communicate a particular meaning or idea. The structure of an artwork is the organisation of basic forms within a composition (this will be illustrated in more detail in the subsequent post focusing on imagery). Lines are a visual element that can direct a viewer’s gaze and create a visual path. These can direct attention to kushan empire a focal point and create depth through perspective or horizon lines. Different lines can create different effects: hard angular lines provoke a different response than soft, organic lines, for example. Repetition of lines can create a sense of creation of basketball movement or rhythm. Shape is operation market-garden a visual element that is creation created by the junction of lines or changes in tone: the perceived boundaries of form. Larger shapes can become dominant focal points within an artwork; similar shapes can be repeated to create balance and operation market-garden, create unity / visual harmony.

Shapes can be symbolic, i.e. they can represent more complex forms and carry meaning. As with lines, the types of shapes used can communicate certain feelings – rigorous ordered shapes tend to create a different mood than irregular, free-flowing shapes. Shapes might also be used to create borders / frames and of basketball, boundaries that connect, overlap or intersect, perhaps helping to draw viewers from the foreground / middle-ground to background. Space – the absence of form – is an modern vs traditional life often overlooked visual element. Described as being either positive (the space contained within the of basketball, boundary of an market-garden object) or negative (the background space in creation, and around an object), space can determine how busy and kushan empire, cluttered a painting is. A busy composition can overwhelm a viewer; a simple and creation of basketball, sparse composition may appear boring. Careful integration of political structure space is fundamental to any artwork.

Form is of basketball a visual element that is usually discussed more easily in relation to three dimensional objects (as three-dimensional forms are usually described within two dimensional works in terms of operation shape, tone and line). Creation Of Basketball? Colour (or hue) is a visual element that is often discussed in combination with tone(how light or dark a colour appears). Colour can affect the mood of an artwork due to colour associations – i.e. blue might indicate sadness. Tone can help to communicate a sense of define canadian distance (items that are further away generally appear lighter – due to ‘atmospheric perspective’). Both tone and colour can be used to create contrast within an artwork, attracting the viewer’s attention and helping to create focal areas. Alternatively, both tone and colour can be used to create harmonious, peaceful non-contrasting areas. Use of light and shadow or warm and cool might also be an creation of basketball important area to discuss. Texture can be real (the result of brush strokes, irregularities in materials, and the application of Geoffrey Tales Essay a range of materials) or implied…i.e. a surface that is made to of basketball looktextured.

As with the other visual elements, texture should be integrated so that it balances and Chaucer's Essay, becomes an creation aesthetically pleasing addition to an artwork. Surface qualities – along with other detailed areas and intricate patterns – are only able to be appreciated fully when viewed in person. It should be noted here that students should not submit reams of define text explaining how certain visual elements affect artworks in general, but rather use this knowledge to write informed analysis about the artworks in question. Here is another example by Nikau Hindin, discussing the use of of basketball line in market-garden, paintings by Kelcy Taratoa. This text was accompanied by diagrams illustrating the linear elements in the artwork. …Taratoa uses strong angular forms that create diagonal perspective lines. These lines are called ‘leading lines’ and direct us to the focal point of this painting, which is a portrait of Taratoa. They also lead our eyes past him and make us look at the background.

This helps to convey Taratoa’s message that one’s identity is linked to social circumstance, upbringing (background) and popular culture. Street markings form white lines and creation, also draw our attention to the focal point. Street markings represent paths and therefore they may be paths to Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Essay finding and constructing ones identity. They create a sense of movement and creation, highlight the direction one’s eyes should travel within the painting. Structure? The street markings in ‘Episode 007’ are curvaceous which creates movement.

The curvy lines mirror the organic forms of the superhero’s muscular body, creating a visual link. Of Basketball? In ‘Episode 0010’ the kushan empire, repetition of line of the zebra crossing creates a sense of rhythm and leads us to the portrait of Taratoa in creation of basketball, the left corner. Horizontal lines are repeated in kushan empire, the background of the painting to unite separate parts of the painting. As well as the aesthetic qualities discussed above, most students also include sections where they analyse artwork in terms of materials, processes, stylistic influences, techniques (use of media) . For some, this is the primary focus of the Personal Study. This might include analysis of the way an artist has applied paint to a canvas (mark-making, brush strokes), the sequence of building up layers of paint over a prepared ground, or the sequence of events involved in creating a graphic design: from conceptual sketches, development of of basketball ideas, construction in Photoshop, through to proofing, paper selection and final printing. It might involve discussion about the way a composition is planned and designed and political, then the various processes that are undertaken in its completion.

It might include cultural contexts and stylistic influences from other artists. In any sections of the Personal Study which are dedicated to creation of basketball process and technique, it is important to market-garden note (as mentioned above) that the examiners do not want the regurgitation of long, technical processes, but rather would like to see personal observations about how processes effect and influence the artwork that has been created. In all analysis of artwork, whether this involves discussion of composition, aesthetic qualities, cultural contexts, use of media, or approach to a theme, it is important that students move beyond simple observations and add perceptive, personal insight. For example, if a student notices that colour has been used to creation of basketball create strong contrast in certain areas of an artwork, they might follow this with a detailed and thoughtful assumption about why this is the case: for example, perhaps the contrast was created deliberately to draw attention to a focal point in the artwork, helping the artist to help convey thematic ideas. These personal insights could be backed up by earlier research, confirmed or suggested by the artist, or might be educated assumptions made by the student, based upon their own responses and personal interaction with the artwork.

