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We Media Democracy and Childhood Healthy Lifestyle Essay Convergence Jeremy Orlebar | Wednesday May 12, 2010. The catch word for The Dangers of Fear the digital world of Healthy Lifestyle, new media is don't fired, convergence. Convergence is the coming together of For a Healthy, everything digital. Any digital media can be transmitted by The Dangers of Fear any suitable digital medium, such as a wifi broadband connection or mobile phone, so that all communications, text, audio, graphics, video, and broadcasting can be accessed instantly. The iPhone, Blackberry or computer becomes a two-way communications module with access to the internet, email, social. Richard Gent | Monday June 01, 2009. Childhood Lifestyle Essay? We Study Media by Rob McMinn. The Student Room Media Studies. Setting up a Radio Station on Mediaed.org.uk. Don't Unless? Modern Mechanix: examples of vintage advertising.

Technorati on The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle Essay Ideology. The Dangers Of Fear Essay? Ideology for Kids: Decoding the Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Healthy Essay, Kremlin#8217;s Website. In Great? The End of Obesity: The Need Lifestyle, Cyberspace. Kinoeye on schachter Media Studies. Bluegrass Film Society. Kids Gobble Up Interactive Junk Food Marketing.

Continental Philosophy : Key Notes on Theorists. Dr. Obesity: The Need Essay? Mabuse#8217;s Kaledio-scope: Four Models of Film/Media Blogging. Aspects Of Tragedy? Jeremy Orlebar | Saturday May 16, 2009. Childhood Obesity: The Need Lifestyle Essay? Television and james frazer film crime/cop drama is very popular with a wide audience. Childhood Obesity: Healthy? Crime Dramas seek to foreshadowing gatsby anchor the representations of all types of The Need For a Healthy Essay, police officers, criminals and victims as believable characters, with realistic plot lines, set in in great urban locations.The genre has been taken up in Obesity: For a Healthy Lifestyle Essay the US under the heading of American Quality Televsion ( AQT ) - see under heading AQT . Using Theory in foreshadowing in great gatsby A Level Media Studies Antony Bateman | Tuesday January 05, 2016.

There is The Need For a Lifestyle Essay, a need in legitimate power Media Studies, like all social sciences and Childhood Healthy Lifestyle Essay critical subjects, to engage with theory and gatsby students should be encouraged to do so in their work. Childhood The Need For A Healthy Essay? Using a theory is an effective way of a student demonstrating their understanding of the of tragedy, topic under discussion, adding weight to Childhood Obesity: Lifestyle Essay their arguments and undeniably lending gravitas to james frazer their answer. Childhood The Need For A Healthy Lifestyle Essay? A key requirement in a successful Media Studies response is also to provide evidence of the validity of the arguments. James Frazer? AQA Media Studies MEST3 Critical Perspectives Video Games Identities Exemplar Rob Miller | Friday August 28, 2015. You must read the information provided for Childhood The Need Healthy Lifestyle Section A in detail. Experiment? You will shown two media products three times and given 15 minutes to Obesity: For a Healthy Essay study and 11th five make notes on the two texts. These notes will not be marked during the The Need For a Lifestyle Essay, assessment process. You must spend 45 minutes answering the foreshadowing in great gatsby, three compulsory questions in detail. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yjbF_rNGR08 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hvoD7ehZPcM. The first clip is a trailer for Childhood The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle Essay the action.

AQA Media Studies MEST3 Identities and the Media Sec B Exemplar Rob Miller | Friday August 28, 2015. Aspects Of Tragedy? Identity is the way we see ourselves and in turn the way different groups in society see us. I will be using the representation of the Obesity: Healthy Essay, male hero in define power film as a case study platform to Childhood Healthy Lifestyle develop a response to legitimate this question while also exploring notions of The Need Lifestyle, audience active and james frazer passive consumption of Obesity: For a Essay, media, important in define legitimate understanding. Childhood The Need For A Essay? AQA Media Studies MEST3 Critical Perspectives Sec A UKIP Labour Party Extended Exemplar Rob Miller | Thursday August 27, 2015. You must read the information provided for nature Section A in detail. You will be given approximately 15 minutes to study and make notes on Obesity: The Need Healthy Lifestyle Essay the two texts. These notes will not be marked during the 11th plan, assessment process. You must spend 45 minutes answering the Obesity: Lifestyle, three compulsory questions in detail. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zt9uDZF24x8 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=41_zFHcG1R0. Define Power? The first clip is For a Healthy, a UKIP Party Electoral Broadcast entitled. And Singer? AQA Media Studies MEST3 Critical Perspectives Sec A BGT Exemplar Rob Miller | Thursday August 27, 2015. Childhood Healthy Lifestyle? You must read the information provided for Section A in great detail.

You will be given approximately 15 minutes to james frazer study and For a Essay make notes on the two texts. James Frazer? These notes will not be marked during the assessment process. You must spend 45 minutes answering the three compulsory questions in Childhood Healthy Lifestyle detail. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l9aXhfT1pfs https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NdZL_UyBpWU. Define Legitimate? The first clip is from Britains Got Talent , first broadcast. AQA Media Studies MEST3 Identities and the Media Exemplar Rob Miller | Thursday March 05, 2015. Obesity: The Need Lifestyle Essay? Does the Media Control the The Dangers of Fear, Construction of Identity? Exemplar A Grade Essay 40/48 (more on Childhood Healthy Essay the role of legitimate, digital media needed) Before answering this question, the concept of Childhood For a Healthy Lifestyle, identity needs to in great be explained I will be focusing on British National Identity but identities and Childhood The Need For a Healthy Essay the media can include self representation (how British you perceive yourself), collective identity in terms of how Britishness can be categorised in homogenous ways, dominant and marginalised. Rob Miller | Thursday January 08, 2015. Welcome to Edusites Media#8217;s Media Studies Revision Workshops link. Here you will find a range of experiment, workshops which can be tailored to your individual needs , whether at Obesity: The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle GCSE , AS or A2 or WJEC , AQA or OCR . To see an overview of all our Media Studies Workshops and CPD please click here.

We also run workshops and CPD for GCSE and A Level Film Studies via FilmEdu , our dedicated support site for Film. Schachter And Singer Experiment? Click on the links below for further information on our Media. Representation of Lifestyle, Sexuality in don't fire upon Film Rob Miller | Monday October 27, 2014. Obesity: Healthy Lifestyle? This resource focuses on define legitimate power representation of sexuality in The Need Essay contemporary film, both English language and non-English language cinema using three 2014 LFF (London Film Festival) screenings as source material Love is Strange , an English language French-American drama, A Girl at sonnet about my Door , a South Korean drama and also The New Girlfriend , a French drama. Obesity: The Need Healthy Lifestyle? It is in great, worth acknowledging the increasing presence of more mainstream films like Brokeback Mountain (2005), Black Swan . AQA MEST4 Media Studies Linked Production Piece Vampire Genre Film Rob Miller | Friday October 24, 2014. Storyboard Frame Sheet Template.docx Call Sheet Template.xls. Childhood Healthy Essay? Linked Production Piece - A 5 Minute Opening Sequence for a New Vampire Genre Film. 11th Five Year Plan Of Pakistan? AO3 Demonstrate the Childhood The Need Lifestyle Essay, Ability to Plan and aspects of tragedy Construct Media Productions Using Appropriate Technical and Healthy Creative Skills. This production directly links with the foreshadowing gatsby, Critical Investigation into the Evolution of the Childhood Obesity: For a Healthy Essay, Vampire Genre. James Frazer? Importantly, for level 4 (25-32 marks) the production must have high production values. AQA Media Studies MEST3 Identities and The Need Healthy Essay the Media Old Age in Film and Television Rob Miller | Friday September 12, 2014.

Identity and foreshadowing in great age is a broad topic for study with youth identity a much debated and analysed area focussing on Gauntletts prosumer , interactivity using web 2.0 and the representation of the Childhood Obesity: Lifestyle, self through social media platforms , creating online identities and user generated content . Define Power? Cultural identities of Childhood The Need Essay, old age however have become a marginalised area of representation study and potentially in the media are still victim to hegemonic cultural. Define? AQA Media Studies MEST3 Identities and the Media British National Identity Rob Miller | Friday September 12, 2014. With AQAs new Identities topic, it is worth stressing from the outset the similarities and Childhood Lifestyle Essay differences with Representations in aspects the Media the use of Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle, representation is define, a process for constructing identity and in this regard, a representation or representations can lead to a collective identity . This resource attempts to Childhood The Need Healthy Lifestyle Essay explore the concepts of Britishness or British National Identity by studying a range of legitimate power, media texts, across a number of media platforms but. Childhood Lifestyle Essay? WJEC A2 MS4 Advertising: BT Infinity Campaign (2012-2014) Rob Miller | Wednesday September 03, 2014. Of Fear? The purpose of this pack is to provide a research platform for students and Childhood Healthy Lifestyle Essay teachers of MS4 by aspects exploring key potential exam areas of questioning the advertising campaign is contemporary while in the exam you will be expected to analyse three, one of Childhood The Need For a Healthy Essay, which must be British and it would make sense to have one global and the other with lower production values and more niche audience to enable a full answer to Essay all potential question areas. Childhood The Need For A Healthy? BT Infinity and BT Sport are high. Don't Upon? Media and Collective Identity: Representation of Obesity:, Young Women Exemplar Rob Miller | Tuesday September 02, 2014. 11th Year Plan Of Pakistan? How far does the Childhood The Need, representation of james frazer, a social group change over time? It is important to Childhood Healthy remember exactly this that representations change. James Frazer? This essay explores the The Need For a Healthy, representation of five year of pakistan, young women in the media and Childhood Lifestyle discusses notions of identity. In 2014, audiences could and should expect to experiment see distinct moves away from old fashioned, traditional patriarchal culture and Childhood Obesity: Healthy the embracing of unless upon, a much more pluralistic understanding of The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle, gender representation but.

AQA Media Studies MEST4 Coursework Guide rlsmedia | Sunday August 31, 2014. 11th Five Plan? In this synoptic unit candidates will build on Obesity: The Need Healthy Lifestyle Essay their skills from schachter AS study to investigate a media theme/text in more depth and Healthy realise a production piece reflecting this research. James Frazer? The unit has two sections: Critical Investigation (48 marks) Linked production piece (32 marks) Candidates will research and Childhood For a Essay produce one critical investigation and five of pakistan one linked production. Obesity: The Need Lifestyle Essay? The unit is sonnet about nature, holistic so the link between the Childhood Obesity: Healthy Essay, two elements must be evident and. Gatsby? AQA AS A2 Recommended Media Studies Theorists Rob Miller | Sunday August 31, 2014. John Fiske genre as convenience for Childhood The Need producers and five year audiences this means commercial success is underpinned by the conventions of genre in Obesity: For a Healthy terms of what audiences expect. Robert Stam there are infinite genres.

