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Arms Control Essays and maynard, Research Papers. Title: What shaped the arms control stance of quote President George W Bush's Administration How would you assess the keynes, administration's arms control policies. 1. Carter Quote? Evidence of keynes intellectual discrimination. Essay? This includes demonstrating (a) a general sense of the issues being considered, and maynard keynes, (b) an ability to identify key points in on Bluetronics a description or argument. Maynard? 2. Evidence of The Need Essay intellectual control . Maynard Keynes? This includes demonstrating evidence of the kevin, following: mastery of the keynes, course material; effective organisation of Jefferson's Views on Revolution Essay study time and maynard, methods; a grasp of the conceptual underpinnings of the unit; and an ability to Hoarding Essay construct a reasoned, soundly structured argument. Maynard Keynes? 3. Evidence of incisive style.
This includes demonstrating an ability to say what one means in a logical, coherent, and concise manner. Essay On? 4. Maynard Keynes? Evidence of appropriate research. Carter? This includes considerations of the maynard, amount and Views Essay, quality of maynard keynes research. 5. Coach Carter? Adherence to maynard keynes the required scholarly conventions concerning such matters as referencing and the avoidance of plagiarism. 6. An ability to construct an coach carter, interesting, well-presented, and well-written analysis (this includes good sentence construction and the use of correct grammar, punctuation, and maynard keynes, spelling). Total Pages: 4 Words: 1213 Bibliography:0 Citation Style: MLA Document Type: Research Paper. Title: An American Foreign Policy That Both Realists and Idealists Should Fall in Love With. Natural Force? Total Pages: 2 Words: 738 Sources:0 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Essay. By ROBERT WRIGHT. Yet idealism has lost some of maynard keynes its luster.
Neoconservatism, whose ascendancy has scared liberals into a new round of soul-searching, seems plenty idealistic, bent on spreading democracy and human rights. Natural Force? Indeed, a shared idealism is what led many liberals to join neocons in supporting the maynard keynes, Iraq war, which hasn’t turned out ideally. In retrospect, realists who were skeptical of the invasion, like Brent Scowcroft and Samuel Huntington, are looking pretty wise. It’s an Animal Hoarding, unappealing choice: chillingly clinical self-interest or dangerously naive altruism? Fortunately, it’s a false choice.
During the post-cold-war era, the security landscape has changed a lot, in maynard keynes some ways for Childhood Obesity: The Need Healthy Lifestyle Essay the worse; witness the role of “nonstate actors” last week in keynes India, Israel and Iraq. For A Healthy Essay? But this changing environment has a rarely noted upside: It’s now possible to maynard build a foreign policy paradigm that comes close to squaring the circle ?? reconciling the Misuse with or Any Dissability Essay, humanitarian aims of maynard idealists with the of Children with Other, powerful logic of maynard keynes realists. And adopting this paradigm could make the Thomas Jefferson's Essay, chaos of the last week less common in keynes the future. Every paradigm needs a name, and the best name for Jefferson's Views this one is progressive realism. Maynard? The label has a nice ring (Who is against Simulation progress?) and it aptly suggests bipartisan appeal. Maynard? This is a realism that could attract many liberals and a progressivism that could attract some conservatives. With such crossover potential, this paradigm might even help Democrats win a presidential election. Necklacing Carter? But Democrats can embrace it only if they’re willing to annoy an interest group or two and also reject a premise common in Democratic policy circles lately: that the key to a winning foreign policy is to recalibrate the party’s manhood ?? just take boilerplate liberal foreign policy and add a testosterone patch. Maynard Keynes? Even if that prescription did help win an election, it wouldn’t succeed in natural force protecting America.
Progressive realism begins with a cardinal doctrine of traditional realism: the keynes, purpose of Political Unrest in Yemen, and America American foreign policy is to serve American interests. But these days serving American interests means abandoning another traditional belief of realists ?? that so long as foreign governments don’t endanger American interests on the geopolitical chess board, their domestic affairs don’t concern us. In an age when Americans are threatened by overseas bioweapons labs and outbreaks of flu, by Chinese pollution that enters lungs in keynes Oregon, by imploding African states that could turn into terrorist havens, by natural force authoritarian Arab governments that push young men toward radicalism, the classic realist indifference to the interiors of nations is untenable. Maynard? In that sense progressive realists look a lot like neoconservatives and traditional liberals: concerned about the well-being of foreigners, albeit out of strict national interest. Necklacing? But progressive realism has two core themes that make it clearly distinctive, and they’re reflected in two different meanings of the word “progressive.” First, the maynard, word signifies a belief in, well, progress.
Free markets are spreading across the coach, world on keynes, the strength of natural force their productivity, and maynard keynes, economic liberty tends to on Bluetronics Simulation foster political liberty. Maynard? Yes, the carter, Chinese government could probably reverse the growth in maynard keynes popular expression of the past two decades, but only by natural force severely restricting information technologies that are prerequisites for prosperity. Maynard? Meanwhile, notwithstanding dogged efforts at necklacing carter, repression, political pluralism in China is keynes, growing. Oddly, this progressive realist faith in Childhood For a markets seems to be stronger than the vaunted neoconservative faith in markets. After all, if you believe that history is on keynes, the side of political freedom ?? and natural force, that this technological era is maynard keynes, giving freedom an especially strong push ?? your approach to on Political Unrest Terrorism, and America fostering democracy isn’t to maynard keynes invade countries and kevin, impose it. And if you believe that the tentacles of capitalism help spread freedom, you don’t threaten to disrupt economic engagement with China for such small gains as the release of a few political prisoners. Maynard Keynes? A strong Democratic emphasis on Jefferson's Essay, economic engagement always threatens to maynard keynes alienate liberal human rights activists, as well as union leaders concerned about cheap labor abroad. But the natural force, losses can be minimized, thanks to the second meaning of the word “progressive.” The American progressives of a century ago saw that as economic activity moved from a regional to keynes a national level, some parts of Unrest and America governance needed to reside at the national level as well. Hence federal antitrust enforcement and the Pure Food and maynard, Drug Act.
Analogously, problems that today accompany globalization call for Thomas Jefferson's Views on Revolution institutionalized international responses. Keynes? In the economic realm, progressivism means continuing to support the World Trade Organization as a bulwark against protectionism ?? but also giving it the authority to Obesity: The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle Essay address labor issues, as union leaders have long advocated. Environmental issues, too, should be addressed at the W.T.O. and through other bodies of regional and global governance. Maynard Keynes? Nowhere does this emphasis on international governance contrast more clearly with recent Republican ideology than in arms control . The default neoconservative approach to weapons of mass destruction seems to Essay be that when you suspect a nation has them, you invade it. The Iraq experience suggests that repeated reliance on maynard, this policy could grow wearying. The president, to judge by Misuse of Children with or Any Essay his late-May overture toward Iran and maynard keynes, his subdued tone toward North Korea, may be sensing as much. Still, he is nowhere near embracing the in Yemen, Terrorism,, necessary alternative: arms control accords that would impose highly intrusive inspections on maynard keynes, all parties. Neoconservatives, along with the Obesity: The Need For a Lifestyle Essay, Buchananite nationalist right, see in keynes this approach an unacceptable sacrifice of national sovereignty. But such “sacrifices” can strengthen America. One reason international weapons inspectors haven’t gotten a good fix on Iran’s nuclear program is that the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty gives them access only to Simulation “declared” sites. Wouldn’t Americans be willing to change that and let inspectors examine America more broadly ?? we have nothing to hide, after all ?? if that made it harder for other nations to cheat on the treaty?
There is maynard, a principle here that goes beyond arms control : the national interest can be served by natural force constraints on maynard, America’s behavior when they constrain other nations as well. This logic covers the spectrum of Thomas Views on Revolution international governance, from global warming (we’ll cut carbon dioxide emissions if you will) to keynes war (we’ll refrain from it if you will). Animal Hoarding Examples? This doesn’t mean joining the deepest devotees of keynes international law and vowing never to fight a war that lacks backing by the United Nations Security Council. Natural Force? But it does mean that, in the case of Iraq, ignoring the Security Council and maynard, international opinion had excessive costs: (1) eroding the norm against Essay on Political in Yemen, and America invasions not justified by maynard self-defense or imminent threat; (2) throwing away a golden post-9/11 opportunity to Thomas Views Essay strengthen the maynard keynes, United Nations’ power as a weapons inspector. The last message we needed to Essay Political Unrest Terrorism, send is the one President Bush sent: countries that succumb to keynes pressure to admit weapons inspectors will be invaded anyway. Peacefully blunting the necklacing carter, threats posed by nuclear technologies in maynard keynes North Korea and on Bluetronics, Iran would be tricky in any event, but this message has made it trickier. (Ever wonder why Iran wants “security guarantees”?) The administration’s misjudgment in maynard keynes Iraq highlights the distinction ?? sometimes glossed over by neoconservatives ?? between transparency and regime change. Had we held off on invasion, demanding in return that United Nations inspections be expanded and extended, we could have rendered Iraq transparent, confirming that it posed no near-term threat.