Some final recommendations are included below: ‘Analysis of artwork’ does not mean ‘description of artwork’ . Life Vs Traditional? Analysis means taking an artwork apart (thinking about it in terms of individual elements, such as line, or colour or technique), analysing these individually and/or in terms of of basketball how they relate to one another, and making personal observations and judgements, connecting this to define canadian identity the theme or focus of the creation, assignment. Saying “I like this” or “I don’t like this” without any further explanation or justification is not analysis . Writing should be carefully integrated with the operation, images , so that it is clear which text relates to of basketball which images (this will be discussed more in Chaucer's Tales Essay, the subsequent post). Alice Ham, a Year 13 student at ACG Parnell College (awarded 100% for her Personal Study) has produced some excellent analysis of artwork by Liam Gerrard: In most works (the exception usually applies to those done in commission) the focus of the piece is centred, surrounded by empty space and never grounded through shadow or the like. This is another way in which Gerrard plays with commonly held opinions. Typically, a most aesthetically pleasing composition will follow the of basketball, rule of thirds – a well known ‘rule’ that correlates to the focus of artworks being offset within the composition, and the entire image being visually divided into 3 sections. Liam has little care for this standardised rule, yet his compositions are visually pleasing all the same. I believe this could be because of the negative space, there is no overcrowding and it allows the viewer to focus on the subject. I also think this space is played upon in the display of the artwork.

Galleries in general will have white or very light coloured walls so as not to Geoffrey Chaucer's Tales distract from creation of basketball what is on display. By placing these white canvases on the white walls, hung without obvious framing, the artwork is allowed to ‘flow’ into define identity the viewer’s world, there is no line of separation. This forces the viewer to study Gerrard’s pieces, and perhaps consider the personal message they address for creation, the viewer in everyday life. Analysis of artwork within an A Level Art Personal Study by Alice Ham. Some of the Vengeance in Electra, text above has been reproduced here to aid ease of reading: The expression on the pig’s face is creation perhaps what would draw the viewer into life this picture the most. It directly contradicts the gruesome depiction of decapitation and appears almost to be laughing. This work like most of Gerrard’s others is a single object centred on a stark white background. The amount of empty space in this picture is very eye catching and directs the viewer’s vision inwards, there is no chance of distraction by details in a menial part of the work.

Once again Gerrard uses charcoal in his personal style, leaving the artwork in black and white. Creation? This lack of colour is cold, it presents the reality of the grisly scene without the embellishment of colours. This does not allow the audience to be caught up in what is Essay about Conflict and Orestes ‘pretty’ but forces them to take in creation of basketball, every details in life, it’s highly realistic, and perhaps disturbing, state. The shock factor of this piece is emphasised ten- fold by the sheer size. It cannot be realised until you view this piece in of basketball, reality, but being dwarfed looking up into a pig’s head captured mid laugh brings upon you a bizarre sense of operation fascination. 9. Explain the relationship to Coursework (if appropriate)

As explained in creation, the previous post about topic selection, it is no longer necessary that the Personal Study relate to modern a student’s Coursework project. If there is of basketball a strong relationship, however, students may wish to include a section in their Personal Study where relevant comparisons are made with their Coursework project. The maximum word count for CIE Art Design Personal Studies is 3,500 words. This is a maximum and fewer words is modern vs traditional more than appropriate (especially in primarily visual studies). If a student is slightly over the word count, this is unlikely to be an issue (it is rare that examiners would know your exact word count, as no-one is likely to count every word in a project from start to finish); however, if a student is significantly over the word limit, this is creation of basketball obvious and a problem, running the risk that the examiners will run out of time (or enthusiasm) to modern life read your project in its entirety. Almost all cases of word count breaches come from students who have attempted to bulk up their study with unnecessary information from second-hand sources. If you are encroaching the word limit, you should immediately ensure that you have not included supplementary research material or unnecessary information summarised from textbooks. If you are still battling with the word count and of basketball, inclusion of material from kushan empire second-hand sources is not an issue, you should re-edit your project, eliminating waffle, and ensuring you communicate succinctly.

I encourage teachers to locate and print the creation, excerpts from Personal Studies that are included in define canadian, the 9704 Standards booklet on the CIE Teachers’ password protected site, which can be downloaded as a PDF document from the A Level Art Design page. This document is invaluable. Finally, we are actively looking for more examples of high achieving Personal Studies to share on the Student Art Guide. If you or someone you know someone who excelled in this Component, please read our submission guidelines for more information. If you found this information helpful, you may wish to read the previous article in this series: How to select a great A2 Art Personal Study Topic or our overview of the of basketball, CIE A Level Art: Personal Study. This article was written by Amiria Gale. Amiria has been a teacher of market-garden Art Design and a Curriculum Co-ordinator for seven years, responsible for the course design and assessment of Art and Design work in two high-achieving Auckland schools.

Amiria has a Bachelor of Architectural Studies, Bachelor of Architecture (First Class Honours) and a Graduate Diploma of Teaching. She is a CIE Accredited Art Design Coursework Assessor. Follow Student Art Guide on Pinterest. Join over 15,000 people who receive our free newsletter. You will be notified first when free resources are available: new art project ideas, teaching handouts, printable lesson plans, tips and advice from experienced teachers.

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am good person essay by Prof. Charles Tart. Who am I? If you think life is of basketball, a meaningless accident, your perceptions of the complex world around you will likely be biased toward seeing the meaningless and operation market-garden absurd. If you believe in original sin and the great difficulties of finding salvation, your perceptions will be biased toward seeing your own and others' failures. Our beliefs about who we are and what our world is like are not mere beliefs they strongly control our lives. Of Basketball! We can gain more control by finding out what we believe and how those beliefs affect us. -- Prof. Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales Essay! Charles Tart in his thought-provoking essay Who Am I? The penetrating article below explores the profound question, Who am I? Charles Tart, professor of creation, psychology at the University of California, Davis, has written this intriguing essay inviting us to life, question our beliefs and our view of of basketball, reality. Modern! Do you really know who you are? Do I really know who I am? How much is our thinking around this and other deep questions shaped by our beliefs and our upbringing. Creation! Read on to explore further into the depths of operation, this mystery and open to a more expanded awareness of who we are.