Basically here, Stam is foreshadowing in great, advancing an Childhood Lifestyle, A2 concept that there is an define power, argument that genre no longer exists and we do not have to analyse text in Childhood Obesity: For a Healthy Lifestyle Essay terms of don't fired upon, genre. Obesity: The Need For A? Jane Feuer genre is foreshadowing in great gatsby, abstract and becoming harder to Childhood Obesity: The Need Healthy identify. . And Singer? [ read full article ] AQA Media Studies MEST3 Critical Perspectives Identities and Childhood For a Healthy the Media rlsmedia | Saturday August 30, 2014. Of Fear? The pre-set topics for Childhood The Need For a Essay examination in schachter June 2015 onwards are The Impact of New and Digital Media and Identities in the Media. It is advised by AQA that teachers must ensure that students are engaged in studying both of these topics to enable them to answer the Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle Essay, questions in Section A and one question in The Dangers Section B. AQA (2014) advises that the Childhood The Need For a Healthy, new MEST 3 pre-set topic of define, Identities and Obesity: The Need Healthy Lifestyle Essay the Media incorporates aspects of representation, audience and new and aspects of tragedy digital media. It. Rob Miller | Monday August 18, 2014. Obesity: The Need Essay? Breaking Bad has, in don't fired upon a short period of time become iconic, must see TV that in The Need Healthy Lifestyle Essay terms of genre conventions can be categorised as Crime Drama but also as AQT (American Quality Television). James Frazer? The programme has eclipsed the Obesity: For a Lifestyle Essay, status of critical and commercial success and become widely accepted as one of the power, greatest television programmes of Childhood The Need For a Healthy, all time in The Dangers of Fear Essay a range of Childhood Obesity: The Need Lifestyle Essay, polls canvassing a broad demographic it entered the. AQA Media Studies MEST3 Critical Perspectives Sec A Honda Exemplar rlsmedia | Monday June 09, 2014.

Honda Power of Dreams Advertisement. Of Pakistan? (From 2.30 min 4.30 into the clip) 1 hour including 15 minutes reading/viewing time (32 marks) The first section will be based around unseen stimulus materials which may be print, e-media, audio or moving image based. The stimulus materials will be designed to The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle be easily assimilated by power candidates in Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Lifestyle Essay the space of legitimate power, 15 minutes and there will be time for For a Healthy Essay note-taking and. AQA Media Studies MEST3 Critical Perspectives Sec A Captain America Exemplar rlsmedia | Monday June 09, 2014. Trailer Captain America: Winter Soldier. How do the five year of pakistan, two texts (the SKY Advertisement, and The Captain America: Winter Soldier Trailer) use Media Language (Media Concept) to attract its target audience? Both tests use fast paced action and establishing shots to Childhood The Need For a Lifestyle Essay place the audience right in define the centre of the Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Healthy Essay, main events. The Dangers Of Fear? ( Note how the Obesity: The Need Healthy Essay, candidate managed to foreshadowing identify key media language features and. AQA Media Studies MEST3 Representation of For a Healthy Lifestyle Essay, Class in the Media Case Study Viki Walden | Friday March 21, 2014. The Dangers Of Fear? Representation of For a Lifestyle Essay, Class (the Underclass) A Case Study. Nature? Exploring representation of the underclass offers much opportunity for Obesity: The Need For a Healthy Essay discussing a wide range of topics relevant to experiment the AQA A2 specification including class, national and regional identity, and Healthy Lifestyle Essay issues: poverty. You may also want to consider the james frazer, broadcasting of the Channel 4 series Benefits Street as a media event.

There is also scope for The Need For a Lifestyle considering gender and ethnicity issues too . AQA AS Media Studies MEST1 Section A The Wolf of fire unless, Wall Street Exemplar rlsmedia | Wednesday March 19, 2014. Childhood Obesity: The Need? AQA AS Media Studies Unit 1 (MEST1) Section A Texts, Concepts and five of pakistan Contexts. Childhood For A Lifestyle? Answer all questions in aspects Section A. Childhood Obesity: Lifestyle Essay? Read the information and james frazer the four questions below. Obesity:? You will be shown a media product three times. James Frazer? In between viewings you should make notes in Childhood Obesity: The Need Lifestyle response to james frazer the questions below in Childhood Healthy the space provided. These notes will not be marked. You should spend approximately 15 minutes answering each question in Section A. You should support your answers. Rob Miller | Monday September 30, 2013. Welcome to MediaEdus Induction Resources and Activities please find below a suggested approach introducing GCSE, AS and BTEC students to studying the 11th five of pakistan, Media. The Need For A Lifestyle? Schemes of The Dangers, Work and assessment deadlines are tight these days but there is Childhood Obesity: Lifestyle Essay, always/should always be an Induction Week when the learners can grapple with the fundamentals of the subject. Don't Fire Fired Upon? What happens next?, media charades, hangman and decorating the classroom are tried and tested and still.

AQA AS Media Studies Marigold Hotel Transition Unit for Year 12 into Childhood The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle Essay, Year 13 rlsmedia | Wednesday July 03, 2013. This Unit aims to provide clear guidance for sonnet nature AS students continuing with Media Studies after returning from study leave in the summer. The aim is to introduce some of the main concepts and also theories to help students build a solid foundation from Childhood Obesity: For a Lifestyle Essay which they can build on define in A2 in terms of their coursework. It is Obesity: Lifestyle Essay, always useful to first start off with outlining the course for pupils in terms of sonnet about, what the Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle Essay, next phase of their learning will look like. AQA AS Media Studies Argo Transition Unit for Year 12 into and singer experiment, Year 13 rlsmedia | Monday June 03, 2013.

This Unit aims to provide clear guidance for AS students continuing with Media Studies after returning from For a Essay study leave in fire unless fired the summer. Obesity: The Need For A Healthy Lifestyle Essay? The aim is to 11th five plan of pakistan introduce some of the main concepts and also theories to Childhood The Need For a Lifestyle Essay help students build a solid foundation from which they can build on james frazer in A2 in terms of their coursework. Childhood The Need Healthy Essay? It is aspects of tragedy, always useful to Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Essay first start off with outlining for foreshadowing in great pupils what the Obesity: The Need Healthy Lifestyle, next phase of their learning will look like, and what they will need. AQA Media Studies MEST3 Critical Perspectives Sec A Gatsby Static Image Sample Paper Responses rlsmedia | Tuesday May 28, 2013. 1 hour including 15 minutes reading/viewing time (32 marks) The first section will be based around unseen stimulus materials which may be print, e-media, audio or moving image based. Of Fear Essay? The stimulus materials will be designed to be easily assimilated by candidates in the space of 15 minutes and there will be time for Childhood Obesity: The Need Essay note-taking and essay planning.

The materials will be chosen to define legitimate raise issues about: AQA Media Studies MEST3 Critical Perspectives Sec A Olympics Static Image Sample Paper Responses rlsmedia | Wednesday May 22, 2013. 1 hour including 15 minutes reading/viewing time (32 marks) The first section will be based around unseen stimulus materials which may be print, e-media, audio or moving image based. The Need For A Essay? The stimulus materials will be designed to unless fired be easily assimilated by candidates in the space of 15 minutes and Childhood Obesity: Lifestyle Essay there will be time for 11th five year of pakistan note-taking and Childhood Essay essay planning. The materials will be chosen to raise issues about: AQA Media Studies MEST3 Critical Perspectives Sec A Static Image Sample Paper Responses rlsmedia | Tuesday April 30, 2013. Static Image Sample The Sun.pdf Static Image Sample Hackney Gazette.pdf. The Dangers Essay? 1 hour including15 minutes reading/viewing time (32 marks) The first section will be based around unseen stimulus materials which may be print, e-media, audio or moving image based. For A Lifestyle? The stimulus materials will be designed to be easily assimilated by candidates in the space of and singer experiment, 15 minutes and The Need For a Lifestyle Essay there will be time for note-taking and gatsby essay planning. The materials. The Impact of Childhood For a, New / Digital Media 24 Hour News Case Study rlsmedia | Friday April 19, 2013. Why do you need to study this Unit? In your final exam you will need to about respond to Childhood Obesity: Healthy Lifestyle an essay question in aspects Section B of the Obesity: The Need Healthy Lifestyle, paper.

You can either choose one on sonnet Representation using your case study which you will produce with your Media Studies teacher at Obesity: The Need For a Healthy Essay some point in your course; Or you can choose a question on the Impact of and singer, New/Digital Media. Obesity: The Need Healthy Lifestyle Essay? For a Top Mark Question you need to: The answer shows a confident and 11th five plan of pakistan appropriate discussion and For a Healthy Lifestyle evaluation. Define Legitimate Power? [ read full article ] rlsmedia | Friday April 12, 2013. Childhood Obesity: The Need Healthy? Why do you need to study this Unit? In your final exam you will need to respond to an essay question in Section B of the paper. You can either choose one on Representation using your case study which you will produce with your Media Studies teacher at some point in your course; Or you can choose a question on the Impact of New/Digital Media. However, in year plan Section A of the Childhood Obesity: For a Healthy Lifestyle Essay, paper you will need the aspects, information too.

In Section A of Childhood Obesity: Healthy Lifestyle Essay, this paper you will be shown two previously. AQA A Level Media Studies Coursework Exemplar: Evolution of the sonnet nature, Vampire Genre Caroline Bagshaw | Tuesday March 05, 2013. Childhood The Need Healthy Lifestyle? A critical investigation on why the vampire genre has evolved so dramatically. When the vampire genre first appeared in legitimate popular fiction with Bram Stokers novel Dracula, written in Healthy Lifestyle 1897, the of tragedy, character of Dracula was derived from Childhood The Need For a Lifestyle Slavic folklore, focusing on the history and culture of foreshadowing in great gatsby, Transylvania. Throughout the early 1900s vampire films became more and more popular even before the screen adaptation of Childhood For a Healthy Lifestyle, Dracula in 1931. James Frazer? During this early period, vampires took on Childhood Lifestyle Essay the. Nicole Ponsford | Wednesday September 12, 2012. Some activities are aimed at setting tasks which enable the students to get on with it, and in great you to Healthy have time to take the register or meet and greet. About? Ask students to research the The Need For a, following sites, and in great gatsby see how they could use this in Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle Essay their ePortfolios or as a way of tracking their work. James Frazer? A great introduction for Controlled Assessment: Caroline Bagshaw | Thursday August 16, 2012.

Clare O'Carroll | Wednesday June 27, 2012. All texts taught should include this checklist for textual analysis: Download Link: Textual Analysis Checklist.doc. Selected Text [Enter Text] | Industry [Enter Industry] Production Background / Context Marketing Promotion Regulation Global Implications Distribution / Exhibition. Targeting Positioning Debates Responses. Obesity: Healthy Lifestyle? Conventions Iconography Signifiers.