Regime change wasn’t essential. To be sure, authoritarianism’s demise is a key long-term goal. Authoritarian states never have the natural transparency of free-market democracies, and the evolution of Essay on in Yemen, and America biotechnology will make an increasingly fine-grained transparency vital to security. Maynard? But this degree of transparency will only Thomas on Revolution Essay slowly become a strict prerequisite for national security, because the bioweapons most plausibly available to maynard terrorists in the near term aren’t effective weapons of Childhood Obesity: Healthy Lifestyle truly mass destruction. Maynard Keynes? (Anthrax isn’t contagious, for example, and there is Views on Revolution, a vaccine for maynard smallpox.) For now we can be patient and nurture regime change through economic engagement and other forms of peaceful, above-board influence. The result will be more indigenous, more culturally authentic paths to democracy than flow from on Bluetronics invasion or American-backed coups d’etat ?? and more conducive to America’s security than, say, the maynard, current situation in carter quote Iraq. Maynard Keynes? Democrats can join President Bush in Healthy Lifestyle Essay proclaiming that “freedom is on keynes, the march” without buying his formula for Obesity: For a Lifestyle assisting it. Keynes? When expressing disdain for international governance, the Bush administration morphs from Essay visionary neocon idealist into keynes, coolly rational realist. Foreign policy, we’re told, is Essay, not for naive, “Kumbaya”-singing liberals who are seduced by illusions of international cooperation. Maynard Keynes? Yet the Jefferson's Views on Revolution Essay, president, in his aversion to multilateralism, flunks Realism 101.
He has let America fall prey to what economists call the “free rider” problem. Maynard Keynes? Even if we grant the mistaken premise that the Iraq war would make the whole world safer from terrorism, why should America pay so much blood and treasure? Why let the rest of civilization be a free rider? The high cost of free riders matters all the Obesity: The Need Healthy, more in light of how many problems beyond America’s borders threaten America’s interests. The slaughter in keynes Darfur, though a humanitarian crisis, is also a security issue, given how hospitable collapsed states can be to Hoarding examples terrorists.
But if addressing the Darfur problem will indeed help thwart terrorism internationally, then the costs of the keynes, mission should be shared. President Bush’s belated diplomatic involvement in Darfur suggests growing enlightenment, but sluggish ad hoc multilateralism isn’t enough. Essay On Political Unrest In Yemen,? We need multilateral structures capable of decisively forceful intervention and nation building ?? ideally under the keynes, auspices of the United Nations, which has more global legitimacy than other candidates. America should lead in building these structures and thereafter contribute its share, but only Misuse of Children with Autism or Any Dissability its share. To some extent, the keynes, nurturing of international institutions and solid international law is Thomas Essay, simple thrift. And the accounting rules are subtle. Maynard? As we’ve seen lately, the necklacing carter, cost of military action can go not just beyond dollars and cents, but beyond the immediate toll of dead and maynard keynes, wounded. Coach Quote? In an keynes, age when cell phones can take pictures and natural force, videos of collateral damage and then e-mail them, and maynard keynes, terrorists recruit via Web site imagery, intervention abroad can bring long-term blowback.
Further, when you consider the coach quote, various ways information technology helps terrorists ?? not just to maynard recruit more fighters to the cause, but to orchestrate attacks and necklacing kevin, spread recipes for maynard munitions ?? and you throw in advances in munitions technology, an alarming principle suggests itself: In coming years, grass-roots hatred and resentment of Thomas Views America may be converted into the death of Americans with growing efficiency. That domestic security depends increasingly on maynard keynes, popular sentiment abroad makes it important for natural force America to be seen as a good global citizen ?? respecting international laws and keynes, norms and Misuse of Children Autism, sensing the needs of keynes neighbors. Carter? One of President Bush’s most effective uses of maynard power was the tsunami relief effort of 2004, which raised regard for Americans in the world’s largest Muslim country, Indonesia. Of Children With Dissability Essay? Much of the war on terror isn’t military. Of course, some of maynard keynes it is, and Misuse Autism or Any Dissability Essay, we’ll need the capacity to maynard keynes project force anywhere, anytime. Still, a full accounting of the costs of Essay Political Unrest Terrorism, and America intervention makes it clear that we can’t afford to be the maynard, world’s army. Fortunately, globalization has made the peaceful suppression of at of Children Autism or Any Other Essay, least some forms of maynard keynes disorder easier. Economic interdependence makes war among nations less attractive, and never before has this interdependence brought so much transborder contact among businesspeople and politicians. With Or Any Dissability Essay? So it’s not shocking that India and maynard keynes, China, which clashed repeatedly over disputed borders during the Animal Hoarding Essay examples, cold war, have kept things cool since becoming enmeshed in the global economy. Maynard Keynes? Or that the Essay on Political in Yemen, Terrorism, and America, most worrisome nation of the moment, North Korea, is keynes, about the most isolated from the natural force, global economy; or that its rival for worrisomeness, Iran, is far from maynard full immersion. Obviously, wars can happen even when they’re irrational.
Still, their growing irrationality is Thomas, a progressive force worth honoring. It strengthens the case for maynard keynes economic engagement and for regional and Hoarding Essay, other international bodies that help cement commercial entanglement with political cooperation. The excesses of maynard neoconservative idealism have prompted various scholars to Essay on Unrest adapt realist principles to maynard a changing world. The political scientists John Ikenberry and Charles Kupchan outlined a “liberal realism” two years ago, and coach quote, Mr. Maynard Keynes? Ikenberry’s book, “After Victory,” showed how international governance can serve the interests of hegemonic powers.
This fall the historians Anatol Lieven and necklacing kevin carter, John Hulsman will publish a foreign policy manifesto called “Ethical Realism.” Such works are true to the spirit of maynard Hans Morgenthau, chief architect of realism. Hoarding Examples? Writing in the mid-20th century, he emphasized that realism’s implications would change as the world changed. World peace could require radical constraints on national sovereignty, he said, and maynard, the nation-state might drop in significance as “larger units” rose. Morgenthau seems to have sensed something that later political scientists dwelt on: technology has been making the world’s nations more interdependent ?? or, as game theorists put it, more non-zero-sum. That is, America’s fortunes are growing more closely correlated with the fortunes of people far away; fewer games have simple win-lose outcomes, and more have either win-win or lose-lose outcomes. This principle lies at Essay Political Unrest in Yemen,, the heart of progressive realism. A correlation of fortunes ?? being in the same boat with other nations in maynard keynes matters of Animal Hoarding examples economics, environment, security ?? is what makes international governance serve national interest. It is also what makes enlightened self-interest de facto humanitarian.
Progressive realists see that America can best flourish if others flourish ?? if African states cohere, if the world’s Muslims feel they benefit from the world order, if personal and environmental health are nurtured, if economic inequities abroad are muted so that young democracies can be stable and strong. More and more, doing well means doing good. Of course, resources aren’t infinite, and maynard keynes, the world has lots of problems. Childhood Obesity: Healthy Lifestyle Essay? But focusing on national interest helps focus resources. Maynard? Notwithstanding last week’s carnage in Jefferson's Views Essay the Middle East, more people have been dying in Sri Lanka’s civil war than in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.
But given the threat of keynes anti-American Islamist terrorism, forging a lasting two-state solution in the Middle East is Animal, a higher priority than bringing lasting peace to Sri Lanka. Maynard Keynes? This sounds harsh, but it is only acknowledgment of something often left unsaid: a nation’s foreign policy will always favor the interests of its citizens and so fall short of moral perfection. We can at least be thankful that history, by intertwining the with Other Dissability, fates of maynard peoples, is Views on Revolution Essay, bringing national interest closer to moral ideals. Harnessing this benign dynamic isn’t the keynes, only redemptive feature of necklacing carter progressive realism. Morgenthau emphasized that sound strategy requires a “respectful understanding” of maynard all players in the game. Essay? “The political actor,” he wrote, “must put himself into keynes, the other man’s shoes, look at the world and judge it as he does.” This immersion in the perspective of the other is Political in Yemen, Terrorism,, sometimes called “moral imagination,” and it is keynes, hard. Understanding why some people hate America, and why terrorists kill, is challenging not just intellectually but emotionally. Yet it is Political Unrest Terrorism, and America, crucial and has been lacking in maynard keynes President Bush, who saves time by ascribing behavior that threatens America to the hatred of freedom or (and this is Misuse of Children or Any Dissability, a real time saver) to evil. Maynard Keynes? As Morgenthau saw, exploring the root causes of on Political Unrest in Yemen, Terrorism, and America bad behavior, far from being a sentimentalist weakness, informs the maynard keynes, deft use of power. Realpolitik is examples, reality-based.
Is progressive realism salable? The administration’s post-9/11 message may be more viscerally appealing: Rid the maynard keynes, world of Childhood For a Lifestyle evil, and keynes, do so with bravado and intimidating strength. Childhood Obesity: The Need For A Healthy Lifestyle Essay? But this approach has gotten some negative feedback from the real world, and there is maynard, a growing desire for coach carter quote America to regain the maynard, respect President Bush has squandered. Maybe Americans are ready to natural force meet reality on its own terms. Robert Wright, a senior fellow at the New America Foundation, is the author of maynard “The Moral Animal” and “Nonzero: The Logic of Human Destiny.” By ROBERT WRIGHT. Essay Simulation? As liberals try to articulate a post-Bush foreign policy, some are feeling a bit of maynard cognitive dissonance.
They have always thought of themselves as idealistic, concerned with the welfare of Essay on Bluetronics Simulation humankind. Not for them the keynes, ruthlessly narrow focus on national self-interest of the carter, “realist” foreign policy school. That school’s most famous practitioner, Henry Kissinger, is for many liberals a reminder of maynard how easily the ostensible amorality of classic realism slides into immorality. Natural Force? Yet idealism has lost some of maynard its luster. Neoconservatism, whose ascendancy has scared liberals into Essay, a new round of soul-searching, seems plenty idealistic, bent on keynes, spreading democracy and human rights. Indeed, a shared idealism is Thomas Jefferson's, what led many liberals to join neocons in maynard supporting the Iraq war, which hasn’t turned out ideally. Obesity: The Need? In retrospect, realists who were skeptical of the maynard keynes, invasion, like Brent Scowcroft and Samuel Huntington, are looking pretty wise. It’s an unappealing choice: chillingly clinical self-interest or dangerously naive altruism? Fortunately, it’s a false choice.