With best wishes, The question is an creation, eternal one. If you don't answer it, you may never be able to distinguish between what your essential self wants and operation market-garden what other people manipulate you to want. Creation! Each of us may do best to answer it for himself or herself. Yet the answers given by others do affect the political structure way we approach (or avoid) this question. Several general types of answers have been offered. The most traditional answer in Western culture is creation, that you are a creature, a creation of God, a creation that is flawed in vital ways. Conceived and born in original sin, you are someone who must continually struggle to obey the rules laid down by that God, lest you be damned. It is an answer that appears depressing in many ways. One the identity one hand, it can lead to low self-worth and the expectation of failure. On the other, it may lead to the rigid, conceited arrogance of being one of the elect. Further, this view doesn't much encourage you to think about who you really are, as the creation answer has already been given from a higher source.

The more modern answer to Who am I? is that you are a meaningless accident. Contemporary science is largely associated with a view of reality that sees the kushan empire entire universe as totally material, governed only by fixed physical laws and blind chance. Creation Of Basketball! It just happened that, in a huge universe, the right chemicals came together under the right conditions so that the chemical reaction we call life formed and kushan empire eventually evolved into you. But there's no inherent meaning in that accident, no spiritual side to existence. I believe that this view is not really good science, but rather what we believe to be scientific and of basketball factual.

More important, it's a view that has strong psychological consequences. Political! After all, if you're just a mixture of meaningless chemicals, your ultimate fate death and nonexistence is clear. Don't worry too much about other people, as they are just meaningless mixtures of chemicals, too. In this view, it doesn't really matter if you think about who you really are whatever conclusions you arrive at are just subjective fantasies, of no particular relevance in creation, the real physical world. Psychologically speaking, this materialist view of our ultimate nature leaves as much to be desired as does the born-into-original-sin view. Structure! As a psychologist, I stress the psychological consequences of of basketball, these two views of your ultimate identity, because your beliefs do shape your reality.

Modern research has shown that, in many ways, what we believe affects the way our brain constructs the world we experience. Some of these beliefs are conscious. You know you have them. Yet many are implicit you act on them, but don't even know you have them. Kushan Empire! If you think life in general is a meaningless accident, your perceptions of the complex world around you will likely be biased toward seeing the meaningless and creation of basketball absurd. Seeing this will in turn reinforce your belief in the meaninglessness of define canadian, things.

If you believe in original sin and of basketball the great difficulties of finding salvation, your perceptions will be biased toward seeing your own and others' failures, again reinforcing your belief in identity, a self-fulfilling prophecy. Creation! Our beliefs about who we are and what our world is like are not mere beliefs they strongly control our lives. So we can gain more control by finding out what we believe and how those beliefs affect us. Between the traditional religious and materialistic views of kushan empire, who you are, there are a variety of ideas that embrace elements of each which include rich possibilities for personal and social growth. The common element in creation, these other views is that life and the universe do have some meaning and that each of us shares in some form of spiritual nature. Yet they also recognize that something has gone wrong somewhere. We have temporarily lost our way. We have forgotten the essential divine element within us and kushan empire have become psychologically locked into a narrow, traditional, religious or materialist views. There is an creation of basketball, old Eastern teaching story that illustrates this the story of the kushan empire Mad King.

Although he is actually the ruler of vast dominions, the Mad King has forgotten this. Years ago he descended into the pits of the dankest cellar of his great palace, where he lives in the dark amongst rags and rats, continually brooding on creation of basketball, his many misfortunes. The king's ministers try valiantly to persuade him to come upstairs into structure the light, where life is beautiful. But the creation Mad King is modern vs traditional life, convinced these are madmen and creation of basketball will not listen. Political Structure! He will not be taken in by fairy tales of noble kings and creation beautiful palaces! We have a lot of evidence in modern psychology to show how little of our natural potential we use and how much of Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales, our suffering is self-created, clasped tightly to our bosoms in crazed fear and ignorance.

Yet the creation ministers do carry a light with them when they come down into the cellar, and they do bring the Chaucer's The Canterbury food which keeps the king alive. Even in his madness, he must sometimes notice this. Creation! In the kushan empire real world, events keep occurring that don't fit into our narrow views, no matter how tightly we may hold them, and creation sometimes these events catch our attention. So-called psychic phenomena are like that. Define Identity! They certainly don't fit a materialistic view, just as they challenge the traditional religious view held by many that this kind of phenomena only happened thousands of years ago, and are thus to be believed, but not pondered. Psychic phenomena are disturbing to both the traditional religious and creation materialistic views of who we are. Chaucer's Tales! It is creation of basketball, one thing to consider abstractly that our true identity may be more than we conceive, or that our universe may be populated with other non-material intelligences. It is quite another thing, with channeling for instance, when the ordinary looking person sitting across from you seems to go to sleep, but suddenly begins speaking to you in a different voice, announcing that he is a spiritual entity who has temporarily taken over Tales, the channel's body to teach you something! Now you have to really look at what's going on. Who is that so-called entity? Who is that person who channels?

If someone else can have his or her apparent identity change so drastically, do we really know who they are? Can I even be sure about creation of basketball, who I am? If you have been conditioned to believe that who you are is identity, meaningless or inherently bad or sinful, you might not welcome this stimulation that the phenomena of channeling gives to the question Who am I? We have many ways of psychologically defending ourselves against dealing with things that don't fit into our organized and defended world. You could just say, This person is creation, crazy, or maybe even deliberately faking this stuff. It's a good defense, for kushan empire of course there are some people known as channels who are probably just crazy or deliberately faking it. The best lies usually contain a very high proportion of truth. You could also just naively accept whatever the ostensible channeled entity says. Yes, you are Master Shananangans from the 17th planet of the central divine galaxy Ottenwelt. Teach me Master, I hear and obey.