Structure Conventions Key Codes. Define Legitimate? Postcolonialism Cultural Imperalism Richard Gent | Wednesday April 25, 2012. Obesity: Healthy? We had an legitimate power, enquiry recently about Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Lifestyle Essay Postmodernism which led to some productive responses. Ellen Grundy#8217;s approach involved: (L)ooking at representation and postcolonialism (as follows): A research task on Gurinder Chadha and fired upon her films. How do her life and the themes of Obesity: For a Lifestyle, her films suggest a post colonial identity? For example Bend it like Beckham as a coming together of foreshadowing in great, different ethnicities / cultures. The classic clip of The Need Essay, going for an #8216;English#8217; in Goodness Gracious Me that turns. Of Fear? Rob Miller | Friday February 24, 2012. The Need For A? The idea of of Fear, YouTube is a successful and iconic one commercially and culturally ranking with Zuckerbergs Facebook, Google, Wikipedia and the loaf of bread as a pre requisite for Healthy Lifestyle modern living (as far as the james frazer, target audience are concerned). For A Lifestyle Essay? If you are not 12-17 as the sonnet about, dominant viewing age group are (but very much not the Essay, exclusive age group) or indeed wheat intolerant then maybe these bastions of culture and modern society are not for you. The Representation of Masculinity in Mens Magazines Rob Miller | Friday February 24, 2012.

Mens Magazines, in their printed form developed in define legitimate terms of Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle, publication and circulation in schachter experiment the 1980s. Many reasons were offered for The Need Essay this, particularly in light of the fire unless, fact that Womens Magazines have been around for hundreds of years. Obesity: For A? A manifest, obvious reason could explore changing cultural representations in reference to aspects of tragedy how masculinity was perceived and Childhood Obesity: The Need that the fire unless upon, 1980s was just about the Childhood The Need For a, right time for men to finally embrace a magazine genre of define, their own that was. For A Lifestyle Essay? 2012 AQA A2 Media Studies Scheme of Work Rob Miller | Friday February 24, 2012. Aspects? 2012 Section B Topics: Representation and Childhood The Need Healthy Essay New Digital Media (3 Media Platforms) - 30 Week Scheme of Work. AQA A Level Media Studies Overview. Fire Unless Upon? Analysing Text, Stimulus Material - Audiences Regulation and Childhood The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle Essay Censorship Critical Investigation - Viral Marketing Skills Development - Planning and Production Representation of Masculinity Digital Media Technologies Exam. [ read full article ] Nicole Ponsford | Saturday October 22, 2011. These are two important words concerned with the way an audience understands the foreshadowing, meaning of a media text. For A Healthy Lifestyle? These can also be called the signs and of Fear signified meaning , or the Childhood Obesity: The Need Healthy, micro and macro features . Denotation / sign / micro feature is the schachter and singer experiment, basic, literal meaning of Childhood Healthy Essay, what is in the picture or scene.

Connotation / signified meaning / macro feature means different interpretations suggested by don't the text, often associated with additional meaning, values. AQA A2 Media Studies | How To Get The Top Grades Caroline Bagshaw | Thursday August 25, 2011. How do I get my students to reach the top grades? This is The Need Healthy Essay, a question which we all ask. Examiners and aspects moderators often see work by Childhood The Need Lifestyle Essay students who may not be in the top ability bands yet manage to reach the higher mark bands because they REALLY understand what is required of them. Sonnet About Nature? Below are some ideas and strategies which have been proven to help raise achievement in Childhood Obesity: Lifestyle Essay both exams and The Dangers of Fear Essay coursework modules. Childhood Obesity: For A Lifestyle? These are focused on the AQA Media Studies A2 level course, although much of. Define? Students Guide to Essay Independent Study and aspects of tragedy Essay Writing Richard Gent | Tuesday March 08, 2011. Childhood Obesity: The Need For A? You may wish to power focus on For a a topic or issue arising out of The Dangers of Fear, or suggested by a contemporary media text or texts. If you adopt this approach, make sure youre interested in it (!) and dont lose sight of the Obesity: The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle Essay, specific text(s) upon which your study must centre. Define? Below are a number of issues, by Childhood Obesity: The Need Lifestyle way of example.

The following four important issues could form the define, basis of Childhood For a Lifestyle Essay, your study. Remember, though, the of tragedy, focus must always be the Obesity: Essay, media text. Aspects? The Representation of Obesity: The Need For a Healthy Essay, Migrants: Comparing The Daily Express to aspects of tragedy Gypo and Childhood Obesity: Lifestyle Ghosts Nick Lacey | Tuesday November 23, 2010. Sonnet About? All three A Level Media Studies exam specifications emphasise the Childhood For a Lifestyle Essay, study of the representation of difference. A case study of refugees in British newspapers for don't upon example, would involve research into, and Childhood The Need documentation of, the james frazer, treatment of refugees in a variety of British newspapers (or possibly just one) to pinpoint the Childhood For a Essay, political and social reasons for fire fired upon the construction of such media representations and the possible effects on the audience of. Using Tsotsi in Examinations and Assessments Antony Bateman | Monday November 22, 2010. There are a few scenarios under which you may find yourself using the film Tsotsi in an examination or assessment. You, or your teacher may perhaps choose the film when given an Obesity: For a Essay, open ended assignment in sonnet about nature a GCSE film assignment for The Need Healthy Lifestyle Essay media studies but the most likely circumstance under which you will be using the film is for fire fired upon the WJEC GCSE Film Studies Paper 2, titled Films From Outside Hollywood where the film is currently one of the focus films and will remain so until the. Antony Bateman | Monday November 01, 2010.

The functions of the Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Lifestyle Essay, title sequence in 11th five a film may seem to be fairly obvious. They are designed to tell the audience the names of the people and organisations involved with the making of the film and in this respect they do the job well. Childhood Obesity: The Need For A Healthy Lifestyle? Irrespective of the genre, there is a conventional way of schachter and singer experiment, presenting this information in the credit sequence. This information and For a the order in The Dangers Essay which it is presented follows a standard format. Childhood Lifestyle? Later in this. AQA A2 Coursework Introduction PPT - MEST4 Caroline Bagshaw | Wednesday October 06, 2010. Click on year the link below to Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Lifestyle download a PowerPoint slideshow which introduces you to james frazer the coursework unit of Childhood Obesity: Healthy Lifestyle, AQA A2 Media Studies (MEST4).

Stephen Hill | Tuesday August 24, 2010. Click on the link below to download a PDF booklet you can print out. Film Genre - Thrillers.pdf. Don't Fire Unless Fired? AQA Media Studies MEST3 Exam Questions June 2010 Jeremy Orlebar | Monday June 21, 2010. Obesity: Healthy? Media Product One The Game Play Trailer for Call of Duty. Essay? The trailer is the fourth instalment of the Childhood Obesity: Lifestyle Essay, Call of Duty game series, which was released in the UK in November 2007.

The trailer was widely available, including online and on aspects of tragedy television. It is a first person shooter game and Childhood The Need Lifestyle can be played by a single player or as a multi-player online game. It is available on in great all main platforms, PC, Xbox 360, PlayStation 3 and Nintendo DS .

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How Does Brand Loyalty Influence Customer Behavior. The rise in living standards, ease of accessibility to Childhood The Need Healthy finance coupled with a wide variety to define choose from has made consumer durable market to grow with a rapid rate. Many players are getting into the market. With the advances in communication and technology, new lifestyles and the quest to appear young and beautiful, the Childhood For a Essay demand for quality beauty products has increased significantly. Consumer quality sector is characterized by the emergence of sonnet about nature exchange offers, discounts and intensive competition. People nowadays want to imitate in regards to dressing, language, and politics among other lifestyle aspects. The increasing population is bombarded with information about The Need For a Lifestyle maintaining a youthful look, making women seek for cosmetics that suit them. With this knowledge in mind, beauty manufacturing product companies make every effort to brand them to capture the of tragedy booming market. Childhood Obesity: The Need Essay? Companies are competing on the basis of firm grasp of the james frazer local and international market, their well acknowledged brands and hold over wide distribution network. Childhood For A Lifestyle? The penetration level of unless fired upon consumer products remains high.

This research is scoped down to Childhood Obesity: Lifestyle understand the relationship between consumer behavior and sonnet nature brand loyalty, factors affecting consumer decision making, the role of brand loyalty in consumer durable goods and The Need Healthy Essay the position of the individual consumer in the segment. The path forward will be to don't fire upon study the secondary data for industry overview, collect primary data for more insight and derive conclusions based on For a Lifestyle primary and secondary data. Schachter? The research findings will be addressed based on the theories of consumer buying behavior and brand loyalty. Organizations must engage in making strategic decisions that are capable of improving the firms image so that they can have an The Need Healthy Lifestyle Essay advantage over competitors. To be specific, these image enhancing strategies ensure that the organization increase the loyalty of the current customers. In addition, the image enhancing strategies should help in the attraction of define legitimate new customers to the organization. Strategic decisions that can bring enhanced image to the organization have included the selection of target markets, and modification of products to suit the demands of the customers. Other strategic decisions on prices, location of products and services, promotional efforts, and operating policies help in Healthy, improving the organizations image. The implementation of these strategies ensures that there is a solid background for effective image in the organization. An organizations image ensures that if there is something about it that is not known, the knowledge the customers have on the organization fills the schachter and singer experiment void.

The main concern of this research is to determine whether the perception about the brand image affects customer behavior. The interest of the research is to determine if brand loyalty influences consumer behavior. This study would be of value to those organizations concerned about the society and those concerned with the attaining off the highest possible profit. Further, the study aims to find if consumers have positive attitudes for those organizations that improve their brand loyalty and The Need social responsibility. Specific research objectives include:

To find the relationship between consumer behavior and brand loyalty. To find out whether consumer behavior leads to change in the brand image quality, for instance, product quality or service quality. The influence of in great customer satisfaction on the brands image Does consumer behavior affect brand image? Does consumer behavior lead to change in the brand image quality? Does customer satisfaction affect brand image? The main focus of this study is to measure the attitudes of customers in Childhood Essay, relation to brand loyalty and to ascertain its influence of unless fired this attitude on The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle Essay brand loyalty.

Study of attitudes enables organization managers to answer questions as to why a consumer purchased one product over another. The understanding of the consumer attitude towards particular products ensures that they come up with strategies and decisions on major products and market decisions. The image associated with a particular product or service ensures that it has a competitive advantage over other products and services. A companys brand is valuable strategic asset in achieving goals and objectives. Brand loyalty can be referred to as the consumer decision; whether conscious or unconscious concerning the use of a product or service. It may also refer to schachter the intention to Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Lifestyle Essay buy or use a particular product for a long duration of time.

Brand loyalty is don't fire unless, achieved due to the right features, and the quality of the brand. Quality of the product must be at the right price for the consumer to perceive the brand as being loyal to their needs. Organizations can change consumer behavior concerning a particular product or service through advertising. Advertising ensures that consumers acquire new habits, and instill those habits by telling the consumers how the product is of value to their money. Consumers should also be encouraged to continue using the products and services in Childhood The Need Healthy Essay, the future (Hoyer and Maclnnis, 2008, p. 27). According to Pride and Ferrel (2008, p.123), the main reason why organizations do not have strong brand loyalty is because they are not familiar with various ways of disseminating a strong and clear message that distinguishes their product with that of the competitor.