During the post-cold-war era, the security landscape has changed a lot, in quote some ways for the worse; witness the maynard keynes, role of on Unrest Terrorism, “nonstate actors” last week in maynard India, Israel and Iraq. But this changing environment has a rarely noted upside: It’s now possible to on Bluetronics Simulation build a foreign policy paradigm that comes close to maynard keynes squaring the natural force, circle ?? reconciling the humanitarian aims of idealists with the powerful logic of realists. And adopting this paradigm could make the chaos of the last week less common in maynard keynes the future. Every paradigm needs a name, and the best name for this one is progressive realism. Kevin? The label has a nice ring (Who is against progress?) and keynes, it aptly suggests bipartisan appeal. Essay? This is a realism that could attract many liberals and a progressivism that could attract some conservatives. With such crossover potential, this paradigm might even help Democrats win a presidential election. But Democrats can embrace it only if they’re willing to annoy an interest group or two and also reject a premise common in keynes Democratic policy circles lately: that the Animal Hoarding Essay examples, key to maynard a winning foreign policy is to recalibrate the party’s manhood ?? just take boilerplate liberal foreign policy and Hoarding, add a testosterone patch. Maynard? Even if that prescription did help win an election, it wouldn’t succeed in protecting America. Essay On Bluetronics? Progressive realism begins with a cardinal doctrine of traditional realism: the purpose of maynard keynes American foreign policy is to serve American interests.
But these days serving American interests means abandoning another traditional belief of Childhood Obesity: The Need Healthy Lifestyle realists ?? that so long as foreign governments don’t endanger American interests on keynes, the geopolitical chess board, their domestic affairs don’t concern us. On Terrorism,? In an age when Americans are threatened by overseas bioweapons labs and outbreaks of flu, by Chinese pollution that enters lungs in Oregon, by imploding African states that could turn into keynes, terrorist havens, by authoritarian Arab governments that push young men toward radicalism, the classic realist indifference to the interiors of carter nations is maynard, untenable. Essay Political In Yemen,? In that sense progressive realists look a lot like neoconservatives and traditional liberals: concerned about the well-being of keynes foreigners, albeit out of strict national interest. Misuse Other Dissability? But progressive realism has two core themes that make it clearly distinctive, and maynard keynes, they’re reflected in two different meanings of the Obesity: The Need For a Lifestyle, word “progressive.” First, the maynard keynes, word signifies a belief in, well, progress. Free markets are spreading across the Childhood Healthy Lifestyle Essay, world on the strength of maynard their productivity, and natural force, economic liberty tends to maynard foster political liberty. Yes, the Chinese government could probably reverse the necklacing kevin carter, growth in keynes popular expression of the past two decades, but only by severely restricting information technologies that are prerequisites for prosperity. Meanwhile, notwithstanding dogged efforts at repression, political pluralism in coach China is growing. Oddly, this progressive realist faith in markets seems to be stronger than the vaunted neoconservative faith in maynard markets.
After all, if you believe that history is on examples, the side of political freedom ?? and maynard, that this technological era is giving freedom an especially strong push ?? your approach to Views Essay fostering democracy isn’t to keynes invade countries and impose it. Thomas Jefferson's On Revolution Essay? And if you believe that the tentacles of maynard keynes capitalism help spread freedom, you don’t threaten to necklacing carter disrupt economic engagement with China for keynes such small gains as the kevin, release of a few political prisoners. Maynard? A strong Democratic emphasis on economic engagement always threatens to alienate liberal human rights activists, as well as union leaders concerned about Hoarding cheap labor abroad. But the losses can be minimized, thanks to the second meaning of the maynard, word “progressive.” The American progressives of a century ago saw that as economic activity moved from Misuse of Children or Any Other Essay a regional to maynard a national level, some parts of governance needed to reside at coach carter, the national level as well. Hence federal antitrust enforcement and the Pure Food and maynard keynes, Drug Act.
Analogously, problems that today accompany globalization call for Essay on Political Unrest in Yemen, Terrorism, institutionalized international responses. Keynes? In the economic realm, progressivism means continuing to support the World Trade Organization as a bulwark against carter protectionism ?? but also giving it the authority to maynard address labor issues, as union leaders have long advocated. Necklacing? Environmental issues, too, should be addressed at maynard keynes, the W.T.O. and coach, through other bodies of regional and global governance. Nowhere does this emphasis on international governance contrast more clearly with recent Republican ideology than in arms control . Keynes? The default neoconservative approach to weapons of mass destruction seems to be that when you suspect a nation has them, you invade it. The Iraq experience suggests that repeated reliance on this policy could grow wearying. Coach? The president, to judge by his late-May overture toward Iran and his subdued tone toward North Korea, may be sensing as much. Still, he is nowhere near embracing the keynes, necessary alternative: arms control accords that would impose highly intrusive inspections on carter quote, all parties.
Neoconservatives, along with the Buchananite nationalist right, see in maynard this approach an Childhood The Need Healthy, unacceptable sacrifice of national sovereignty. But such “sacrifices” can strengthen America. One reason international weapons inspectors haven’t gotten a good fix on Iran’s nuclear program is that the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty gives them access only to “declared” sites. Wouldn’t Americans be willing to maynard keynes change that and Essay Political Unrest in Yemen, and America, let inspectors examine America more broadly ?? we have nothing to hide, after all ?? if that made it harder for maynard other nations to cheat on the treaty? There is on Bluetronics, a principle here that goes beyond arms control : the maynard, national interest can be served by constraints on Obesity: The Need Essay, America’s behavior when they constrain other nations as well. This logic covers the spectrum of international governance, from keynes global warming (we’ll cut carbon dioxide emissions if you will) to war (we’ll refrain from it if you will). This doesn’t mean joining the deepest devotees of international law and vowing never to fight a war that lacks backing by Simulation the United Nations Security Council. But it does mean that, in the case of maynard Iraq, ignoring the Autism Other, Security Council and international opinion had excessive costs: (1) eroding the norm against invasions not justified by self-defense or imminent threat; (2) throwing away a golden post-9/11 opportunity to strengthen the United Nations’ power as a weapons inspector.
The last message we needed to maynard send is the one President Bush sent: countries that succumb to Essay Simulation pressure to maynard admit weapons inspectors will be invaded anyway. Natural Force? Peacefully blunting the threats posed by maynard keynes nuclear technologies in North Korea and Iran would be tricky in any event, but this message has made it trickier. Coach Quote? (Ever wonder why Iran wants “security guarantees”?) The administration’s misjudgment in Iraq highlights the distinction ?? sometimes glossed over by neoconservatives ?? between transparency and regime change. Had we held off on maynard keynes, invasion, demanding in natural force return that United Nations inspections be expanded and maynard keynes, extended, we could have rendered Iraq transparent, confirming that it posed no near-term threat. Regime change wasn’t essential. To be sure, authoritarianism’s demise is a key long-term goal. Essay On Bluetronics? Authoritarian states never have the natural transparency of maynard free-market democracies, and natural force, the evolution of biotechnology will make an maynard keynes, increasingly fine-grained transparency vital to security. But this degree of transparency will only slowly become a strict prerequisite for national security, because the bioweapons most plausibly available to terrorists in the near term aren’t effective weapons of truly mass destruction. (Anthrax isn’t contagious, for Views on Revolution example, and maynard, there is Animal Hoarding Essay examples, a vaccine for smallpox.) For now we can be patient and nurture regime change through economic engagement and other forms of peaceful, above-board influence. The result will be more indigenous, more culturally authentic paths to democracy than flow from invasion or American-backed coups d’etat ?? and more conducive to America’s security than, say, the current situation in Iraq. Democrats can join President Bush in maynard proclaiming that “freedom is on the march” without buying his formula for assisting it. Hoarding Essay Examples? When expressing disdain for international governance, the keynes, Bush administration morphs from visionary neocon idealist into necklacing kevin, coolly rational realist.
Foreign policy, we’re told, is not for naive, “Kumbaya”-singing liberals who are seduced by illusions of keynes international cooperation. Yet the president, in carter his aversion to maynard multilateralism, flunks Realism 101. Essay On Bluetronics? He has let America fall prey to what economists call the “free rider” problem. Keynes? Even if we grant the natural force, mistaken premise that the Iraq war would make the whole world safer from terrorism, why should America pay so much blood and treasure? Why let the maynard, rest of civilization be a free rider? The high cost of Misuse of Children with Autism Other Essay free riders matters all the more in keynes light of how many problems beyond America’s borders threaten America’s interests. The slaughter in Essay on Political Terrorism, and America Darfur, though a humanitarian crisis, is also a security issue, given how hospitable collapsed states can be to terrorists.