This overenthusiastic acceptance can be just as much of a defense against deeper thinking and questioning as overenthusiastic rejection. Channeling and other psychic phenomena are having a great impact on our culture today. We can use this impact for personal and social growth if we are willing to think about the deeper implications, and examine the things we take for of basketball granted about our inherent nature. If we just believe or disbelieve without really looking, this opportunity will be lost. Read, reflect, examine your own beliefs, argue, go meet some psychics or channels. Perhaps you will decide that they are real. Perhaps you will decide they are not real in the ordinary sense of the word, but are somehow psychologically or spiritually real or important.

Perhaps you will decide that some (or most or all) of this stuff is really crazy. But in the process, you will learn a lot about Essay, who you are, and who we are. Note: The above Who Am I essay is an edited version of Charles Tart's foreword to Jon Klimo's well researched and intriguing book titled Channeling . Creation! For a powerful essay inviting you to open to more fluid intelligence and transparency, click here. For excellent evidence that there may be more to ESP than meets the kushan empire eye, click here. - Every person in the world has a heart. - Dynamic online courses powerfully expand your horizons. - Reliable, verifiable information on major cover-ups. Creation Of Basketball! - Strengthening the Web of Love that interconnects us all. Chaucer's Tales Essay! Subscribe to the PEERS email list of inspiration and education (one email per week).

Or subscribe to the list of news and research on deep politics (one email every few days). To reply to this message, click here. Kindly donate here to support this inspiring work of love. Subscribe to creation, one of modern life, our free email lists of inspiration and education. The Web of Love is a PEERS empowerment website. Dedicated to the greatest good of all who share our beautiful world

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comparation essay A TRADUO LITERRIA:UM CAMPO INTERDISCIPLINAR. Alba Olmi (USCS/RS) A traduo “feliz” aquela que, embora mantendo inevitveis diferenas com o original, preserva a energia do seu imaginrio, ativando-a num contexto histrico especfico, vencendo o tempo, a distncia ideolgica, epistmica e cultural, produzindo aquela emoo que deriva do dilogo tornado possvel entre indivduos diversos, lnguas, culturas, pocas e povos. Na diversificao das abordagens tradutrias da obra literria, toma forma e ganha peso o enfoque orientado para o texto-alvo (TA), conforme Toury (1980, 1981, 1982, 1984) e Lefevere (1970, 1971, 1982, 1983, 1992, 1993), cuja justificativa assenta na teoria da recepo e coloca em relativo segundo plano o original, posto que a obra traduzida se situaria no contexto da lngua e da cultura-alvo. Creation Of Basketball? As teorias tradicionais, que enfocam o texto-fonte (TF) como ponto de partida, pareceriam, portanto, inadequadas, para alguns tericos, porque centradas no autor e na obra, levando em conta apenas o valor intrnseco da obra, em detrimento dos polissistemas literrios e da importncia da traduo no incremento e na renovao da literatura como um todo. A qualidade de uma traduo. Defendemos que no campo da anlise tradutria parece haver lugar para uma enfoque de cunho estilstico, centrado no TF que, embora no negue a validade das teorias que privilegiam o TA, demonstra ser capaz de dar conta de diversos aspectos envolvidos na traduo e de desmentir, pelo menos em parte, a crtica que se faz hoje a esse tipo de abordagem. A estilstica comparada, sustentada pela teoria e pela crtica da traduo, demonstrou-se um procedimento-instrumento adequado para a avaliao da traduo literria, proporcionando tambm o surgimento de propostas alternativas, com o intuito de desvendar alguns processos tradutrios e, dessa forma, sugerir caminhos para uma melhoria da traduo literria. A literalidade, a fidelidade ao TF, consideradas por muitos tericos as vils da histria da traduo, em determinado tipo de texto, tendo em vista determinado objetivo, e seguindo determinada metodologia, podem revelar-se uma opo vivel que deve ser considerada, e no descartada a priori. A abordagem orientada para o TF.

Tendo em vista que ainda no se “construiu” um modelo definitivo, e sobretudo operacional, para a traduo literria, a minha proposta a de uma abordagem lingisticamente orientada. Political? Nesse enfoque, o TF, sua estrutura lingstico-textual e seu potencial significativo em vrios nveis, incluindo o nvel do contexto situacional numa estrutura sistmica, considerado como o mais importante e, inclusive, fator constitutivo da traduo. Embora essa abordagem tenha sido criticada por diversos tericos, segundo observa House (1997:16-24), por considerarem que dessa forma se focaliza apenas um aspecto da traduo, ou seja, o aspecto semntico, no se pode negar que a abordagem lingstico-textual capaz de cobrir tanto o carter semntico quanto o pragmtico; tanto o sociocomunicativo como tambm o discursivo. Por essa razo, ao analisar os aspectos estilsticos que envolvem a conotao - mas tambm a denotao - parece possvel dar conta de aspectos estritamente relacionados ao estilo e, ao mesmo tempo, analisar aspectos sociolingsticos com funo pragmtica que o texto literrio pode deixar filtrar - sutil ou claramente - atravs das funes da linguagem predominantes no texto e pelas eventuais variantes de registro presentes na narrativa, dependendo do contexto e da situao narrativa, ou pela fala dos personagens, pelas intenes implcitas nas suas falas ou comportamentos. Na teoria da traduo literria, e portanto na anlise do texto literrio, em sua descrio/avaliao, os pressupostos pragmticos e sociolingsticos parecem importantes, pois estabelecem a relao entre forma e funo dentro de um contexto. Creation Of Basketball? Temos assim a dimenso semntica e pragmtica imbricadas entre si, auxiliando na compreenso dos significados explcitos e dos implcitos do enunciado (Ducrot, 1977) e, conseqentemente, na avaliao de sua equivalncia tradutria. A possibilidade de alcanar objetivos comunicativos pelos implcitos do enunciado parece constituir-se num dos universais da linguagem, sendo portanto passveis de “traduo”, embora sua performance e interpretao estejam sujeitas a diversas condies, desde os universais at modern life vs traditional, a cultura e linguagem/lngua especfica. Creation? De modo que a qualidade da traduo de um ato de fala implcito estar ligada natureza das condies que subjazem a seu desempenho e interpretao. Blum-Kulka (1981: 89-95) apresenta uma proposta para o estudo da traduo, ao sugerir que a teoria dos atos de fala seja aplicada tanto teoria como ao estudo da traduo, posto que o ato tradutrio pode ser visto tambm como uma tentativa de alcanar um desempenho satisfatrio dos atos de fala, para que haja equivalncia de significado.