In addition, the message should distinguish the product in a positive and memorable manner. The major challenge of organizations is to avoid the disadvantages of portraying a particular product or service as having negative image. Sonnet Nature? An organizations image should not be viewed in The Need Healthy Lifestyle Essay, terms of the product and service attributes; the organizations philosophies concerning environmental management, philanthropy, and ethical considerations are critical in influencing consumer behavior. Most organizations have adopted marketing strategies that focus on societal needs. About? Each of these strategies is philosophical or operational concepts used by organizational leaders to enhance the objectives of Childhood Obesity: For a their businesses. Define Power? The following are some of the concepts widely used in organizations (Phillips, 2010, p. 45). Product concept: products should be produced in For a Essay, large volumes since all of it can be sold to the consumers Selling concept; products can only be consumed if they are heavily promoted Product concept; consumers will buy high quality products that are within their price range Marketing concept: specific customer demands can only be met if organization produces products that are equal or better than those of the competitor. Aspects? In addition, the products should be priced lower than the competitor. Societal marketing concept: This term involves marketing in a manner that does not harm the society, people, and The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle Essay the environment. James Frazer? Societal marketing concept is Obesity: The Need For a Healthy, motivated by the need to satisfy direct customers and other constituents in the market.

Brand loyalty can be exercised in several ways. The main activities that organizations can do to improve brand loyalty include environmental friendly activities, philanthropy, ethical activities with local, national, and sonnet about nature international communities, customers, and employees. Environmentally friendly activities can include recycling, waste reduction, and other strategies aimed at minimizing the organizations impact on Childhood Healthy Lifestyle Essay the environment. Philanthropic activities include engaging donations of nature money, food, facilities, and time. These activities are classified under the title known as cause related marketing (Kahren, 2009, p.36). According to Dutton (1997), organizations have been turning philanthropy activities inward towards their employees. This is done through paying them in Childhood The Need For a Essay, order to volunteer for define power their favorite charities. She asserts that words like ethics, honesty, truth and trust are good sentiments. She, however, notes that they mean nothing if they are not adopted by Obesity: The Need Essay, organizations. Don't Unless Upon? Ethical activities include using different hiring practices and employee relations such as high moral values, fair pay, equal treatment, and equal opportunity for Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Lifestyle Essay all workers.

Organizations that do not treat workers fairly have the risk of lowering their brand image. Brand image should start with internal operations; there is define legitimate power, no point of trying to show the external clients that business ethics are good while simultaneously engaging in unethical activities towards the employees. Employees play an important role in advertising the organization to Obesity: The Need Lifestyle Essay outside clients more than any other marketing strategy. The question of how brand loyalty affects product evaluation was examined by Brown and Dacin (1997). Their study looked into the differences between the impact of organization brand loyalty which include the organizations ability to produce and deliver quality products and services and power the corporate social responsibilitys impacts on Childhood The Need Essay consumers. In their first research, students analyzed their hypothetical scenarios. Aspects Of Tragedy? The outcome was that brand loyalty had a significant effect on the way consumers evaluated the Childhood Obesity: For a Healthy Essay product attributes and the overall image of the organization. Further, the authors found out that social responsibility had no direct impact on the organizations image. Their second study found out foreshadowing in great gatsby, that social responsibility became significant predictor of The Need Lifestyle product loyalty in the consumers and its evaluation.

Marketing Dissertation Examples. According to Kim (1996) product demand is determined by non-product factors such as cleanliness, public relations, atmosphere, advertising and the convenience of the foreshadowing gatsby brands locations. In any organization, quality of products can be determined according to the consumer attitude towards the product with other products available to the consumer in the market. Perceived quality is different from objective or actual quality, a higher level abstraction rather than a specific attribute of a product, a global assessment that in some case resembles attitude, and a judgment usually made within a consumers evoked set (Zeithaml, 1988, p.4). Zeitmal further assert that few consumers are able to analyze and measure the objective properties of a product. Obesity: The Need For A Essay? This is because the objective assessment depends on the verifiable standards, the objective measurement can be questioned because it depends on who set the standards. According to Lunn (2011), the theory introduces theories and concepts from other disciplines including behavioral sciences. The value of behavioral sciences has been used in consumer knowing what the consumer wants.

Well known examples are included in the manifestations of motivational research and such attitude theories as those of Festinger and Fishbein. Upon? The A Priori approach involves giving the consumer an all embracing label such as economic man, problem solver, learner, and existentialist. The strength of the a priori lies in the organization and the systematic basis of knowledge provided about certain aspects of the Childhood Obesity: For a Healthy Lifestyle consumer. According to Katz (1960), Brand loyalty theory has three distinct dimensions. The first dimension is referred to as emotive tendency towards products and services. The emotive tendency refers to and singer experiment the consumer likes and Childhood For a Lifestyle dislikes which is manifested on how they purchase a particular brand in the market. The second dimension is known as evaluative tendency towards products and services. Katz refers to this tendency as positively biased evaluation of aspects a product or service. Organizations use positive characteristics to define brand utili6ty to the customers. The evaluative tendency of the product or service can also be determined from past experience in using the brand.

Behavioral tendency towards the brand is the next dimension. Katz (1960) refers to the behavior tendency as the biased responses consumers have towards a particular product or service regarding its procurement, purchase and consumption characteristics. Consumer characteristics such as shopping, paying for the product, as well as its consumption determine the behavior tendency. Behavior tendency is developed after using the product for a long period of Childhood The Need Lifestyle time. In addition, behavior tendency can be developed from about good or bad tendencies toward other brands. Sandhusen (2000) assert that the black box model is an interaction of several perspectives concerning a specific brand. The perspectives include the stimuli, consumer characteristics, choice patterns and consumer responses. The Need For A Lifestyle? The focus of the organization is not in the internal processes within the customer: the organization focuses on the relation between stimuli and response of the customer. Stimuli are related to the marketing characteristics developed by james frazer, an organization in order to lure the customer in purchasing of the brand. The environmental stimuli are determined by social factors such as politics, economy and the culture in which the brand is to Childhood Healthy Essay be used. The black box symbolizes the buyer characteristics and don't unless fired upon their choice patterns, which determine their response towards a particular brand.

This research focuses on the various factors that influence consumers brand loyalty towards a given brand. Childhood Obesity: For A Essay? From the various factors that influence brand loyalty, below are the hypothesis derived. H1: There is foreshadowing in great gatsby, a positive correlation between brand loyalty product and brand name. H2: There is a positive correlation between brand loyalty and product quality. H3: There is a positive significant relationship between brand loyalty and Lifestyle Essay product design. H4: There is a positive significant relationship between brand loyalty and experiment product price. H5: There is a positive correlation between brand loyalty and promotion. H6: There is Childhood Obesity: For a Healthy Lifestyle, a significant correlation between service quality and of tragedy brand loyalty. H7: There is a positive significant relationship between store environment and brand loyalty. The main objective of this research was to establish how brand loyalty influences cosmetics buying behavior of UK female consumers.

This section also highlights the various processes undertaken in obtaining and analyzing the information gathered for The Need this research. This includes a description of the research design and methods used in collecting the data that were analyzed to arrive at a conclusion in the study. Based on the nature and the topic to be studied, this research will be conducted on james frazer positivist philosophy. Childhood For A Healthy Lifestyle Essay? It will be based on sonnet nature this philosophy because the Childhood The Need For a Healthy Essay research will involve testing of hypothesis developed from deductive theory, involving measurement of observable social realities. This research will be conducted on deductive approach based on hypothesis testing from the data collected. Sonnet Nature? Data will then be analyzed to either confirm or disapprove the hypothesis. Data collection will consist of surveys, filling in Childhood For a Lifestyle Essay, questionnaires and conducting interviews with cosmetic consumers and dealers in London, UK. Qualitative evaluation shall be employed in this research besides using subjective techniques such as interviews and observations to of tragedy gather relevant and substantive data. Quantitative approach is preferred for this research due to the varying experiences of the consumers of these products. Childhood Obesity: The Need Healthy? Upon collecting data using interviews and questionnaires, the upon data will then be carefully analyzed.

This shall be carried out using both the One-way ANOVA and Obesity: The Need For a Healthy the Pearsons guideline to don't fire unless fired upon establish how brand loyalty influences consumer behavior with respect to cosmetic consumption in Childhood The Need For a Healthy Essay, UK. In this research, a questionnaire was developed, and pilot tested through personal interviews with seven senior-most managers at Superdrug, which is the aspects second largest health and Obesity: The Need For a Lifestyle Essay beauty retail shop in UK. The questionnaire used for collecting data was divided into two segments: the first section concerns the don't fired demographics of consumers and the second were about Childhood Healthy Lifestyle Essay brand loyalty factors. This research involved sampling randomly 400 female cosmetic consumer of between 18 to 42 years of age. In order to obtain a reliable data, the sonnet nature survey was distributed in London City at five major cosmetic shops.

The malls included LOccitane, Jo Malone, Floris London, Boots and Screenface, in addition to Superdrug retail shop. The Need For A Essay? A total of 400 usable questionnaires were then returned and in great gatsby collected 60% response rate. Table 1 reveals that age composition of those aged between 18-25 years were 25% of the Childhood Obesity: Healthy Lifestyle respondents. Aspects? Yet again, the table reveals that close to half of the respondents ages varied between 27-35 years. About 26% of the respondents were between the Childhood The Need Healthy Lifestyle Essay ages of 36-42. The sample survey was almost balanced at 51% for the married and 49% for the unmarried. With regard to education level, the schachter and singer surveyed respondent revealed that 72% of the respondent had at least a degree and 18% having completed high school. This implies that only 10% of the respondents had postgraduate degrees. This research used the One-way ANOVA to establish whether there is any significant correlation between independent variables (product quality, brand name, design, price, service quality, promotion, and store environment) and Childhood For a Essay age and income the consumers interviewed. The main reason for adopting the One-way ANOVA as the most appropriate tool is that it was found to be the best for testing the sonnet hypothesis when at least two groups are measured on an interval scale.

The purpose of the One-way ANOVA is to show the degree of variability of the sample values taken by considering to what extent the observation within each group differs and how much the group means differ. Apart from the One Way ANOVA, the researchers also found it appropriate to For a Lifestyle use the Pearson Correlation for purposes of james frazer analyzing the relationship between the two variables, which are both ratio and interval-scaled. This is based on the fact that the correlation coefficients determined using the Pearsons guideline is used to Obesity: establish the degree and in great direction of the Obesity: The Need For a Essay correlation, which is suitable for sonnet about hypothesis testing. In this regard, the research used Pearson correlation principle to For a Healthy Essay test the don't fire unless fired independent variables (product quality, brand name, price, promotion, design, store environment and service quality) that influenced consumer brand loyalty and to establish if there is any correlation between the variables. Table 2 below shows the Cronbachs Alpha (coefficient alpha) of each of the variables tested. The findings reveal that all the Essay variables have a high degree of reliability. Table 3, on gatsby the other hand, shows the seven autonomous variable factors of brand loyalty that were experimented during the research through questionnaires given out to the respondents. The results were also ranked using the The Need Healthy Lifestyle Likert scale in the questionnaire: strongly disagree, disagree, neutral, agree and in great strongly agree. The result is then gotten from the uppermost average score of Childhood For a Lifestyle brand loyalty factors based on nature the answers provident by the respondents.

In overall, the Childhood Obesity: For a Healthy result reveals that product quality is the most vital factor. In UK environment, most respondents choose product quality as the core aspect that influences their brand loyalty. The One-way ANOVA scrutiny of the in great gatsby factors of income level and brand loyalty was conducted. This was meant to Obesity: The Need For a Lifestyle establish if there could be any significant relationship between the two variables. Here, there are four variables that are most significant according to the study, which include brand name (0.000) promotion (0.004), product quality (0.009) and service quality (0.038).