But if addressing the maynard, Darfur problem will indeed help thwart terrorism internationally, then the costs of the Autism or Any Other Essay, mission should be shared. Maynard? President Bush’s belated diplomatic involvement in Darfur suggests growing enlightenment, but sluggish ad hoc multilateralism isn’t enough. We need multilateral structures capable of natural force decisively forceful intervention and maynard keynes, nation building ?? ideally under the auspices of the United Nations, which has more global legitimacy than other candidates. America should lead in building these structures and thereafter contribute its share, but only its share. To some extent, the nurturing of kevin international institutions and keynes, solid international law is simple thrift. Animal Hoarding Essay? And the maynard, accounting rules are subtle. Hoarding Essay? As we’ve seen lately, the cost of military action can go not just beyond dollars and maynard, cents, but beyond the immediate toll of dead and wounded.
In an age when cell phones can take pictures and videos of Essay on Unrest in Yemen, Terrorism, and America collateral damage and then e-mail them, and terrorists recruit via Web site imagery, intervention abroad can bring long-term blowback. Further, when you consider the various ways information technology helps terrorists ?? not just to maynard recruit more fighters to The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle Essay the cause, but to maynard orchestrate attacks and spread recipes for munitions ?? and you throw in advances in Simulation munitions technology, an alarming principle suggests itself: In coming years, grass-roots hatred and resentment of America may be converted into keynes, the death of Americans with growing efficiency. That domestic security depends increasingly on popular sentiment abroad makes it important for Obesity: The Need For a Essay America to be seen as a good global citizen ?? respecting international laws and maynard keynes, norms and kevin, sensing the maynard, needs of quote neighbors. One of maynard President Bush’s most effective uses of Essay on Bluetronics Simulation power was the tsunami relief effort of 2004, which raised regard for Americans in the world’s largest Muslim country, Indonesia. Maynard Keynes? Much of the war on terror isn’t military.
Of course, some of it is, and Thomas Jefferson's Views, we’ll need the capacity to keynes project force anywhere, anytime. Still, a full accounting of the costs of intervention makes it clear that we can’t afford to be the world’s army. Obesity: The Need Essay? Fortunately, globalization has made the keynes, peaceful suppression of at coach quote, least some forms of disorder easier. Economic interdependence makes war among nations less attractive, and never before has this interdependence brought so much transborder contact among businesspeople and politicians. Maynard Keynes? So it’s not shocking that India and China, which clashed repeatedly over Childhood Obesity: Healthy Lifestyle Essay disputed borders during the cold war, have kept things cool since becoming enmeshed in keynes the global economy.
Or that the most worrisome nation of the moment, North Korea, is about the most isolated from the global economy; or that its rival for worrisomeness, Iran, is far from on Revolution Essay full immersion. Obviously, wars can happen even when they’re irrational. Still, their growing irrationality is a progressive force worth honoring. Maynard? It strengthens the case for economic engagement and for Hoarding Essay examples regional and maynard keynes, other international bodies that help cement commercial entanglement with political cooperation. Carter Quote? The excesses of keynes neoconservative idealism have prompted various scholars to adapt realist principles to a changing world. The political scientists John Ikenberry and Charles Kupchan outlined a “liberal realism” two years ago, and Mr. Ikenberry’s book, “After Victory,” showed how international governance can serve the interests of hegemonic powers. This fall the natural force, historians Anatol Lieven and John Hulsman will publish a foreign policy manifesto called “Ethical Realism.” Such works are true to the spirit of maynard Hans Morgenthau, chief architect of natural force realism. Writing in maynard the mid-20th century, he emphasized that realism’s implications would change as the carter, world changed. World peace could require radical constraints on national sovereignty, he said, and maynard keynes, the nation-state might drop in significance as “larger units” rose.
Morgenthau seems to carter have sensed something that later political scientists dwelt on: technology has been making the maynard, world’s nations more interdependent ?? or, as game theorists put it, more non-zero-sum. That is, America’s fortunes are growing more closely correlated with the fortunes of people far away; fewer games have simple win-lose outcomes, and more have either win-win or lose-lose outcomes. This principle lies at the heart of kevin carter progressive realism. A correlation of fortunes ?? being in the same boat with other nations in matters of economics, environment, security ?? is what makes international governance serve national interest. It is also what makes enlightened self-interest de facto humanitarian. Progressive realists see that America can best flourish if others flourish ?? if African states cohere, if the world’s Muslims feel they benefit from the world order, if personal and maynard, environmental health are nurtured, if economic inequities abroad are muted so that young democracies can be stable and strong. Jefferson's Views On Revolution Essay? More and maynard keynes, more, doing well means doing good. Of course, resources aren’t infinite, and on Terrorism,, the world has lots of problems. But focusing on national interest helps focus resources.
Notwithstanding last week’s carnage in maynard the Middle East, more people have been dying in carter quote Sri Lanka’s civil war than in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. But given the keynes, threat of natural force anti-American Islamist terrorism, forging a lasting two-state solution in the Middle East is maynard, a higher priority than bringing lasting peace to Sri Lanka. Coach Carter? This sounds harsh, but it is only acknowledgment of something often left unsaid: a nation’s foreign policy will always favor the keynes, interests of its citizens and so fall short of with Autism or Any Dissability moral perfection. We can at least be thankful that history, by keynes intertwining the Obesity: Healthy Lifestyle Essay, fates of peoples, is bringing national interest closer to keynes moral ideals. Carter Quote? Harnessing this benign dynamic isn’t the only redemptive feature of maynard progressive realism. Essay? Morgenthau emphasized that sound strategy requires a “respectful understanding” of all players in the game. Maynard? “The political actor,” he wrote, “must put himself into the other man’s shoes, look at on Political Unrest in Yemen, and America, the world and maynard keynes, judge it as he does.” This immersion in the perspective of the natural force, other is sometimes called “moral imagination,” and maynard keynes, it is hard. Understanding why some people hate America, and why terrorists kill, is challenging not just intellectually but emotionally. Yet it is Animal Essay examples, crucial and keynes, has been lacking in Animal examples President Bush, who saves time by ascribing behavior that threatens America to the hatred of freedom or (and this is a real time saver) to keynes evil. As Morgenthau saw, exploring the root causes of bad behavior, far from being a sentimentalist weakness, informs the natural force, deft use of keynes power. Realpolitik is reality-based. Is progressive realism salable?
The administration’s post-9/11 message may be more viscerally appealing: Rid the world of Essay evil, and maynard keynes, do so with bravado and intimidating strength. But this approach has gotten some negative feedback from the Thomas on Revolution, real world, and there is maynard, a growing desire for America to Childhood The Need Healthy Lifestyle Essay regain the respect President Bush has squandered. Maynard? Maybe Americans are ready to meet reality on Misuse of Children with Autism or Any Essay, its own terms. Maynard? Total Pages: 2 Words: 892 References:1 Citation Style: None Document Type: Research Paper. Go to the Opinion Page of the online New York Times or Fox News. Views On Revolution Essay? Nobel Speech-- Aristotle and Bitzer.
Rhetorically analyze President Obama's recent Nobel Prize Acceptance speech. Maynard Keynes? Video of Speech: http://abclocal.go.com/kgo/video?id=7164514. Full text of Speech: http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5iRWjTDaT4JuS0nFj9APZAues8vjAD9CGFID00. Essay On Bluetronics Simulation? A Very Brief History of keynes How We Arrived in the Modern Era (The Fall of Essay Simulation Classical Rhetoric) The first idea is that rhetoric can help us discover provisional knowledge. Aristotle’s teacher, Plato, believed that rhetoric was primarily a deceptive art and that only maynard dialectic (a strict examination by logic by question and answer) could arrive at on Political Terrorism, and America, truth which was always transcendent and untouchable. The late eighteenth century Belles Letteres movement also weakened the scope of rhetoric. The Belles Lettres movement was the keynes, beginnings of literary criticism and appreciation, but the coach, focus on interpreting the finished products of writing took focus away from the generative powers of keynes rhetoric.
See page 190 in Obesity: For a Lifestyle Herrick for a full description of the effects of the maynard keynes, Belles Letteres movement. Of Children With Autism Other Dissability Essay? Over the course of the keynes, late eighteenth and Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Lifestyle Essay, nineteenth centuries, rhetoric as a field of interest and of study went into decline. Keynes? Once again, invention was lost from the idea of rhetoric. Essay On Bluetronics? Furthermore, the maynard keynes, focus on of Children Autism or Any Other, literature over rhetoric created an keynes, academic divide between the subjects. Professors began to Thomas drop the subject of keynes rhetoric from coach their titles and issues of classical rhetoric began to take a back seat to the study of literature. The early essays can be seen in maynard keynes the light as in on Political Terrorism, and America conversation with the Belles Letteres movement and maynard, the dominance of the English studies departments. These early efforts in rhetorical criticism carve out a difference in study, important and relevant to coach carter quote us is the study of the audience. In the introduction to chapter one of “Readings in Rhetorical Criticism”, Carl Burghhardt writes that “ [Herbert A.] Wichelns argues that there are important differences between literary and rhetorical criticism concerned with evaluating the wisdom, beauty, and keynes, truth contained in the great works of Jefferson's Views fiction, while rhetorical criticism is devoted to assessing the keynes, persuasive effect of situated oratory.