Ampliando a teoria de Austin (1974) para o mbito do texto, a autora enfatiza o fato de que qualquer elocuo - seja oral ou escrita - desempenha trs atos ao mesmo tempo: o ato locutrio, o ilocutrio e o perlocutrio. About Vengeance And Dramatic? Por isso, sustenta a autora, na tentativa de encontrar “igualdade de significado”, a traduo torna-se uma tentativa de “re-executar atos locutrios e ilocutrios que devero ter (isso, de fato, embora desejvel, ocorre muito raramente) a mesma fora ou o mesmo efeito perlocutrio que tero na lngua-alvo sobre os destinatrios, como ocorreu na lngua-fonte.” A autora acrescenta que “Uma teoria adequada da traduo deveria tentar formular as condies que estipulam a realizao bem-sucedida (ou no bem-sucedida) desses atos de fala na traduo” (id., ibid., p.89-90). Of Basketball? A verdadeira equivalncia se daria assim por meio da interpretao do tradutor que consegue extrair de cada realidade dada, de cada experincia, de cada leitura, algo mais, algo novo, que ainda precisa desenvolver-se e crescer. Canadian Identity? Essa seria a garantia de uma traduo “criativamente fiel”. Creation? Diante da amplitude do processo tradutrio, que abrange todos os nveis discursivos, ser preciso fazer uma breve retomada do conceito de equivalncia funcional. Equivalncia funcional e tipologias textuais. O conceito de “equivalncia” entre o texto traduzido e o original sempre foi e continua sendo o problema central da traduo tanto no campo terico como na prxis. Define? A questo cardinal, qual se tentou e se continua tentando responder de forma definitiva, interessa e preocupa no somente os estudiosos da atualidade, mas procede j da velha distino entre traduo literal e traduo livre. Creation? Ela procura desvendar a natureza da relao que se deve estabelecer entre o aspecto “produto” e o aspecto “processo” que lhe deu origem.

Para explicar qual dos dois aspectos supracitados preciso enfrentar, as correspondncias lingsticas, limitadas estrutura de superfcie dos segmentos textuais da LF, demonstraram-se inadequadas e/ou limitadas. Modern Vs Traditional? De fato, o conceito de equivalncia no de natureza esttica e definitiva, mas relativo e dinmico. Ivir (1981:51-59) considera que, embora a correspondncia formal e a equivalncia em traduo pertenam a atividades diferenciadas, e a reas e disciplinas lingsticas diversas, elas se relacionam e so por isso necessrias tanto no mbito tradutrio como tambm na anlise contrastiva. Of Basketball? A argumentao de Ivir baseia-se no fato de que correspondncia formal e equivalncia tradutria representam muito mais do que mera terminologia, posto que discutir correspondncia formal implica discutir unidades lingsticas na traduo e o papel da lingstica na teoria da traduo, ao passo que, em se tratando de equivalncia tradutria em relao anlise contrastiva, a discusso se desloca para o campo da anlise contrastiva. And Dramatic In Electra? Para o autor, o conceito de equivalncia depender da orientao que se tenha da traduo. Creation Of Basketball? Se o enfoque for identity, voltado traduo como resultado ou produto, diante de dois textos, um dos quais a traduo do outro, poder-se-ia concluir que a traduo, conforme Catford, citado por Ivir, a mera transferncia de material textual de uma lngua-fonte (LF) para o material equivalente na lngua-alvo” (LA). Nesse enfoque, argumenta Ivir, tanto a equivalncia como a traduo assumem um carter esttico que leva a concluir que para cada unidade lingstica do TF (ou de um fragmento do TF) existe um equivalente no TA, e cabe ao tradutor encontrar essa unidade, donde decorre a necessidade de diferenciar tipologias textuais e suas caractersticas nas diferentes lnguas (id., ibid., p.51-52). Parece evidente que o enfoque de Catford no se coaduna com o de Ivir.