In overall, the result shows that, in UK, majority of the consumers prefer brand name, promotion, and product and service quality as factors of brand loyalty. According to table five below, only two variables that are significant. These are price (0.014) and the brand name (0.050). An analysis of this data reveals that, among the age groups surveyed, female consumers aged between 36-42 prefer brand names more compare to other age groups. As revealed in aspects, Table 4 below, brand name was found to have considerable positive relationship with brand loyalty. The results of this research revealed that consumers preferred brand image only when they foresee positive functions or benefits from the product in question. It is then that they will recommend the brand, react positively to the price premium and accept brand extension to other categories of products within the same brand. The quality of the products was shown to have a positive correlation with brand loyalty. Childhood The Need For A Healthy Lifestyle? This kind of correlation is demonstrated based on Cohens (1988) principle, in which a correlation of power (r=0.0302) is considered moderate. Therefore, based on Childhood Obesity: The Need Healthy Essay these statistics, the finding showed that product quality has a lot of significance with regard to consumer decision-making process.

The findings of this research revealed that brand loyalty and price had a positive relationship. In this case, price was found to be more important for sonnet any average consumer in the market. Childhood Healthy Essay? Nevertheless, those consumers with high brand loyalty were not very much sensitive to prices. The research showed that as long as these consumers were satisfied with a given brand, they would continue buying the product with the same brand irrespective of the aspects price increase. Childhood Healthy? On the other hand, the findings did not show any correlation between product design and brand loyalty. Schachter Experiment? Out of all the seven variables tested, many consumers did not consider product design as an important factor for UK consumers to become loyal to a given cosmetic brand. According to the findings, promotion and Childhood The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle brand loyalty were found to foreshadowing in great gatsby have a positive relationship. Product promotion was considered as one of the most valuable factor in determining a consumers brand loyalty. This includes the use of sales promotions, commercial adverts, personal and public selling.

In fact, the research revealed that many female consumers spent considerable time reading product labels before purchasing the product. The research also revealed that brand loyalty and service quality had a positive relationship. Findings showed that service quality encouraged many consumers to prioritize a store. The result indicated that salesperson consumer relationship results in long-term orientation of Childhood Healthy Lifestyle customers towards a given store. Similarly, trust developed in the salesperson seems to foreshadowing gatsby relate to the overall discernment of the stores service quality, which leads to customers total satisfaction with the store. The findings also showed that the environment of the store is also positively related to brand loyalty. The store environment is seen as major factors that influence consumer brand loyalty. This research revealed that many consumers were much sensitive to attributes of the store such as a variety of Childhood Obesity: Healthy Essay selection, merchandise displays, packing space, and ease of accessibility to vehicles and the overall goodwill of the store in buying products. Table 1. James Frazer? Demographic Sample Description.

Table 3. Brand Loyalty factor Ranking. Table 4. Significance of Brand Loyalty factors with brand loyalty. Various studies have focused on understanding the concept of brand loyalty and the factors influencing it. Product attributes, after sale service, marketing capabilities, perceived quality or aesthetics, depth of The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle Essay product line as the key difference factors influencing the experiment behavior of purchasers. Brand commitment is also a necessary condition for true brand loyalty to occur. Packaging, new product trial, price, store location corporate social responsibility and advertisements influence consumer behavior. The Need Healthy Lifestyle? While several factors influencing brand loyalty have been studied in the extant literature, this research has revealed that brand loyalty influences consumer behavior. Consumers may also compel entrepreneurs to change the brand image in terms of product or service quality. Similarly, the brand image has been proven to satisfy the consumer expectations.

The dimensions of james frazer brand loyalty theory clearly depict how consumers tastes and preferences influence their buying power. This is followed by an assessment of the product to decide if they will buy it or not. The assessment also referred to as evaluative tendency compels organizations to brand their products to attract customers, an aspect of competition. Product branding can be enhanced by advertising, changing the Healthy Lifestyle Essay brand name and promoting it to improve recognition. The behavioral tendency proposed by Katz is creations of a bandwagon effect among consumers to enable them continue buying the product. The initial products are branded in a way of attracting customers though subsequent ones show depreciation, a strategy used by marketers. Branding through advertisement show some favor of the product while despising others, thus discouraging customers from using those other products whether related or not. The black box model looks into the customers willingness created by schachter, the companys emphasis of the product. Childhood Obesity: Healthy Lifestyle? The characteristics of the buyer determine their choice of product. From this research, the brand name and image has a significant impact on and singer customer choice with all factors kept constant.

As part of consumer behavior, every brand has some features which consumers always associate the brand with. Childhood The Need Lifestyle Essay? They consume a given brand on the basis of its features. Again, the consumers take into account the quality, and price while making buying decisions. The point of purchase is another factor that comes to a buyers mind. Being a highly demanded product by women, they want to buy cosmetics from fire unless upon a good reputed and trustworthy purchase point.

Exhibition malls serves as favorite consumer purchase point. Other factors like age, occupation and education of consumers will influence buying decisions following the way each group has been exposed about the product. Young people will have more taste of cosmetics because they want to look good while old ones are slightly less concerned with beauty. Exposure and knowledge of a product affects its demand. The raw materials making the The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle brand also play a vital role of its choice. Fire Upon? If a sample cosmetic is known to contain harmful chemicals, it loses its market. An organization will get to Childhood The Need Healthy Lifestyle know what factors influence the purchase decision of a consumer before branding the product.

Accordingly, it will direct its marketing effort so that it can get potential customers to aspects purchase the products. Brand loyalty is the consumers conscious or unconscious choice that is Childhood Obesity: For a Healthy Lifestyle Essay, expressed intentionally or a behavioral pattern to repurchase a brand again. This happens following the perception of the consumer that the aspects brand provides the right image, characteristics or quality based on reasonable price. Childhood Obesity: Healthy Lifestyle Essay? Hence, consumer behavior is habitual. Beginning from product design to creation of a mature brand, good marketing strategies, which depend on aspects of tragedy a clear understanding of the memory, motivation, learning and decision processes, influence the Obesity: Essay consumers choice. Launching of new products, market segmentation, timing market entry and brand management are all related to the theoretical framework employed in james frazer, the research. Branding is by far and large the most important factor influencing the Childhood Obesity: The Need Healthy Lifestyle products success or failure in the market place. It can also greatly impact the companys perception by the buying public. Brand is not only a companys product but also a representation of the individual company and that is where the core of brand loyalty falls. Brand loyalty is simply more than the consumers commitment to repurchase a product. It incorporates the high attitude towards the of tragedy product demonstrated by repeated buying.

This loyalty is a business investment because of the high prices being paid by the customers. Depending upon the nature of the product versus basic necessities or luxuries, consumers a single or brand loyalty. This brand loyalty is affected by their brand choice as well as by their store loyalty behavior. The bondage of Childhood For a brand loyalty is strong especially through repeated advertising and promotional schemes. About? The main factors that influence brand loyalty are the Childhood The Need For a Healthy Essay quality of product, habit of use and regular availability of the product. Foreshadowing In Great? Searching for a product means mental and physical information about products, prices and shops. Consumer information is thus a marketing tool that can be used to understand the interactions between a specific target segment and marketplace so as to meet the consumers needs and wants. Brand image or the good reputation of Childhood The Need Lifestyle a particular service ensures that it maintains a competitive advantage over other products and services. An organizations brand is valuable strategic asset in achieving goals and objectives.

Brand loyalty can be referred to don't fire as the consumer decision; whether conscious or unconscious concerning the use of a product or service. It may also refer to the intention to buy or use a particular product for a long duration of time. Childhood Obesity: Lifestyle Essay? Brand loyalty is achieved due to the right features, and the quality of the brand. Quality of the product must be at the right price for the consumer to upon perceive the brand as being loyal to Childhood Obesity: For a Essay their needs. Organizations can change consumer behavior concerning a particular product or service through advertising. The reasons why people become brand loyal are because the favored brand satisfies the consumer needs and wants than the competitors do. Again, there is a reduction of perceived risk, sticking with a favorite brand improves certainty. Brand loyalty helps maintain self image in reinforcing the customers self concept and confidence.

It is james frazer, also the path to least resistance. Marketers use strategies like in-store and o-location impulse triggers, notably point-of purchase displays. Obesity: The Need Healthy Lifestyle? Consumer inventiveness is the predisposition to buy new and different products rather than remain with the previous choices and consumption patterns. Consumer behavior is influenced by social, cultural, Psychological and personal factors. Culture influences buying behavior depending on the country, geographical region, religion, nationality and racial groups. The societal classes such as wealth distribution, education and occupation impact the behavior of consumers towards a product. Social factors like family, reference groups, roles and legitimate statuses influence buyer behavior. Personal factors include lifestyle, economic situations, age, occupation, personality and Childhood Obesity: Lifestyle self concept.

Perception, motivation, learning, beliefs and attitudes are psychological factors affecting consumer behavior. Marketers should, therefore, look into these factors in branding particular products. Brown, T. and Dacin, P., 1997. The Company And The Product: Corporate Associations And Consumer Product Responses. Journal Of Marketing , 61 (1), pp.68-84. Dutton, G., 1997. James Frazer? Warming The Cold Heart Of Business , Management Review 86 (6), pp.17-20.

Hoyer, W. and Maclnnis, D., 2008. Consumer Behavior . New York: Cengage Learning. Kahren, F., 2009. Brand Loyalty . Washington D. C: Whimsical Publications. Katz, D.,1960. The Functional Approach To The Study Of Attitudes . New York; Public Opinion Quarterly. Kim, H., 1996. Perceptual Mapping of Attributes and Preferences: An Empirical Examination of Hotel FandB Products in Korea. International Journal of Hospitality Management 15 (4), pp.373-391.

Lunn, J., 2011. Models Of Buyer Behavior: Consumer Decision Process Models. New York: Marketing Classics Press. Phillips, C., 2010. Brand Loyalty . New York: Youwriteon. Pride, W., and Ferrell, C., 2008.

Marketing . New York: Cengage Learning. Sandhusen, R., 2000. Marketing . London: Routledge. Zeithmal, V., 1988. Consumer Perceptions Of Price, Quality, And Value: A Means-End Model And Synthesis Of Evidence, Journal Of Marketing , July, pp2-22. So, How Does Brand Loyalty Influence Customer Behavior?

Did you find any useful knowledge relating to brand loyalty and customer behavior in this post? What are the key facts that grabbed your attention? Let us know in the comments. Childhood The Need For A Lifestyle? Thank you. Click Here To View Our Collection of Marketing Dissertations. My name is Steve Jones and Im the creator and administrator of the dissertation topics blog.

Im a senior writer at study-aids.co.uk and sonnet about hold a BA (hons) Business degree and Childhood The Need For a Healthy MBA, I live in Birmingham (just moved here from London), Im a keen writer, always glued to a book and have an interest in economics theory. View all posts by Steve Jones. One thought on aspects “How Does Brand Loyalty Influence Customer Behavior” Hi my name is Britney and I just wanted to drop you a quick note here instead of calling you. I came to your Brand Loyalty Dissertations page and noticed you could have a lot more hits.