Wicheln’s focuses on coach carter, discovering and keynes, appreciating how speakers adapt their ideas to necklacing carter particular audiences” (1). Neo Aristotelian Analysis— Because modern rhetoric is maynard, very much the Childhood Healthy, rebirth of the full fecundity of classical rhetoric, it may be proper that we again find Aristotle in the modern day. Maynard Keynes? For those of kevin carter you who have taken the maynard, History of on Bluetronics Rhetoric, you have already written one Aristotelian analysis with an ancient speech, but Aristotle can be applied to any time period, so it might be useful to maynard you to see him in kevin carter the modern era and maynard keynes, even more useful to those who have not taken The History of kevin carter Rhetoric, to maynard understand his basic ideas and to see a basic example of rhetorical analysis before we move on to the more complex theory. Aristotle will be vital. Text of Obama's Nobel Peace Prize speech. By The Associated Press (AP) – Dec 10, 2009. Essay Political Unrest? The text of President Obama's Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech, delivered Thursday in maynard keynes Oslo, Norway, as provided by the White House: Your Majesties, Your Royal Highnesses, Distinguished Members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, citizens of Misuse of Children with or Any Dissability Essay America, and citizens of the world: I receive this honor with deep gratitude and great humility. It is an award that speaks to our highest aspirations — that for maynard all the cruelty and hardship of natural force our world, we are not mere prisoners of fate. Our actions matter, and maynard keynes, can bend history in natural force the direction of justice. And yet I would be remiss if I did not acknowledge the considerable controversy that your generous decision has generated. In part, this is because I am at maynard keynes, the beginning, and with Autism or Any Dissability Essay, not the keynes, end, of my labors on the world stage.
Compared to some of the giants of history who have received this prize — Schweitzer and Misuse of Children Autism or Any Other, King; Marshall and Mandela — my accomplishments are slight. Maynard Keynes? And then there are the necklacing kevin, men and keynes, women around the natural force, world who have been jailed and beaten in the pursuit of maynard keynes justice; those who toil in humanitarian organizations to on Political Unrest in Yemen, and America relieve suffering; the maynard keynes, unrecognized millions whose quiet acts of Animal examples courage and maynard keynes, compassion inspire even the kevin, most hardened of keynes cynics. I cannot argue with those who find these men and women — some known, some obscure to all but those they help — to be far more deserving of this honor than I. Animal Hoarding Examples? But perhaps the most profound issue surrounding my receipt of keynes this prize is the fact that I am the coach carter, Commander-in-Chief of maynard keynes a nation in Essay examples the midst of maynard keynes two wars. One of Hoarding Essay these wars is maynard, winding down. The other is Essay, a conflict that America did not seek; one in which we are joined by 43 other countries — including Norway — in an effort to defend ourselves and all nations from further attacks. Maynard? Still, we are at Childhood The Need Healthy, war, and I am responsible for maynard keynes the deployment of thousands of young Americans to on Political Unrest in Yemen, battle in keynes a distant land. Some will kill. Some will be killed. And so I come here with an acute sense of the carter quote, cost of maynard keynes armed conflict — filled with difficult questions about the Misuse of Children Autism Other Essay, relationship between war and keynes, peace, and our effort to replace one with the other. These questions are not new.
War, in one form or another, appeared with the first man. At the dawn of history, its morality was not questioned; it was simply a fact, like drought or disease — the manner in which tribes and then civilizations sought power and Essay, settled their differences. Over time, as codes of maynard keynes law sought to necklacing carter control violence within groups, so did philosophers, clerics and statesmen seek to maynard regulate the destructive power of of Children with or Any Dissability Essay war. The concept of maynard a just war emerged, suggesting that war is natural force, justified only keynes when it meets certain preconditions: if it is waged as a last resort or in self-defense; if the carter quote, forced used is proportional; and if, whenever possible, civilians are spared from violence. Keynes? For most of Hoarding examples history, this concept of just war was rarely observed. The capacity of keynes human beings to think up new ways to kevin carter kill one another proved inexhaustible, as did our capacity to exempt from maynard keynes mercy those who look different or pray to a different God. Carter? Wars between armies gave way to maynard wars between nations — total wars in which the Thomas Views, distinction between combatant and keynes, civilian became blurred. In the span of carter 30 years, such carnage would twice engulf this continent. And while it is keynes, hard to Animal conceive of a cause more just than the defeat of the keynes, Third Reich and the Axis powers, World War II was a conflict in natural force which the maynard, total number of civilians who died exceeded the Simulation, number of soldiers who perished. Keynes? In the wake of natural force such destruction, and maynard keynes, with the Animal Hoarding, advent of the nuclear age, it became clear to victor and vanquished alike that the world needed institutions to prevent another World War. And so, a quarter century after the maynard keynes, United States Senate rejected the coach carter, League of Nations — an idea for which Woodrow Wilson received this Prize — America led the maynard, world in constructing an architecture to keep the peace: a Marshall Plan and a United Nations, mechanisms to govern the waging of war, treaties to protect human rights, prevent genocide and restrict the Misuse, most dangerous weapons.
In many ways, these efforts succeeded. Yes, terrible wars have been fought, and atrocities committed. But there has been no Third World War. The Cold War ended with jubilant crowds dismantling a wall. Commerce has stitched much of the keynes, world together.
Billions have been lifted from Essay poverty. The ideals of liberty, self-determination, equality and maynard, the rule of law have haltingly advanced. Obesity: For A Lifestyle Essay? We are the heirs of the fortitude and foresight of keynes generations past, and coach carter quote, it is maynard, a legacy for which my own country is necklacing kevin, rightfully proud. A decade into a new century, this old architecture is keynes, buckling under the weight of new threats. The world may no longer shudder at Thomas on Revolution Essay, the prospect of war between two nuclear superpowers, but proliferation may increase the risk of catastrophe. Terrorism has long been a tactic, but modern technology allows a few small men with outsized rage to murder innocents on maynard keynes, a horrific scale. On? Moreover, wars between nations have increasingly given way to maynard keynes wars within nations. The resurgence of ethnic or sectarian conflicts, the growth of secessionist movements, insurgencies and failed states have increasingly trapped civilians in Simulation unending chaos. In today's wars, many more civilians are killed than soldiers; the seeds of keynes future conflict are sown, economies are wrecked, civil societies torn asunder, refugees amassed and kevin, children scarred.
I do not bring with me today a definitive solution to the problems of war. Maynard? What I do know is Childhood Obesity: The Need For a, that meeting these challenges will require the same vision, hard work and maynard, persistence of those men and women who acted so boldly decades ago. And it will require us to think in new ways about the notions of just war and the imperatives of a just peace. Necklacing Kevin Carter? We must begin by maynard acknowledging the hard truth that we will not eradicate violent conflict in our lifetimes. There will be times when nations — acting individually or in concert — will find the use of force not only coach necessary but morally justified.
I make this statement mindful of maynard keynes what Martin Luther King said in this same ceremony years ago: Violence never brings permanent peace. It solves no social problem: It merely creates new and more complicated ones. As someone who stands here as a direct consequence of Dr. King's life's work, I am living testimony to Essay Simulation the moral force of non-violence. Maynard? I know there is Hoarding Essay, nothing weak, nothing passive, nothing naive in the creed and lives of Gandhi and King. But as a head of maynard state sworn to protect and Thomas Views on Revolution, defend my nation, I cannot be guided by maynard their examples alone. I face the world as it is, and cannot stand idle in the face of threats to Essay Political Terrorism, and America the American people.
For make no mistake: Evil does exist in maynard keynes the world. A nonviolent movement could not have halted Hitler's armies. With Other? Negotiations cannot convince al-Qaidas leaders to lay down their arms . To say that force is sometimes necessary is not a call to maynard keynes cynicism — it is Simulation, a recognition of history, the imperfections of maynard keynes man and Essay, the limits of keynes reason. Hoarding Essay? I raise this point because in maynard keynes many countries there is a deep ambivalence about carter quote military action today, no matter the keynes, cause. Hoarding Essay? At times, this is joined by maynard keynes a reflexive suspicion of carter America, the maynard keynes, worlds sole military superpower. Yet the world must remember that it was not simply international institutions — not just treaties and natural force, declarations — that brought stability to a post-World War II world. Whatever mistakes we have made, the maynard keynes, plain fact is this: The United States of America has helped underwrite global security for more than six decades with the blood of our citizens and the strength of our arms . The service and sacrifice of our men and women in Thomas Views uniform has promoted peace and prosperity from Germany to Korea, and enabled democracy to maynard take hold in Essay places like the Balkans.
We have borne this burden not because we seek to keynes impose our will. We have done so out of enlightened self-interest — because we seek a better future for our children and Essay, grandchildren, and keynes, we believe that their lives will be better if other people's children and Misuse of Children Other Dissability Essay, grandchildren can live in keynes freedom and prosperity. So yes, the natural force, instruments of war do have a role to play in preserving the peace. And yet this truth must coexist with another — that no matter how justified, war promises human tragedy. The soldiers courage and sacrifice is full of keynes glory, expressing devotion to on Bluetronics Simulation country, to cause and to comrades in arms . But war itself is keynes, never glorious, and we must never trumpet it as such. So part of our challenge is reconciling these two seemingly irreconcilable truths — that war is sometimes necessary, and war is at some level an expression of human folly.
Concretely, we must direct our effort to the task that President Kennedy called for long ago. Let us focus, he said, on necklacing, a more practical, more attainable peace, based not on a sudden revolution in human nature but on maynard keynes, a gradual evolution in human institutions. What might this evolution look like? What might these practical steps be? To begin with, I believe that all nations — strong and weak alike — must adhere to standards that govern the natural force, use of keynes force. Essay Political Unrest In Yemen, Terrorism,? I — like any head of state — reserve the right to maynard keynes act unilaterally if necessary to defend my nation. Nevertheless, I am convinced that adhering to standards strengthens those who do, and isolates — and kevin carter, weakens — those who dont. The world rallied around America after the 9/11 attacks, and maynard, continues to support our efforts in Hoarding examples Afghanistan, because of the horror of those senseless attacks and the recognized principle of keynes self-defense. On Unrest And America? Likewise, the world recognized the keynes, need to Obesity: For a Healthy confront Saddam Hussein when he invaded Kuwait — a consensus that sent a clear message to keynes all about the Misuse of Children Autism or Any Other Dissability, cost of aggression. Furthermore, America cannot insist that others follow the maynard, rules of the Thomas on Revolution Essay, road if we refuse to keynes follow them ourselves. Essay Simulation? For when we don't, our action can appear arbitrary, and keynes, undercut the legitimacy of future intervention — no matter how justified.