Conforme este autor, para obter-se uma outra viso de equivalncia preciso atentar para seu carter dinmico, vendo a traduo como processo e no como resultado. Creation Of Basketball? Nesse caso a traduo se constituiria na substituio de mensagens de uma lngua para outra, a fim de reproduzir no destinatrio a forma de equivalncia mais prxima da mensagem contida no TF, de acordo com a teoria de Nida e de Nida e Taber (1964, 1969). Tales Essay? Nessa abordagem revela-se o aspecto comunicativo e dinmico da traduo que envolve emissor e destinatrio, adquirindo relevo as mensagens. Of Basketball? O que permanece constante, portanto equivalente, no o texto em questo, mas a mensagem (ou mensagens) e “ a essas mensagens que os participantes [do processo comunicativo] voltam a cada etapa do processo [. Essay About Conflict And Orestes? ]” (1969: 52). Ao levar em conta os aspectos comunicativos e os lingsticos, e sendo estes ltimos de natureza contrastiva, Ivir v a equivalncia como um produto derivado do “contraste entre as formas realizadas textualmente pelo TF e a LA e a realizao comunicativa dos contedos extralingsticos do original na LA” (id., ibid., p.59). Num trabalho posterior, Ivir (1996:155) evidencia a relatividade inerente relao de equivalncia, afirmando que “a equivalncia relativa, no absoluta, ela emerge do contexto e da situao definidos pelo inter-jogo de todos os fatores descritos aqui, e no possui existncia fora desse contexto; em particular, [ . Of Basketball? ] no definido a priori por um algoritmo que converte as unidades da LF em unidades da LA.” Ivir evidencia assim uma clara retomada de seus posicionamentos anteriores que estabelecem a equivalncia em nvel de mensagens e em nvel de ato comunicativo, e no em nvel de unidades lingsticas. Bell (1991:3-30), por sua vez, apresenta importantes pontos de contato com Koller (1995) e Etkind (1967), ao sustentar que textos em lnguas diferentes podem receber um certo grau de equivalncia no plano semntico, sinttico, estilstico e pragmtico, de acordo com o segmento textual que o tradutor pretende considerar (palavra, sintagma nominal ou verbal, frase, pargrafo, texto) e do tipo de texto que ele est traduzindo. A relatividade do conceito de equivalncia, no entanto, deve ser relacionada no s ao tipo de escolha/deciso individual de cada tradutor, mas tambm ao ambiente sociocultural no qual ele opera, posto que a lngua um fenmeno varivel, que sofre as presses da sociedade, por ser sistema arbitrrio e tambm convencional, portanto sujeito a mudanas. nesse sentido que se pode (ou se deve) interpretar a “equivalncia na diferena” postulada por Jakobson, para quem, assim como numa mesma lngua a sinonmia no significa equivalncia absoluta entre dois termos, tambm a equivalncia tradutria no corresponde necessariamente a uma equivalncia plena do contedo semntico, posto que cdigos lingsticos diferentes podem conceituar uma mesma realidade extra-lingstica de forma diferente. About Vengeance And Dramatic Conflict In Electra And Orestes? Jakobson (1959:232-239) fornece o exemplo da palavra “queijo” e do seu heternimo russo syr (significando tambm queijo).

Aparentemente sinnimos, os dois vocbulos no correspondem semanticamente, posto que syr obtido pela coagulao do leite somente quando se usa um fermento especial, ao passo que o “queijo” qualquer tipo de produto derivado do leite coagulado, com ou sem o acrscimo de coagulante. Creation Of Basketball? Parece evidente que, enquanto Jakobson aborda o problema da equivalncia sob o ngulo estritamente lingstico, a abordagem de E. The Canterbury Essay? Nida (1964) de cunho essencialmente comunicativo. Creation Of Basketball? Em sua traduo da Bblia, Nida opera uma distino entre “equivalncia formal” e “equivalncia dinmica”, esta alicerada no princpio do “efeito equivalente” no leitor do TA. Geoffrey Tales Essay? Uma posio criticada por House entre outros, como G. Creation Of Basketball? Toury, que no v como esse efeito possa ser testado no enfoque denominado Response-Oriented, Behavioural Approaches to kushan empire, Evaluating Translations. Apesar dos problemas que as orientaes de Nida apresentam, possvel afirmar, argumenta Federica Scarpa, que elas representam um passo importante para o debate sobre a equivalncia tradutria, pelo menos por dois motivos: “em primeiro lugar, a antiga dicotomia traduo literal versus traduo livre substituda pela dicotomia fidelidade ao autor versus fidelidade ao destinatrio; em segundo lugar, ao introduzir a variante dos efeitos sobre o destinatrio, na equivalncia dinmica, Nida confere uma dimenso pragmtica ao processo da traduo” (Scarpa, 1997:4). Creation? Em outras palavras, o tradutor se v pressionado por uma escolha/deciso voltada equivalncia formal, em nvel semntico-referencial, ou equivalncia funcional, em nvel comunicativo e pragmtico (ou em ambos os nveis). And Dramatic Conflict In Electra? A diferena parece importante, porque no primeiro caso o contexto excludo, enquanto no segundo caso o contexto essencial: surge assim uma linha divisria entre lngua como cdigo e lngua como sistema comunicativo. Se levarmos em conta, junto ao conceito de equivalncia, o de funo (ou funcionalidade) e contexto, talvez seja necessrio relembrar esses conceitos em vista da diferena de objetivos que caracterizou as duas grandes linhas na histria da lingstica do sculo XX: a) a linha formalista, cujo objetivo o estudo da lngua como forma, sistema, fora do seu contexto de uso, e. b) a linha funcional - representada pelo Crculo de Praga, e ainda por Firth, Halliday, entre outros - preocupada com a funo sociocultural da lngua enquanto instrumento que evoluiu para satisfazer as necessidades comunicativas concretas de seus usurios, que devem ser interpretadas em seu contexto extralingstico (que inclui, portanto, uma situao). Dessa dicotomia que nasce uma realidade situacional e contextual cujo efeito condicionante sobre o significado de importncia cardinal no processo tradutrio, e suas variveis devero ser consideradas pelo tradutor em suas escolhas: contedo, inteno, momento, nvel, lugar e participantes do ato comunicativo.

Teremos assim a equivalncia como adequao situao e ao contexto lingstico e extra-lingstico. O conceito de equivalncia funcional constituiu o princpio fundamental para a abordagem da traduo adotado por House (1997, op. Creation? cit.). Political? A autora considera o texto traduzido equivalente ao original se este preencher a mesma funo (ou funes), e uma traduo ser adequada quando semntica e pragmaticamente equivalente a seu original, ou seja, quando apresentar a aderncia mais prxima possvel ao significado e funo do TF. A transferncia do valor comunicativo e situacional/contextual do TF para o TA ocorreria exclusivamente no tipo de traduo que a autora denomina covert , isto , um texto no-marcado do ponto de vista pragmtico, posto que receber na cultura-alvo o mesmo status que teria se tivesse sido criado na LA. Creation Of Basketball? Na traduo manifesta, evidente, overt , pelo contrrio, a equivalncia funcional stricto sensu seria praticamente impossvel, devido s diferenas socioculturais entre os destinatrios das duas lnguas, que, quando muito amplas, so difceis de ser preenchidas, razo pela qual preciso recorrer a adaptaes de diversos nveis. O modelo housiano, embasado na equivalncia funcional, possui o mrito de ter indicado a direo que o debate sobre a equivalncia tradutria tomou nesta dcada. Kushan Empire? A proeminncia do objetivo da traduo, s vezes em detrimento da inteno comunicativa do TF, retomada e ampliada por Hatim e Mason (1998), segundo os quais o nvel de interveno do tradutor depende em grande escala das exigncias dos destinatrios. Of Basketball? O mrito desses autores terem aliado traduo as ramificaes da Lingstica que sustentam a traduo, conferindo-lhe no apenas o status de trabalho tcnico, mas tambm uma dimenso social e pragmtica. uma orientao lingstica semelhante que encontramos em Bell (1991), Gutt (1991) e Baker (1992), os quais colocam a traduo na perspectiva de uma ampla concepo integrada de pesquisas lingsticas recentes na sociolingstica, na teoria dos atos de fala, na anlise do discurso e na pragmtica.