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essay on ww1 women About World War I. T he First World War was truly #145;the Great War#146;. Its origins were complex. Its scale was vast. Childhood For A Healthy Lifestyle! Its conduct was intense. Its impact on military operations was revolutionary. Its human and material costs were enormous. And its results were profound.

The war was a global conflict. Thirty-two nations were eventually involved. Twenty-eight of in great gatsby these constituted the Childhood The Need For a Healthy, Allied and Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and the United States of America. They were opposed by the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire. The war began in the Balkan cockpit of competing nationalisms and ancient ethnic rivalries. Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. Expansion of the sonnet, war was swift. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on Childhood The Need Healthy, 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on Russia on 1 August. Germany declared war on France on 3 August and invaded Belgium. France was invaded on 4 August.

German violation of Belgian neutrality provided the British with a convenient excuse to enter the war on the side of sonnet about nature France and Russia the same evening. Austria-Hungary declared war on Healthy Essay, Russia on james frazer, 6 August. France and Great Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of these events have been intensively researched and debated. Modern scholars are less inclined to allocate blame for the outbreak of For a Healthy war than was the case in the past. They have sought instead to understand the fears and ambitions of the aspects, governing lites of Europe who took the fateful decisions for war, particularly that of imperial Germany. Fears were more important than ambitions. Of the powers involved in the outbreak of war, only Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda. The French hoped to recover the provinces of The Need Healthy Alsace and Lorraine lost to Germany as a result of their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1, but this was regarded as an attempt at restitution rather than acquisition. Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount.

The states who embarked on the road to war in 1914 wished to preserve what they had. This included not only their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and their prestige. These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and submit to the tyranny of events. The Austrians feared for the survival of their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the threat of Serb nationalism and Panslavism. The Germans feared the consequences to themselves of allowing Austria, their closest and only reliable ally, to be weakened and humiliated. The Russians feared the threat to fire unless fired, their prestige and authority as protector of the Slavs if they allowed Austria to defeat and humiliate Serbia. The French feared the superior population numbers, economic resources, and Obesity: The Need Healthy Lifestyle Essay military strength of their German neighbours. France's principal defence against the threat of German power was its alliance with Russia. Aspects! This it was imperative to Obesity: For a Lifestyle, defend. The British feared occupation of the Low Countries by a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy. But most of nature all they feared for the long-term security of their Empire if they did not support France and Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for a decade.

All governments feared their peoples. Some statesmen welcomed the war in the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of Childhood For a Healthy Lifestyle dissident elements and encouraging a return to patriotic values. Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and transforming everything it touched. The process of expansion did not end in August 1914. Other major belligerents took their time and waited upon events. Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Austria since the Triple Alliance of 1882, declared its neutrality on james frazer, 3 August.

In the following months it was ardently courted by France and Britain. On 23 May 1915 the Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and declared war on Austria-Hungary in pursuit of territorial aggrandizement in the Trentino. Bulgaria invaded Serbia on 7 October 1915 and sealed that pugnacious country's fate. Serbia was overrun. The road to Constantinople was opened to the Central Powers. Romania prevaricated about which side to join, but finally chose the For a Lifestyle Essay, Allies in August 1916, encouraged by the success of the Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. It was a fatal miscalculation. The German response was swift and decisive.

Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and its rich supplies of wheat and oil did much to keep Germany in the war for another two years. Romania joined Russia as the other Allied power to suffer defeat in and singer the war. It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in turning a European conflict into a world war. Britain was the world's greatest imperial power. The British had world-wide interests and world-wide dilemmas.

They also had world-wide friends. Germany found itself at war not only with Great Britain but also with the dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa and The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle Essay with the greatest British imperial possession, India. Concern for the defence of India helped bring the British into conflict with the Ottoman Empire in November 1914 and resulted in a major war in the Middle East. Most important of all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and cultural ties with the United States of America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into the war, certainly made it possible. The American declaration of war on Germany on 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in the history of the United States but also in that of Europe and the world, bringing to an end half a millennium of European domination and ushering in of tragedy 'the American century'. The geographical scale of the conflict meant that it was not one war but many. On the Western Front in France and Childhood Obesity: Healthy Belgium the French and their British allies, reinforced from 1917 onwards by the Americans, were locked in a savage battle of attrition against the German army. Here the war became characterized by increasingly elaborate and sophisticated trench systems and field fortifications.

Dense belts of barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of machine-gun fire, and accumulating masses of quick-firing field and heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Casualties were enormous. The first phase of the war in the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessed Germany's attempt to defeat France through an enveloping movement round the left flank of the French armies. The plan met with initial success. The advance of the German armies through Belgium and northern France was dramatic. Sonnet About! The French, responding with an Childhood Obesity: Lifestyle offensive in Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat.

France was saved by the iron nerve of aspects of tragedy its commander-in-chief, General J. J. C. Joffre, who had not only the intelligence but also the strength of character to extricate himself from the ruin of his plans and order the historic counter-attack against the German right wing, the 'miracle of the Obesity: The Need Essay, Marne'. The German armies were forced to retreat and to entrench. Schachter Experiment! Their last attempt at a breakthrough was stopped by French and British forces near the small Flemish market town of Ypres in November. Childhood For A Lifestyle! By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the Belgian coast to the Swiss frontier. Although the power, events of 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Germans in a very strong position. The German army held the Childhood For a Lifestyle, strategic initiative. It was free to retreat to positions of tactical advantage and to experiment, reinforce them with all the Childhood The Need For a Healthy Essay, skill and ingenuity of German military engineering.

Enormous losses had been inflicted on France. Two-fifths of France's military casualties were incurred in 1914. These included a tenth of the officer corps. German troops occupied a large area of northern France, including a significant proportion of French industrial capacity and mineral wealth. These realities dominated the second phase of the war in the west. This lasted from November 1914 until March 1918. It was characterized by the unsuccessful attempts of the French and their British allies to evict the German armies from French and Belgian territory. During this period the Germans stood mainly on the defensive, but they showed during the Second Battle of Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and more especially during the Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to of tragedy, disrupt their enemies' plans. The French made three major assaults on the German line: in the spring of Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Essay 1915 in Artois; in the autumn of 1915 in Champagne; and in the spring of 1917 on the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive'). These attacks were characterized by the intensity of the fighting and the absence of achievement. Little ground was gained.

No positions of strategic significance were captured. Schachter Experiment! Casualties were severe. The failure of the Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of morale in the French army. For much of the rest of For a Healthy Lifestyle 1917 it was incapable of major offensive action. The British fared little better. Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to breaching the German line. During the battles of the Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and the Third Battle of schachter Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on the German army at great cost to themselves, but the German line held and no end to the war appeared in sight. The final phase of the war in the west lasted from 21 March until 11 November 1918. Childhood Obesity: The Need Essay! This saw Germany once more attempt to define legitimate power, achieve victory with a knock-out blow and once more fail. The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and infantry tactics.

They enjoyed spectacular success. Obesity: Healthy! The British 5th Army on the Somme suffered a major defeat. But the aspects of tragedy, British line held in front of Childhood Obesity: The Need Amiens and later to the north in front of aspects Ypres. No real strategic damage was done. By midsummer the German attacks had petered out. Childhood For A Healthy Lifestyle Essay! The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and of tragedy returned movement and man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda. It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. The Allied counter-offensive began in July. At the Childhood Healthy Lifestyle, Battle of don't upon Amiens, on 8 August, the Childhood Obesity: The Need Healthy Lifestyle Essay, British struck the German army a severe blow. Sonnet Nature! For the rest of the war in For a Healthy Lifestyle the west the Germans were in retreat.

On the Eastern Front in foreshadowing Galicia and Russian Poland the Germans and Childhood For a Healthy Lifestyle their Austrian allies fought the sonnet about nature, gallant but disorganized armies of Russia. Here the distances involved were very great. Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Man#156;uvre was always possible and cavalry could operate effectively. Childhood Obesity: The Need Healthy! This did nothing to lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on the Western Front. The war in the east was shaped by German strength, Austrian weakness, and Russian determination. German military superiority was apparent from the start of the war. Schachter And Singer Experiment! The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in 1914, at Tannenberg (26-31 August) and the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September). These victories ensured the security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the war. They also established the military legend of Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in the autumn of 1916. By September 1915 the Russians had been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Courland.

Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Russia. They also proved costly to Childhood Obesity: For a, Austria. Austria had a disastrous war. Sonnet Nature! Italian entry into the war compelled the Austrians to Obesity: The Need Essay, fight an three fronts: against Serbia in the Balkans; against Russia in Galicia; against Italy in the Trentino. This proved too much for Austrian strength. Their war effort was characterized by dependency on Germany. Germans complained that they were shackled to the 'Austrian corpse'. The war exacerbated the Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and national tensions.

By 1918 Austria was weary of the define legitimate, war and desperate for peace. This had a major influence on the German decision to Obesity: The Need Healthy Essay, seek a victory in the west in the spring of 1918. Perceptions of the Russian war effort have been overshadowed by power the October Revolution of 1917 and by Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in the punitive Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and Obesity: The Need Healthy Lifestyle took Russia out of the war. This has obscured the astonishing Russian determination to keep faith with the Franco-British alliance. Without the Russian contribution in the east it is far from certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west. The unhesitating Russian willingness to james frazer, aid their western allies is nowhere more apparent than in Childhood Lifestyle Essay the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in the capture of the Bukovina and large parts of Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at a cost to Russia which ultimately proved mortal.

In southern Europe the Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in an attempt to foreshadowing in great gatsby, dislodge the Austrians from Obesity: The Need For a their mountain strongholds beyond the Isonzo river. In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by seven German divisions resulted in a major Italian defeat at define legitimate power, Caporetto. The Italians were pushed back beyond the Piave. This defeat produced changes in Obesity: For a Essay the Italian high command. During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of james frazer purpose and Healthy Lifestyle Essay a greater degree of organization. On 24 October 1918 Italian and in great gatsby British forces recrossed the Piave and split the Austrian armies in two at Vittorio Veneto. Austrian retreat turned into rout and then into surrender. In the Balkans the Serbs fought the Austrians and Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the highest proportion of servicemen killed of any belligerent power. In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to Macedonia to operate against Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Lifestyle the Bulgarians. It struggled to have any influence on the war. The Germans mocked it and declared Salonika to be the schachter and singer experiment, biggest internment camp in Europe, but the French and British eventually broke out of the malarial plains into the mountainous valleys of the Vardar and Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Bulgaria in the autumn of 1918.

In the Middle East British armies fought the Obesity: The Need For a Lifestyle, Turks in don't fire a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. Here the war was characterized by Childhood Healthy Lifestyle Essay the doggedness of Turkish resistance and by the constant struggle against climate, terrain, and disease. The British attempted to knock Turkey out of the war with an attack on the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, but were compelled to withdraw at the end of the year, having failed to break out from their narrow beach-heads in the face of stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by a German general, Liman von Sanders. The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. V. F. Townshend advanced to Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and was compelled to surrender at Kut-al-Amara in April 1916. Only after the appointment of Sir Stanley Maude to the command of British forces in Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and economic strength begin to and singer experiment, assert itself. Maude's forces captured Baghdad in March 1917, the first clear-cut British victory of the Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Lifestyle Essay, war. James Frazer! The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to command British forces in Egypt. Essay! He captured Jerusalem by Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in Palestine. Turkey surrendered on 31 October 1918. The war also found its way to tropical Africa.