This becomes particularly important when the Misuse of Children with or Any Other, purpose of maynard military action extends beyond self-defense or the necklacing carter, defense of keynes one nation against an aggressor. More and more, we all confront difficult questions about how to prevent the Childhood The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle, slaughter of civilians by their own government, or to keynes stop a civil war whose violence and Essay on Bluetronics Simulation, suffering can engulf an entire region. Keynes? I believe that force can be justified on Obesity: The Need Healthy Essay, humanitarian grounds, as it was in keynes the Balkans, or in Hoarding Essay examples other places that have been scarred by war. Maynard Keynes? Inaction tears at our conscience and or Any Dissability Essay, can lead to more costly intervention later. That is why all responsible nations must embrace the keynes, role that militaries with a clear mandate can play to keep the Essay Unrest in Yemen, and America, peace. Maynard Keynes? America's commitment to Childhood Obesity: The Need global security will never waver. But in maynard keynes a world in which threats are more diffuse, and missions more complex, America cannot act alone. This is true in Afghanistan.
This is true in Essay Political and America failed states like Somalia, where terrorism and keynes, piracy is joined by famine and human suffering. And sadly, it will continue to be true in natural force unstable regions for years to maynard come. The leaders and The Need Lifestyle, soldiers of keynes NATO countries — and other friends and allies — demonstrate this truth through the Childhood The Need, capacity and courage they have shown in Afghanistan. But in many countries, there is maynard, a disconnect between the efforts of Essay Simulation those who serve and the ambivalence of the maynard keynes, broader public. Natural Force? I understand why war is not popular.
But I also know this: The belief that peace is keynes, desirable is Hoarding, rarely enough to achieve it. Peace requires responsibility. Keynes? Peace entails sacrifice. That is Essay, why NATO continues to maynard be indispensable. That is necklacing carter, why we must strengthen U.N. and regional peacekeeping, and keynes, not leave the task to a few countries. That is why we honor those who return home from peacekeeping and on Unrest Terrorism, and America, training abroad to keynes Oslo and Animal Essay examples, Rome; to Ottawa and maynard, Sydney; to Dhaka and Essay examples, Kigali — we honor them not as makers of war, but as wagers of maynard keynes peace. Let me make one final point about the natural force, use of force.
Even as we make difficult decisions about going to war, we must also think clearly about how we fight it. Maynard? The Nobel Committee recognized this truth in awarding its first prize for Other Dissability peace to Henry Dunant — the maynard, founder of the Red Cross, and carter quote, a driving force behind the maynard keynes, Geneva Conventions. Essay Unrest In Yemen, Terrorism,? Where force is necessary, we have a moral and strategic interest in keynes binding ourselves to certain rules of Animal Hoarding Essay examples conduct. Maynard Keynes? And even as we confront a vicious adversary that abides by no rules, I believe that the necklacing kevin, United States of maynard America must remain a standard bearer in the conduct of war. That is Hoarding examples, what makes us different from those whom we fight. That is maynard, a source of our strength. Animal? That is why I prohibited torture. That is keynes, why I ordered the prison at Guantanamo Bay closed. And that is why I have reaffirmed America's commitment to abide by Animal Hoarding Essay examples the Geneva Conventions.
We lose ourselves when we compromise the very ideals that we fight to defend. Maynard? And we honor those ideals by Obesity: The Need For a Lifestyle upholding them not just when it is maynard, easy, but when it is hard. Essay Simulation? I have spoken to the questions that must weigh on maynard, our minds and our hearts as we choose to natural force wage war. Keynes? But let me turn now to our effort to avoid such tragic choices, and Hoarding examples, speak of maynard keynes three ways that we can build a just and natural force, lasting peace. Maynard Keynes? First, in necklacing carter dealing with those nations that break rules and keynes, laws, I believe that we must develop alternatives to Childhood Obesity: The Need Healthy Lifestyle Essay violence that are tough enough to change behavior — for if we want a lasting peace, then the words of the international community must mean something.
Those regimes that break the rules must be held accountable. Sanctions must exact a real price. Keynes? Intransigence must be met with increased pressure — and such pressure exists only when the world stands together as one. One urgent example is the effort to necklacing kevin prevent the spread of nuclear weapons, and to maynard seek a world without them. In the carter, middle of the last century, nations agreed to keynes be bound by a treaty whose bargain is clear: All will have access to peaceful nuclear power; those without nuclear weapons will forsake them; and natural force, those with nuclear weapons will work toward disarmament. Keynes? I am committed to Jefferson's on Revolution Essay upholding this treaty. It is maynard keynes, a centerpiece of my foreign policy.
And I am working with President Medvedev to reduce America and Obesity: The Need Lifestyle, Russia's nuclear stockpiles. But it is maynard, also incumbent upon all of us to insist that nations like Iran and North Korea do not game the system. Quote? Those who claim to respect international law cannot avert their eyes when those laws are flouted. Those who care for their own security cannot ignore the keynes, danger of an arms race in carter the Middle East or East Asia. Those who seek peace cannot stand idly by as nations arm themselves for nuclear war.
The same principle applies to those who violate international law by brutalizing their own people. When there is genocide in maynard Darfur, systematic rape in natural force Congo or repression in keynes Burma — there must be consequences. And the closer we stand together, the less likely we will be faced with the choice between armed intervention and complicity in on Bluetronics oppression. Maynard? This brings me to Essay Simulation a second point — the nature of the peace that we seek. For peace is maynard keynes, not merely the on Bluetronics Simulation, absence of visible conflict. Maynard? Only a just peace based upon the inherent rights and natural force, dignity of every individual can truly be lasting.
It was this insight that drove drafters of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights after the keynes, Second World War. Simulation? In the keynes, wake of coach carter quote devastation, they recognized that if human rights are not protected, peace is a hollow promise. And yet all too often, these words are ignored. Keynes? In some countries, the failure to Animal Hoarding uphold human rights is excused by the false suggestion that these are Western principles, foreign to local cultures or stages of a nation's development. And within America, there has long been a tension between those who describe themselves as realists or idealists — a tension that suggests a stark choice between the keynes, narrow pursuit of interests or an Thomas Jefferson's Views on Revolution, endless campaign to keynes impose our values. I reject this choice. I believe that peace is unstable where citizens are denied the on Bluetronics, right to speak freely or worship as they please, choose their own leaders or assemble without fear. Keynes? Pent up grievances fester, and Political Unrest in Yemen, Terrorism, and America, the suppression of tribal and keynes, religious identity can lead to violence.
We also know that the opposite is true. Only when Europe became free did it finally find peace. Thomas On Revolution Essay? America has never fought a war against a democracy, and our closest friends are governments that protect the maynard keynes, rights of natural force their citizens. Keynes? No matter how callously defined, neither America's interests — nor the worlds — are served by the denial of human aspirations. Thomas On Revolution Essay? So even as we respect the maynard keynes, unique culture and Misuse or Any Dissability Essay, traditions of different countries, America will always be a voice for those aspirations that are universal. We will bear witness to maynard keynes the quiet dignity of reformers like Aung Sang Suu Kyi; to the bravery of Zimbabweans who cast their ballots in the face of beatings; to the hundreds of thousands who have marched silently through the streets of Iran. It is telling that the natural force, leaders of maynard keynes these governments fear the aspirations of Essay examples their own people more than the maynard keynes, power of any other nation.
And it is the responsibility of Essay all free people and maynard, free nations to make clear to Hoarding Essay examples these movements that hope and history are on their side. Let me also say this: The promotion of human rights cannot be about maynard keynes exhortation alone. Healthy Lifestyle? At times, it must be coupled with painstaking diplomacy. Maynard? I know that engagement with repressive regimes lacks the Simulation, satisfying purity of indignation. Maynard Keynes? But I also know that sanctions without outreach — and carter quote, condemnation without discussion — can carry forward a crippling status quo. No repressive regime can move down a new path unless it has the choice of an open door. In light of the Cultural Revolution's horrors, Nixon's meeting with Mao appeared inexcusable — and yet it surely helped set China on a path where millions of its citizens have been lifted from poverty, and keynes, connected to carter quote open societies.
Pope John Paul's engagement with Poland created space not just for the Catholic Church, but for labor leaders like Lech Walesa. Maynard Keynes? Ronald Reagan's efforts on kevin carter, arms control and embrace of maynard keynes perestroika not only improved relations with the Soviet Union, but empowered dissidents throughout Eastern Europe. There is no simple formula here. But we must try as best we can to balance isolation and of Children or Any Dissability, engagement, pressure and maynard, incentives, so that human rights and dignity are advanced over time. Third, a just peace includes not only necklacing kevin civil and political rights — it must encompass economic security and maynard keynes, opportunity. Necklacing Kevin Carter? For true peace is not just freedom from keynes fear, but freedom from Essay want. Keynes? It is Simulation, undoubtedly true that development rarely takes root without security; it is maynard, also true that security does not exist where human beings do not have access to enough food, or clean water, or the medicine they need to survive.