Esse enfoque, embora no trate explicitamente da avaliao da traduo, se torna potencialmente vlido para essa finalidade, conforme argumenta House (1997, op. Define Identity? cit., p.19). Creation Of Basketball? De fato, a linha encabeada por Hatim e Mason, Bell, Gutt e Baker extrai a essncia de diversas e complexas reas recentes da lingstica, ampliando o conceito tradicional de intertextualidade para a cadeia intertextual, isto , para aquelas relaes referenciais cuja coerncia constri o conhecimento para alm do texto. Modern Vs Traditional Life? O que Baker argumenta sobre o enfoque de Hatim e Mason que a abordagem dos estudiosos da Universidade de Edimburgo, embora teoricamente vlida, pode ser bastante difcil de aplicar, posto que a nfase excessiva no texto e no contexto pode levar a ignorar o fato de que, embora um texto seja uma unidade semntica e no gramatical, os significados se realizam atravs do wordings , e sem uma teoria baseada no wordings , no h como tornar explcita a interpretao dos significados de um texto. A distino de House entre traduo encoberta ( covert ) e manifesta ( overt ) abre caminho para que Gutt (1991:54-57) estabelea sua diferenciao entre “uso descritivo” e “uso interpretativo”. Of Basketball? Para Gutt, no primeiro caso, a relao entre TA e TF incidental e no tem grande importncia para o sucesso da traduo (por exemplo no discurso publicitrio e na traduo tcnica), ao passo que no uso interpretativo do TF a semelhana entre TA e o original extremamente importante, razo pela qual necessrio que o TA mantenha a equivalncia com o contedo semntico e com o estilo do TF. Tomando emprestada essa distino entre semelhana interpretativa e descritiva da teoria psicolgica da pertinncia ou relevncia, que visa a explicar a comunicao em termos de interao entre contexto, estmulo e interpretao, Scarpa (1997, op. About Vengeance And Dramatic? cit., p.9) infere que Gutt considera a traduo como uma aplicao da teoria da pertinncia. Creation Of Basketball? Dessa forma, fica evidente que para Gutt um TA deve possuir sua prpria pertinncia e no pode, pelo contrrio, “ser pertinente apenas em virtude de sua semelhana interpretativa com o TF.”

A dissidncia entre Gutt e House reside basicamente na abordagem da equivalncia funcional: a permanncia da mesma funo na passagem de um texto a outro (TF para TA). Kushan Empire? Na opinio de Gutt, a manuteno da funo no garante que a traduo seja equivalente em termos funcionais, porque, na passagem de uma lngua a outra, as funes textuais so variveis enquanto dependem do objetivo da comunicao. A posio de Gutt, claramente propensa ao uso interpretativo como base da traduo, e fortemente impregnada pela teoria da relevncia, considerada por House demasiado genrica e muito estreita, pois essa tentativa, afirma House (1997, op.cit., p.20-21) , incorpora a teoria da traduo teoria cognitivo-comunicacional e, por outro lado, se alinha basicamente com a abordagem orientada para o destinatrio. Sejam quais forem as posies tericas do momento, evidente que os conceitos situacional e cultural parecem ter-se tornado centrais na discusso do processo tradutrio, e nesses conceitos que o debate sobre equivalncia funcional est embasado. Of Basketball? A discusso no pode, pois, prescindir de uma abordagem que leve em considerao os modelos funcionais de Bhler e Jakobson que possuem aquela agilidade necessria para determinar as tipologias textuais com base nas funes lingsticas predominantes que se realizam na atualizao da linguagem. Kushan Empire? A atividade do tradutor ter assim parmetros suficientemente cientficos para tomar suas decises e fazer suas escolhas: traduo literal ou livre, orientada ao leitor, orientada ao texto, orientada ao cdigo, etc. Creation Of Basketball? Por outro lado, a avaliao da traduo poder valer-se com proveito desses parmetros, considerando categorias ou tipologias textuais, a partir das quais ser possvel alcanar uma equivalncia relativizada, isto , relacionada ao tipo de texto em questo, entre outros fatores. Embora considerando que, em sua grande maioria, os textos de gneros diversos no possuem claras e absolutas delimitaes e portanto podem apresentar sobreposies, haver sempre a possibilidade de definir qual ou quais so as funes da linguagem predominantes no texto e dessa forma detectar a intencionalidade do texto. Essay Vengeance And Dramatic Conflict In Electra And Orestes? Portanto, tendo em vista um determinado objetivo tradutrio, ser possvel proceder s escolhas adequadas para alcanar a equivalncia que, embora podendo ser formal, no exclui a funcional. Creation? De fato, as tipologias textuais funcionais, centradas na funo de um texto, em dado contexto situacional, permitem decidir quais sero as diversas metodologias tradutrias. a K. Kushan Empire? Reiss (1981) que devemos o mrito da adoo do tipo de classificao textual embasada nas trs macrofunes de K. Creation Of Basketball? Bhler.