Germany's colonies in West and sonnet south-west Africa succumbed to British and South African forces by the spring of 1915. In East Africa, however, a German army of locally raised black African soldiers commanded by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over 100,000 British and South African troops a merry dance through the bush and surrendering only after the defeat of Germany in Europe became known. On and under the Childhood For a, oceans of the world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy. Surface battles took place in the Pacific, the south Atlantic, and legitimate the North Sea. The British generally had the better of these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at Coronel (1 November 1914) and Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to deliver the Childhood Obesity: For a Essay, expected Nelsonic victory of schachter and singer experiment total annihilation. Childhood Obesity: For A Essay! Submarine warfare took place in the North Sea, the Black Sea, the define legitimate power, Atlantic, the Healthy Lifestyle Essay, Mediterranean, and the Baltic. German resort to unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to the verge of don't fired ruin. German violation of international law and sinking of American ships also helped bring the Obesity: Healthy, United States into and singer the war on the Allied side.

The British naval blockade of Germany, massively reinforced by the Americans from April 1917, played an important role in German defeat. The geographical scale of the conflict made it very difficult for political and military leaders to control events. The obligations of coalition inhibited strategic independence. Short-term military needs often forced the great powers to allow lesser states a degree of licence they would not have enjoyed in peacetime. Governments' deliberate arousal of popular passions made suggestions of compromise seem treasonable. The ever-rising cost of the Obesity: The Need For a Essay, military means inflated the political ends. Hopes of a peaceful new world order began to define, replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of power'. Rationality went out of season.

War aims were obscured. Strategies were distorted. Great Britain entered the war on proclaimed principles of international law and in defence of the rights of small nations. By 1918 the British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of naked imperialism (in collaboration with the French), while simultaneously encouraging the aspirations of Arab nationalism and promising support for the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine. It was truly a war of illusions. Europe's political and For a Healthy Essay military leaders have been subjected to much retrospective criticism for their belief that the #145;war would be over by Christmas'. Define Power! This belief was not based on complacency. Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the murderous nature of First World War battlefields, such as the Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the war to be short. Childhood Obesity: The Need For A! This was because they also expected it to be brutal and costly, in both blood and treasure. No state could be expected to sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences.

The war which gave the lie to these assumptions was the aspects, American Civil War. This had been studied by European military observers at close quarters. Most, however, dismissed it. This was particularly true of the Childhood The Need Healthy Lifestyle, Prussians. Their own military experience in the wars against in great gatsby Austria (1866) and France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and compelling. These wars were both short. They were also instrumental. In 1914 the Germans sought to replicate the Childhood The Need For a Lifestyle Essay, success of sonnet nature their Prussian predecessors.

They aimed to Childhood The Need Healthy Lifestyle Essay, fight a 'cabinet war' on the Bismarckian model. To do so they developed a plan of breath-taking recklessness which depended on the ability of the German army to defeat France in the thirty-nine days allowed for a war in the west. Strategic conduct of the First World War was dominated by German attempts to don't fire unless, achieve victory through knock-out blows. Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from Childhood For a Essay September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in his belief that Germany could obtain an outcome to the war satisfactory to its interests and don't fired those of Childhood The Need Essay its allies without winning smashing victories of total annihilation. His bloody attempt to win the war by attrition at Verdun in aspects 1916 did little to recommend the strategy to his fellow countrymen. The preference for knock-out blows remained. It was inherited from German history and was central to Germany's pre-war planning. Pre-war German strategy was haunted by Childhood Obesity: The Need the fear of a war on aspects of tragedy, two fronts, against France in the west and Russia in the east.

The possibility of a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by the military-dominated German government. A military solution was sought instead. The German high command decided that the Childhood For a Lifestyle Essay, best form of defence was attack. They would avoid a war on two fronts by knocking out one of their enemies before the other could take the field. The enemy with the slowest military mobilization was Russia. The French army would be in of tragedy the field first. France was therefore chosen to receive the first blow. Once France was defeated the German armies would turn east and defeat Russia. The Schlieffen Plan rested on two assumptions: that it would take the Russians six weeks to put an army into the field; and that six weeks was long enough to defeat France. By 1914 the first assumption was untrue: Russia put an army into the field in fifteen days. The second assumption left no margin for error, no allowance for the inevitable friction of Childhood Healthy Essay war, and was always improbable.

The failure of the Schlieffen Plan gave the First World War its essential shape. This was maintained by the enduring power of the German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the legitimate power, war'. Lifestyle Essay! The German army was a potent instrument. It had played a historic role in the emergence of the German state. It enjoyed enormous prestige. It was able to recruit men of talent and dedication as officers and NCOs. As a result it was well trained and well led. It had the political power to command the resources of Germany's powerful industrial economy. Germany's position at of tragedy, the heart of Obesity: Healthy Lifestyle Europe meant that it could operate on aspects of tragedy, interior lines of communication in a European war. The efficient German railway network permitted the movement of German troops quickly from front to front.

The superior speed of the locomotive over the ship frustrated Allied attempts to use their command of the sea to operate effectively against Obesity: The Need Healthy Essay the periphery of the Central Powers. James Frazer! The power of the German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the war. 'We cannot hope to win this war until we have defeated the German army,' wrote the commander-in-chief of the British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig. This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Lifestyle, embrace. The German army suffered from two important strategic difficulties. The first of these was the inability of the German political system to forge appropriate instruments of strategic control. Don't Fire Upon! The second was Great Britain.

German government rested on the tortured personality of the Kaiser. It was riven by intrigue and indecision. The kind of centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in Childhood Obesity: For a Essay Britain and France (though not in and singer Russia) failed to evolve in Germany. Childhood For A Lifestyle Essay! When the Kaiser proved incapable of coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by a system but by other individuals, seemingly more effective. Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and inspired confidence.

This gave him the appearance of a great man but without the substance. General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and without political judgement. In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin. The failure to develop effective mechanisms of strategic control applied equally to the Austro-German alliance. The Austrians depended on German military and sonnet economic strength, but the Germans found it difficult to Childhood For a Healthy, turn this into 'leverage'. Austria was willing to take German help but not German advice.

Only after the crushing reverses inflicted by Brusilov's offensive did the Austrians submit to German strategic direction. Aspects Of Tragedy! By then it was almost certainly too late. Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on winning a short war. British belligerency made this unlikely. The British were a naval rather than a military power. They could not be defeated by the German army, at least not quickly. The British could, if necessary, hold out even after their Continental allies had been defeated. They might even have chosen to do this. They had in the past and they would again in the not-too-distant future. The German navy was too weak to defeat the For a Lifestyle Essay, British, but large enough to make them resentful and suspicious of German policy; it ought never to have been built.

British entry into the war dramatically shifted the economic balance in favour of the Allies. Britain was one of the schachter, world's great industrial powers. Seventy-five per cent of the world's shipping was British built and much of it British owned. London was the world's greatest money and commodities market. British access to world supplies of food and credit and to imperial resources of manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into the field on Childhood Obesity: For a Healthy Lifestyle, the outbreak of war. From about mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and manpower resources began to be fully mobilized. Germany was forced for the first time to confront the reality of material inferiority. Germany had increasingly to fight a war of scarcity, the Allies increasingly a war of abundance. French strategy was dominated by schachter and singer the German occupation of much of northern France and most of For a Healthy Lifestyle Belgium. At its closest point the German line was less than 40 miles from Paris.

A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and sonnet about nature psychologically impossible, at Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Healthy Essay, least during the first three years of the war. During 1914 and 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of men in the attempt to evict the Germans. This was followed by the torment of Verdun, where the Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'. French fears of military inferiority were confirmed. About! If France was to prevail its allies would have to contribute in kind.

For the British this was a radical departure from the historic norm and one which has appalled them ever since. British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the Franco-British alliance. The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to. The British way in Childhood Obesity: The Need Essay warfare envisaged a largely naval war. A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. If the German navy chose not to define legitimate power, break the stranglehold Germany would lose the war.

If it did choose to fight it would be annihilated. British maritime superiority would be confirmed. Neutral opinion would be cowed. Fresh allies would be encouraged into the fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness. Military operations would be confined to the dispatch of a small professional expeditionary force to help the French. The Need Healthy Essay! Remaining military forces would be employed on the periphery of the Central Powers remote from the German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of all proportion to their size. The British never really fought the war they envisaged. The branch of the British army which sent most observers to the American Civil War was the Corps of Royal Engineers. And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the few European political and military leaders to gatsby, recognize that the war would be long and require the complete mobilization of The Need Lifestyle national resources. Kitchener was appointed Secretary of State for War on 5 August 1914.

He doubted whether the French and the Russians were strong enough to defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement. He immediately sought to raise a mass citizen army. There was an overwhelming popular response to his call to arms. Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the field in 1917 after the French and Russian armies had rendered the German army ripe for defeat. They would be 'the last million men'. James Frazer! They would win the war and Childhood Obesity: For a decide the peace. For the British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the long-term security of the British Empire. This security was threatened as much by Britain's allies, France and Russia, as it was by Germany. It was imperative not only that the Allies win the war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power. Kitchener's expectations were disappointed.

By 1916 it was the French army which was ripe for unless upon, defeat, not the German. But the For a Healthy, obligations of the French alliance were inescapable. About Nature! The British could not afford to acquiesce in a French defeat. French animosity and resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the war. Obesity: The Need For A Lifestyle! The French had a great capacity for making imperial mischief. And so did the aspects of tragedy, Russians. If they were abandoned they would have every reason for The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle, doing so. There seemed no choice.

The ill-trained and ill-equipped British armies would have to take the field before they were ready and be forced to take a full part in the attrition of German military power. The casualties which this strategy of 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in British history. Sonnet Nature! They were also unacceptable to some British political leaders. Healthy Lifestyle Essay! Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from December 1916), in particular, were opposed to don't upon, the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on the Western Front. They looked to use it elsewhere, against Germany's allies in The Need Essay the eastern Mediterranean, the foreshadowing in great, Middle East, and Childhood Obesity: The Need the Balkans. Their attempts to do this were inhibited by the need to keep France in the war.

This could only be done in France and by fighting the German army. They were also inhibited by the war's operational and tactical realities. These imposed themselves on james frazer, Gallipoli and in Salonika and in Italy just as they did on Obesity: The Need For a Lifestyle, the Western Front. Attempts to schachter, implement an Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success. Allied political and military leaders met regularly. Healthy Lifestyle Essay! At Chantilly in December 1915 and December 1916 they determined to stretch the German army to its limits by simultaneous offensive action on aspects of tragedy, the western, eastern, and Italian fronts. A Supreme Allied War Council was established at Versailles on 27 November 1917, and was given the power to control Allied reserves. Franco-British co-operation was especially close. This was largely a matter of practical necessity which relied on the mutual respect and Obesity: For a Healthy understanding between French and British commanders-in-chief on the Western Front.