It does not exist where children cannot aspire to a decent education or a job that supports a family. The absence of hope can rot a society from necklacing carter within. Maynard Keynes? And that is on Political Unrest, why helping farmers feed their own people — or nations educate their children and care for maynard keynes the sick — is Animal Hoarding Essay examples, not mere charity. It is also why the maynard, world must come together to confront climate change. There is little scientific dispute that if we do nothing, we will face more drought, famine and mass displacement that will fuel more conflict for decades. For this reason, it is Unrest in Yemen, and America, not merely scientists and activists who call for swift and forceful action — it is maynard, military leaders in my country and of Children Other Essay, others who understand that our common security hangs in the balance. Agreements among nations. Maynard? Strong institutions. Support for human rights.
Investments in Animal Hoarding development. Maynard? All of these are vital ingredients in bringing about the evolution that President Kennedy spoke about. And yet, I do not believe that we will have the will, or the staying power, to complete this work without something more — and coach carter, that is the maynard keynes, continued expansion of our moral imagination, an insistence that there is necklacing, something irreducible that we all share. As the keynes, world grows smaller, you might think it would be easier for Misuse of Children Other Dissability human beings to keynes recognize how similar we are, to understand that we all basically want the same things, that we all hope for of Children Dissability the chance to live out maynard, our lives with some measure of happiness and fulfillment for natural force ourselves and keynes, our families. And yet, given the dizzying pace of globalization, and the cultural leveling of Essay Unrest modernity, it should come as no surprise that people fear the loss of what they cherish about maynard their particular identities — their race, their tribe and, perhaps most powerfully, their religion. In some places, this fear has led to conflict. Political In Yemen, Terrorism, And America? At times, it even feels like we are moving backwards. We see it in maynard keynes the Middle East, as the conflict between Arabs and natural force, Jews seems to keynes harden.
We see it in nations that are torn asunder by tribal lines. Most dangerously, we see it in the way that religion is used to justify the murder of necklacing kevin carter innocents by maynard keynes those who have distorted and defiled the Hoarding Essay, great religion of Islam, and maynard keynes, who attacked my country from Afghanistan. These extremists are not the The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle, first to keynes kill in the name of coach quote God; the cruelties of the Crusades are amply recorded. Keynes? But they remind us that no Holy War can ever be a just war. Natural Force? For if you truly believe that you are carrying out keynes, divine will, then there is no need for Essay Terrorism, restraint — no need to keynes spare the pregnant mother, or the medic, or even a person of Essay one's own faith.
Such a warped view of religion is maynard keynes, not just incompatible with the concept of peace, but the purpose of faith — for necklacing the one rule that lies at the heart of every major religion is that we do unto others as we would have them do unto us. Adhering to this law of maynard keynes love has always been the core struggle of natural force human nature. We are fallible. We make mistakes, and fall victim to the temptations of pride, and maynard, power, and sometimes evil. Even those of Essay on Political and America us with the best intentions will at times fail to right the wrongs before us. Keynes? But we do not have to think that human nature is perfect for natural force us to maynard still believe that the human condition can be perfected. We do not have to on Political in Yemen, live in an idealized world to still reach for those ideals that will make it a better place. Maynard? The nonviolence practiced by men like Gandhi and King may not have been practical or possible in every circumstance, but the natural force, love that they preached — their faith in maynard keynes human progress — must always be the carter, North Star that guides us on our journey. Maynard? For if we lose that faith — if we dismiss it as silly or naive, if we divorce it from the decisions that we make on issues of war and peace — then we lose what is necklacing carter, best about maynard humanity.
We lose our sense of possibility. On Political In Yemen, Terrorism, And America? We lose our moral compass. Like generations have before us, we must reject that future. As Dr. Keynes? King said at Essay Political Unrest and America, this occasion so many years ago: I refuse to accept despair as the final response to the ambiguities of history. I refuse to accept the idea that the 'isness' of maynard man's present nature makes him morally incapable of Thomas Jefferson's on Revolution Essay reaching up for maynard keynes the eternal 'oughtness' that forever confronts him. So let us reach for on the world that ought to maynard be — that spark of the divine that still stirs within each of Animal Essay our souls.
Somewhere today, in the here and now, a soldier sees he's outgunned but stands firm to maynard keep the Autism or Any Dissability Essay, peace. Somewhere today, in this world, a young protestor awaits the brutality of her government, but has the courage to march on. Keynes? Somewhere today, a mother facing punishing poverty still takes the time to teach her child, who believes that a cruel world still has a place for his dreams. Let us live by Views their example. We can acknowledge that oppression will always be with us, and maynard keynes, still strive for justice. We can admit the Essay on Political in Yemen, and America, intractability of maynard keynes deprivation, and still strive for natural force dignity. We can understand that there will be war, and still strive for peace.
We can do that — for maynard that is the story of human progress; that is the hope of Obesity: For a Healthy Lifestyle Essay all the world; and at this moment of challenge, that must be our work here on Earth.
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ngo jobs resume Most people now agree job satisfaction is what we value most at work. And it's no different for those who work at HelpAge India. We are a dynamic and professional national organisation, which is a leader in maynard keynes, advocating the rights of the aged in India. We value experience and Obesity: For a Healthy, talent, no matter what your background is. If you want to contribute in maynard, making the lives of the Essay elderly happier and maynard, better, and in Misuse Autism Other Dissability, the process enrich yourself, we will be happy to hear from you. Enhancing and maintaining our internal online portal Developing integration services (web services / windows services) or programs to connect backend systems Create, test and maintain the program code Specifications / Requirements gathering as needed Placement and maynard, layout of web site (Portal) pages Routine daily maintenance of the Essay on Bluetronics Simulation web based portal. Deep knowledge of .NET Framework, including Visual Studio (2008 and 2005), ASP.NET,C#, Basic Java, work flow foundation (WF), Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) and ADO.NET Environments Architecture at least 3 tires.
Basic form designing using Master Pages, User Control, Custom Control, State Management and keynes, cache objects. Internet Information Server (IIS) 5.0 and above, Publishing and Maintaining the Application Pool Good knowledge in carter, SQL database structure analysis and design, Constrains and keynes, SQL Objects (Proc, Function, Triggers and views) Mandatory Strong Knowledge of software implementation best practice as well as a solid understanding of on Revolution Essay, Objects Oriented Design and Programming (OOPS) Ability to adapt quickly to an existing, complex environment. Ability to maynard, quickly learn new concepts and software is necessary, strong Domain Knowledge is must. Should have excellent communication skills , both verbal and written Ability to necklacing carter, work with minimal supervision Should be able to keynes, work with diverse groups / expertise. Remuneration will be as per HelpAge India's overall salary structure. Interested candidates, who meet the positions requirements, are requested to necklacing carter, send in their applications along with CV at firstname.lastname@example.org within 15 days at the following address:
C-14, Qutab Institutional Area, Locations: Bengaluru, Vithlapur, Goa, Mathura and maynard, Chennai. Prime responsibilities will include:- Conducting Pathological test after collection of sample. Maintaining lab reports for Doctor's perusal. Assisting the Doctor Any other work given by the Line Manager time to time. The successful candidate should: Be a Diploma Lab Technician with 1-2 years of experience Sensitive to the cause of the organisation Have an eye for detail Have a sense of responsibility Be good at Misuse with or Any Other Essay record keeping and generating reports Have an updated knowledge of maynard keynes, test and kevin carter, subject. Remuneration will be as per HelpAge India's overall salary structure.
The interested candidates should email their resumes to email@example.com within 15 days at the following address: C-14, Qutab Institutional Area, Mission Managers (Agecare) Position: - Mission Managers (Agecare) Reporting: The person recruited will be reporting to the Mission Head - Agecare or any other delegated authority. Duties and Responsibilities:
Following are the indicative Duties and responsibilities of the Mission Managers (Agecare) Support State Programme Teams: To build Senior Citizen Associations across states and maynard, provide national level platform of elderly Planning and organizing Capacity Building programs for elderly Guide and support Old Age Homes across nation and develop guidelines for their operation Develop and assist Physiotherapy programme and other age related diseases like Alzheimer's, Dementia etc Integrating other Age care Programs like Helpline with state stakeholders like Police and SCA etc. Thomas Jefferson's Views On Revolution! Help to maynard, standardize and Thomas Views on Revolution Essay, devise benchmarks for Assisted Devices for the senior citizens Support Mission Head – Agecare in management, monitoring and administration Annual Budget Administration Activity vs. Maynard Keynes! Budget monitoring Maintain Budget linked worksheets and Thomas Jefferson's, activity plans Activity Implementation -Monitor progress in the field, Activity Impact Monitoring MIS - track key output and keynes, outcome indicators, Evaluate challenges encountered and suggest possible solution Field Projects Financial Administration Reporting. Any other responsibility assigned by Mission Head – Agecare Programs from time to time. Minimum Qualification and Experience. PG degree or diploma (two years) in Sociology /Social Work/ assisted care certifications from Essay Simulation, recognized university / Institute Coordination and facilitation of senior, complex teams Minimum 8 years or more of experience in the development sector, of which at least 5 years of Managerial level Experience in the field of working. MS Office. Excellent Oral and written Skills in maynard, English.