Partindo do tipo de texto, Reiss prope os critrios da traduo, a fim de alcanar a equivalncia necessria e adequada. Life Life? Para o texto expressivo, centrado na funo expressiva de Blher, (funo emotiva de Jakobson), em que a forma, sua dimenso estilstica e esttica predominam, haver critrios diferentes dos que se aplicam a um texto conativo, por exemplo, centrado na persuaso, ao passo que o texto informativo (referencial) ser centrado no contedo (o referente). Em relao tipologia de Reiss, a classificao textual realizada por Newmark (1988), embora tambm pautada em Bhler, acrescenta e integra as funes de Jakobson, mantendo-lhe no entanto o mesmo esprito, e se apresenta mais flexvel, posto que a sua abordagem da traduo no considera o texto como um bloco monoltico: o texto possui a multifuncionalidade. Of Basketball? Em outras palavras, a maioria dos textos realiza as trs macrofunes buhlerianas, embora haja uma dominante. Identity? De fato, sabemos que as funes dialogam entre si, no texto, e uma rgida hierarquia no pode ser estabelecida de forma absoluta. A contribuio de Newmark vai alm da identificao da funo dominante do texto - para a finalidade da anlise textual - com vistas traduo, considerando tambm a inteno do autor, o tipo de destinatrio e o contexto de origem do TF e do TA, e ainda o estilo, relacionado ao tom do texto. Creation? Tendo em vista que em nvel programtico Newmark pretende fornecer solues concretas para os problemas que o tradutor tem que enfrentar, utilizando em sua atividade tambm os instrumentos da anlise comparativa entre diversas lnguas, que lhe so oferecidos pela estilstica comparada, ele detalha a estreita relao entre a tipologia textual e os traos lingsticos que o definem. Define? Por exemplo, o emprego no convencional da lngua, caracterizado pelas expresses metafricas criativas, pelos neologismos, arcasmos, uma sintaxe de exceo ou uma pontuao ousada, anticonvencional, configuram claramente o elemento expressivo (emotivo, pessoal) de um texto. Com a finalidade de relacionar os tipos de texto s diversas intervenes/decises/escolhas do tradutor, Newmark utiliza duas metodologias de traduo: a) semntica, realizada tendo em vista o autor do TF e sua linguagem, adequada aos textos expressivos; b) comunicativa, realizada tendo em mente o destinatrio e adequada aos textos informativos e conativos. Of Basketball? Segundo Scarpa, “as caractersticas que diferenciam os dois plos, representados pelas duas metodologias, representam sem dvida a contribuio terica mais original de Newmark disciplina da traduo” (Scarpa, op.cit., p.18).

Afinada com a posio de Newmark, a traduo dos textos expressivos ter como unidade e centralidade a expresso lingstica, a palavra, porque nesse nvel que esto contidas as nuanas de significado to kushan empire, relevantes para esse tipo de texto, e a abordagem dever ser semntica para dar conta desses valores e alcanar a equivalncia funcional mais prxima do original e, portanto, mais adequada. A tarefa da teoria e da crtica da traduo. De acordo com Popovic (1973:161-165), a tarefa da teoria colocar disposio do tradutor e de seu crtico instrues utilizveis e um aparato que especifique a atividade da crtica da traduo em relao sua finalidade original, isto, , pragmtica. Creation Of Basketball? O autor observa que na prtica tradutria existem duas formas bsicas de crtica: uma crtica que trabalha sobre um modelo direto e a crtica que se realiza sem o original de uma traduo. Para Popovic, a autntica crtica da traduo, que corresponde aos princpios de uma teoria da traduo, a que trabalha a obra que o crtico tem realmente em mos. Political? Trata-se, segundo a classificao do autor, de uma “funo analtica” da traduo, que se relaciona diretamente ao texto.

Por funo analtica da crtica da traduo, Popovic entende “uma complexa anlise do estilo, na busca de um tertium comparationis entre original e traduo”, para verificar at creation, que ponto o tradutor compreendeu a linguagem do modelo original, tendo por rbitro desse aspecto a lingstica contrastiva ou a lingstica da traduo. A “funco postuladora”, por outro lado, segundo Popovic compreende a escolha de textos para a traduo e est relacionada ao tradutor, enquanto a “funo operativa” orienta-se para o receptor (leitor), constituindo-se num fator importante para a naturalizao de uma obra oferecida recepo do leitor [meus grifos]. O confronto e a anlise avaliativa da traduo pode partir de uma perspectiva prevalentemente emprica, pautada na funo analtica de Popovic, nos postulados funcionais de Bhler e Jakobson - elaborados e aperfeioados por Newmark, nos postulados da estilstica comparada e na anlise dos atos de fala, atravs dos quais foram observados os complexos fenmenos da traduo literria. Chaucer's The Canterbury Essay? Alm das questes tericas, ser necessrio que se privilegiem os problemas da prxis hermenutica concreta, buscando descrever as tcnicas e os procedimentos formais prprios de uma atividade interlingstica aplicada ao texto literrio, tentando resgatar o que ele possui de estilstico, de pragmtico e de funcional; como esses aspectos “reagem” na traduo e quais foram os recursos utilizados pelos tradutores para preserv-los, isto , qual foi a formulao de sua potica, devido importncia das funes que eles desempenham. Posto que a crtica da traduo se movimenta nos vrios nveis das operaes tradutrias, em funo dessa mobilidade no se poder realizar tudo numa crtica: alguns aspectos recebero mais relevncia, ao passo que outros ficaro subsumidos. Creation? Conforme Popovic, concretamente, isso significa que a crtica dever subordinar suas informaes organizao da expresso do original e da traduo, bem como suas instrues para o leitor, funo esperada de uma determinada traduo dentro do contexto da evoluo e do leitor da obra [. Essay About And Orestes? ] (id., ibid., p.164). AUSTIN, John L. Creation? Quando dire fare. Define Identity? Torino: Marietti, 1974.

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