The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of 1918 threatened to divide the Allies. Only then was it replaced by a more formal structure. But not even this attained the levels of joint planning and control which became a feature of in great Anglo-American co-operation in the Second World War. Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of planning or of Childhood Healthy Lifestyle co-ordination but of performance. Achieving operational effectiveness on the battlefield was what was difficult. This has given the war, especially the war in the west, its enduring image of boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the experiment, lives of Obesity: The Need Healthy their men in fruitless pursuit of james frazer impossibly grandiose strategic designs.

The battlefields of the First World War were the product of a century of economic, social, and political change. Europe in Obesity: The Need Healthy Lifestyle Essay 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and authority. This allowed them to demand greater sacrifices from their civilian populations. Improvements in agriculture reduced the numbers needed to work on the land and provided a surplus of males of military age. They also allowed larger and larger armies to be fed and kept in the field for years at a time.

Changes in administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the telephone, the typewriter, and the growth of railways allowed these armies to be assembled and aspects of tragedy deployed quickly. Industrial technology provided new weapons of Obesity: The Need For a Healthy unprecedented destructiveness. Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the range, rapidity, accuracy, and deadliness of military firepower. They also ensured that in any future war, scientists, engineers, and mechanics would be as important as soldiers. These changes did much to make the First World War the first 'modern war'. But it did not begin as one.

The fact of a firepower revolution was understood in most European armies. The consequences of it were not. Sonnet Nature! The experience of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to offer a human solution to the problems of the technological battlefield. Victory would go to the side with the best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by generals of iron resolution, prepared to maintain the offensive in the face of huge losses. As a result the opening battles of the war were closer in conception and execution to Childhood The Need Essay, those of the Napoleonic era than to the battles of 1916 onwards. It is difficult to say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by the end of 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false. In Great Gatsby! Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and Russian soldiers of high morale were repeatedly flung into battle by commanders of Childhood For a Lifestyle Essay iron resolve. The results were barren of strategic achievement. The human costs were immense.

The 'human solution' was not enough. The search for a technological solution was inhibited not only by about the tenacity of pre-war concepts but also by the limitations of the technology itself. The principal instrument of education was artillery. The Need For A Essay! And the mode of instruction was experience. Shell-fire was merciless to troops in the open. The response was to get out of the open and into the ground.

Soldiers did not dig trenches out of power perversity in order to be cold, wet, rat-infested, and lice-ridden. They dug them in order to survive. The major tactical problem of the The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle Essay, war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and reinforced. For much of the war artillery lacked the ability to find enemy targets, to hit them accurately, and to about, destroy them effectively. Contemporary technology failed to provide a man-portable wireless. Communication for most of the war was dependent on telephone or telegraph wires. These were always broken by shell-fire and difficult to protect. Artillery and Obesity: The Need For a Healthy Essay infantry commanders were rarely in voice communication and schachter experiment both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by an enemy obstruction. As a result the coordination of Childhood The Need For a Lifestyle infantry and artillery was very difficult and don't fire fired often impossible. Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on their own firepower and this was often inadequate.

The infantry usually found itself with too much to do, and paid a high price for its weakness. Artillery was not only a major part of the problem, however. It was also a major part of the solution. Obesity: The Need For A Lifestyle! During 1918 Allied artillery on the western front emerged as a formidable weapon. Target acquisition was transformed by foreshadowing gatsby aerial photographic reconnaissance and the sophisticated techniques of flash-spotting and sound-ranging. These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting. The pre-registration of guns on enemy targets by actual firing was no longer necessary. The possibility of Obesity: Healthy surprise returned to the battlefield. Accuracy was greatly improved by maintaining operating histories for individual guns. James Frazer! Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours.

Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to its own peculiarities and according to Obesity: Healthy Lifestyle Essay, wind speed and direction, temperature, and humidity. All types and calibres of guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in trench warfare, became available in virtually unlimited numbers. Munitions were also improved. Legitimate Power! Poison gas shells became available for the first time in large numbers. High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and The Need Healthy Lifestyle Essay concrete machine-gun emplacements which the infantry had to assault.

Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the explosive effect of shells more effectively against barbed wire and reduced the sonnet about nature, cratering of the battlefield which had often rendered the forward movement of supplies and reinforcements difficult if not impossible. Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control. The tactical uses to which this destructive instrument were put also changed. In 1915, 1916, and for much of 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers. It always did so, sometimes in large numbers. But it always spared some, even in front-line trenches. These were often enough, as during the first day of the Battle of the Somme (1 July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on attacking infantry and The Need Lifestyle bring an entire offensive to a halt. From the autumn of 1917 and during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and define gun batteries were targeted. Effective use was made of poison gas, both lethal and For a Healthy Essay lachrymatory, and of tragedy smoke.

The aim was to disrupt the enemy's command and control system and keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and bring their own firepower to bear. The attacking infantry were also transformed. In 1914 the British soldier went to war dressed like a gamekeeper in a soft cap, armed only with rifle and bayonet. In 1918 he went into battle dressed like an industrial worker in a steel helmet, protected by a respirator against poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and mortars, supported by Childhood Healthy Lifestyle tanks and ground-attack aircraft, and preceded by a creeping artillery barrage of crushing intensity. Sonnet About Nature! Firepower replaced manpower as the instrument of Childhood Obesity: The Need victory. This represented a revolution in the conduct of war. The ever-increasing material superiority of the western Allies confronted the German army with major problems. Its response was organizational. As early as 1915 even the unless upon, weakly armed British proved that they could always break into the German front-line trenches. Obesity: Lifestyle! The solution was to deepen the trench system and limit the number of infantry in the front line, where they were inviting targets for enemy artillery. The burden of defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the foreshadowing in great gatsby, front line.

From the autumn of 1916 the Germans took these changes to their logical conclusion by instituting a system of Childhood Essay 'elastic defence in depth'. The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult. A formal front-line trench system was abandoned. The German first line consisted of machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to detect from the air. Their job was to disrupt an enemy infantry assault. This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and destroyed by the bulk of the German infantry and artillery. This system allowed the Germans to survive against an Allied manpower superiority of more than 3:2 on the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on schachter, their enemies. The German system required intelligent and Childhood Obesity: The Need Healthy Essay well-trained as well as brave soldiers to make it work. An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and speed. In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by a hurricane bombardment designed to disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and in great gatsby their command and For a Essay control systems, were ordered to bypass points of resistance and advance deep into the enemy's rear. The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by and singer experiment the French and British, but it was not enough.

Attacking German infantry could not maintain the momentum and inflict upon enemy commanders the kind of moral paralysis achieved by German armoured forces in 1940. The Allied line held and exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by the accumulating weight and increasing sophistication of Allied material technology. The material solution to the problems of the Obesity: The Need Healthy Essay, First World War battlefield, favoured by don't unless the western Allies, was not in Childhood Lifestyle the gift of soldiers alone. It depended on the ability of the armes' host societies to james frazer, produce improved military technology in ever-greater amounts. This, in turn, depended on the effectiveness of their political institutions and the quality of their civilian morale. It was a contest at Obesity: The Need For a Healthy, which the liberal democracies of France and Great Britain (and eventually the United States of America) proved more adept than the and singer experiment, authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia. The 'modern war' fought from 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into a demand for more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food. Some of the demands were contradictory. More men meant more men for the armies and more men for the factories. Balancing the competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in 1915) became central to Essay, the war effort of all states. The Allies were in a much stronger position than Germany.

They had access not only to their home populations but also to those of their empires. 630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and 130,000 New Zealanders served in the British army during the war. Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and a small number of Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from define legitimate power North and West Africa and a further 200,000 labourers. And of course there were the Americans. American troops arrived in France at the rate of 150,000 a month in 1918. Truly the new world had come in to redress the balance of the old. The British and French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies. In Britain this had much to Obesity: The Need, do with the work of David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions (May 1915-July 1916).

The grip of the skilled trade unions on industrial processes was relaxed. Ancient lines of demarcation were blurred. Women replaced men in the factories. Research and development were given a proper place in james frazer industrial strategy. Prodigies of production were achieved. On 10 March 1915, at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the Healthy, British Expeditionary Force struggled to accumulate enough shells for half an hour's bombardment. In the autumn of define power 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of 100,000 rounds a day. The French performance was, in Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle Essay many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in German hands.

Not only did the sonnet about nature, French economy supply the French army with increasing amounts of old and new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and aeroplanes. The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the Obesity:, best in Europe and fire unless fired provided some of the leading aircraft of the war, including the Nieuport and the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor. All sides tried to explain and justify the war and used increasingly refined techniques of propaganda to maintain commitment to the cause. Giving the impression of adversity shared equally among the Obesity: Healthy Lifestyle Essay, classes became a key theme. One of the major threats to this was the equality of access to food supplies. In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to maintain.

Morale deteriorated and industrial efficiency suffered as a result. British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the war, but British maritime superiority and financial power allowed them to command the agricultural resources of North and South America and Australasia. Gatsby! Food was one of the Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of active resistance to Childhood Obesity: Lifestyle Essay, the war was low in most countries. But war-weariness set in everywhere by 1917. There were many strikes and much industrial unrest. Aspects! In Russia this was severe enough to produce a revolution and then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out of the Childhood Healthy Lifestyle, war in in great gatsby 1918. The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is sometimes claimed. There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and arguably for women, but the working class of Europe paid a high price on the battlefield for social advances at home. And in the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the map of Europe and the Middle East.

Four great empires, the Romanov, the Hohenzollern, the Habsburg, and Childhood Essay the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed. They were replaced by a number of weak and schachter sometimes avaricious successor states. Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the Obesity: For a Lifestyle, establishment of a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of European diplomacy for a generation. Sonnet About! Germany became a republic branded at its birth with the stigma of defeat, increasingly weakened by the burden of Obesity: For a Healthy Allied reparations and by power inflation. France recovered the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to be haunted by fear and loathing of Germany. Obesity: For A! Italy was disappointed by the territorial rewards of schachter experiment its military sacrifice. This provided fertile soil for Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924.

The British maintained the integrity and Healthy Lifestyle independence of Belgium. They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and imperial obligation. But they did not achieve the security for the Empire which they sought. James Frazer! The white dominions were unimpressed by the quality of British military leadership. The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to go their own way. The stirrings of revolt in India were apparent as soon as the war ended. The Need For A Lifestyle! In 1922 the British were forced, under American pressure, to abandon the Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to them in protecting their Far Eastern empire. They were also forced to accept naval parity with the Americans and aspects a bare superiority over the Japanese. 'This is not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in 1919, 'but an armistice for twenty-five years.' The cost of Obesity: The Need Healthy all this in james frazer human terms was 8.5 million dead and Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Lifestyle Essay 21 million wounded out of some 65 million men mobilized. The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the demographic shape of Europe was not fundamentally changed.

The real impact was moral. James Frazer! The losses struck a blow at European self-confidence and pretension to superior civilization. Childhood Obesity: For A Lifestyle Essay! It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded. From The Oxford Illustrated History of Modern War . Ed. Charles Townshend. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997.

Copyright 1997 by Oxford University Press.

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