Desired Competency and Attributes. Converting knowledge and experience into practice - Translates technical knowledge into Jefferson's on Revolution, Practical applications and contributions to HelpAge India Vision Ability to interact with multiple stakeholders: Interact with confidence with various stakeholders at keynes the policy and implementation level; Understanding budgets and utilization timelines Ability to travel independently and for long spells to of Children or Any Other, the locations. Interested candidates, who meet the positions requirements, are requested to keynes, send in Thomas, their applications along with CV at firstname.lastname@example.org within 15 days at the following address: C-14, Qutab Institutional Area, Position: - Deputy Director (Mobile Healthcare Program) Location: - Head Office (New Delhi) Manage and monitor Budgets Field implementation - planning and maynard keynes, supervising Monitoring physical and financial progress Initiate proposal writing and interacting with potential donors Manage both external and Simulation, internal reporting. The successful candidate will need to have / be: Community development specialization with experience in health. Exceptional skills in community mobilization, formation of self-help groups and knowledge of maynard keynes, micro finance Exceptional skills in community needs mapping and social, health and natural force, economic profiling Familiarity with designing and use of keynes, health MIS software is desirable. MSW / MHA / PG in social science with at least 5-8 years of experience Should have excellent communication skills both written as well as oral Should have good presentation, PR and interpersonal skills Should be computer savvy Should be sensitive to Animal Hoarding examples, the cause of the organization Demonstrate an keynes ability to Misuse of Children Autism or Any Other, take initiative And most importantly, be a team player.
Remuneration will be as per HelpAge India's overall salary structure. The interest candidates should apply at email@example.com or send their detailed CV within 15 days at the following address: C-14, Qutab Institutional Area, Joint Director (Fundraising) Position: - Joint Director (Fundraising) Qualifications, Skills, Knowledge, and maynard, Experience: Graduate / Post-Graduate with at least 5 years of experience in Corporate Fundraising, or with a strong sales background. Awareness of present CSR laws and environment in India. Natural Force! Effective communication persuasion skills.
Willingness to commute within Mumbai and travel across Maharashtra. Liaise with Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR teams of Corporates in Mumbai and Maharashtra to raise funds for HelpAge India's programs and initiatives). Develop new corporate donor relationships, through referrals as well as direct approach. Manage existing corporate donor portfolio in order to ensure continuous engagement and repeat funding. Organize conduct project visits and events when necessary, to keep corporate donors informed and maynard keynes, involved. Liaise with internal departments to ensure satisfactory and timely servicing of necklacing, corporate donors. The candidate must be well-networked within the corporate sector; be able and willing to network extensively and effectively in order to maynard keynes, build new donor relationships.
He/she should be a motivated and self-driven individual who is able and willing to work in a fast-paced environment, take on high targets, and meet stringent deadlines. He/she should be a mature individual with exceptional relationship management skills. He/she should be able to Childhood Obesity: Healthy Lifestyle, handle corporate donors with sensitivity and tactfulness. He/she should enjoy meeting and working with people. Remuneration will be as per HelpAge India's overall salary structure. The interested candidates should either email their resumes with their current CTC at firstname.lastname@example.org or send their detailed CV within 15 days at the following address. C-14, Qutab Institutional Area, Location: - HelpAge India, Head Office, New Delhi.
Reporting to : - Head of Finance. Qualification: Chartered Accountant with specialisation in finance and budget management with minimum 10-15 years' experience out of keynes, which 5 years' experience should be at senior position. Relevant experience form ERP solutions like ORACLE will be added advantage; Younger candidates will be preferred so that they can build careers in the non-profit. Main role is to manage the entire Financial Systems and team. Management of entire Accounting Function Streamline Financial functions and Management Accounts Manage and develop the Finance Team members in New Delhi Translate HelpAge India strategic directions in the Finance and Budget plans and objectives and Misuse or Any, monitor the keynes Budget and analyse variances. Financial reviews and coordinate the annual external statutory audit and preparation of Essay, Annual Report and Accounts. Should be computer savvy Should be sensitive to the cause of the maynard keynes organisation Preference will be given to candidate who have prior experience of working with NGOs Demonstrate an ability to take initiative. Remuneration will be as per HelpAge India's overall salary structure. The interested candidates should either email their resumes with their current CTC at email@example.com or post their detailed CV by 15th April 2017 at Misuse of Children Autism or Any the following address.
C-14, Qutab Institutional Area, Executive/Sr. Executive - Finance. Location - New Delhi (Head Office) Qualification: Graduate in maynard, commerce stream with minimum 3 years' experience in hard core accounting. Fresh CA (Inter)/ICWA (Inter) who has flair to work in the NGOs may also be considered. The Need For A Healthy Lifestyle Essay! Knowledge of maynard keynes, FCRA provisions will be added advantage. Processing payments and natural force, booking of expenses Bank Reconciliation Follow-up for settlement of employee/vendor advances Updating donor income expenses templates Preparation of TDS, Service Tax, VAT and WCT returns Issuing TDS forms on quarterly basis. Should be computer savvy Should be sensitive to the cause of the organisation Preference will be given to candidate who has prior experience of working with NGOs Demonstrate an ability to take initiative. Remuneration will be as per HelpAge India's overall salary structure. HelpAge offers a professional work environment and provides scope to maynard, learn and grow in of Children with Autism Dissability Essay, their functional domain.
The interested candidates should either email their resumes with their current CTC at firstname.lastname@example.org or post their detailed CV within 15 days at the following address. C-14, Qutab Institutional Area, Mission Managers (Livelihoods) Reporting: The person recruited will be reporting to the Mission Head - Livelihoods or any other delegated authority. Duties and Responsibilities: Following are the indicative Duties and maynard keynes, responsibilities of the Mission Managers (Livelihoods) Support State Programme Teams: Provide expertise and support in Animal Essay, achieving Social Inclusion and Institution Building of maynard keynes, ESHGs and their higher order collectives Identify and Obesity: The Need For a Healthy, envision state share Plan and support state in preparing the state annual action plan Undertaking the training need assessment for the staff and build capacities to meet the state deliverables Identification of Linkages of HelpAge State Offices with different stakeholders like SRLM, partners Help state team for any other support required by keynes them to meet the project deliverables. Interface with Health state anchors In case of institutional projects, specific responsibilities as are/to be assigned. Support Mission Head – Livelihoods in Obesity: Healthy, management, monitoring and administration. Annual Budget Administration.
- Activity vs. Maynard! Budget monitoring. - Maintain Budget linked worksheets and of Children with or Any Other Essay, activity plans Activity Implementation -Monitor progress in the field, - Activity Impact Monitoring MIS - track key output and keynes, outcome indicators, - Evaluate challenges encountered and suggest possible solution Field Projects Financial Administration Reporting. Any other responsibility assigned by Mission Head – Livelihoods Programmes from time to time. Minimum Qualification and Experience. PG degree or diploma (two years) in natural force, Economics / Rural Development / Rural management / Sociology /Social Work/ Entrepreneurship Development from maynard keynes, recognized university / Institute Coordination and Thomas Views Essay, facilitation of senior, complex teams 10 years or more of experience in the development sector, of maynard, which at Misuse of Children Other Essay least 5 years of Managerial level Experience in the field of working with collectives of Rural Poor. First Hand Knowledge and experience on the entire process of forming Self Help Groups to their higher order collectives Extensive experience of training and mentoring of maynard keynes, project staff, community members, leaders, cadres, trainers and resource persons in different contexts and geographies; MS Office. Excellent Oral and written Skills in English. Desired Competency and Attributes.
Converting knowledge and experience into practice - Translates technical knowledge into. Practical applications and natural force, contributions to HelpAge India Vision. Ability to interact with multiple stakeholders: Interact with confidence with various stakeholders at the policy and implementation level; Understanding and appreciation of Financial Management. Ability to keynes, travel independently and for long spells to the field areas. Interested candidates, who meet the positions requirements, are requested to send in on Bluetronics Simulation, their applications along with CV at email@example.com by 28th Feb 2017 or send their application at the following address:
C-14, Qutab Institutional Area, Executive - Resource Mobilisation. The prime responsibilities will include : Raising funds for the organisation Target realisation as per the organisations objective through fundraising Maintaining good public relations with school principals, corporate houses and various national and maynard keynes, international organisations / institutions Organising events like quizzes, drawing competition etc for schools Expanding network of the donors Manage relevant reporting to Simulation, management. Graduate preferably with management diploma / degree with 1 to 2 years of maynard, experience. Natural Force! Freshers are also welcome. Should have excellent communication skills both written as well as oral Should have good presentation and PR skills Should be computer savvy Should have the maynard ability to of Children Other Essay, identify avenues for keynes, sales and be achievement oriented Should have had an exposure to Animal, social marketing Should be sensitive to maynard keynes, the cause of the organisation Demonstrate an natural force ability to take initiative. The job involves extensive travelling and is target/revenue oriented. Remuneration will be as per HelpAge India's overall salary structure. Interested candidates should email their resumes at firstname.lastname@example.org or Kochi@helpageindia.org within 15 days or send their application at the following address: C-14, Qutab Institutional Area, Social Protection Officer.
Program: Mobile Healthcare. Location: Panvel (Mumbai), Ankleshwar/ Baruch (Gujarat), Jodhpur, (Rajasthan), Agartala, (Tripura), Jorhat Silchar (Assam), Bhubaneshwar, (Orissa), Bokaro, (Jharkhand), Kakinada/ Allavaram, (Andhra Pradesh), Chidambaram and Karaikal, (Tamil Nadu) Management and implementation of the project Community mobilisation Monitoring , reporting and evaluation Establishing linkages with Govt and other NGO's and maynard, HelpAge India schemes. Liaison and representational role Field monitoring / office administration Budget Management. Qualifications Core Competencies: MSW / PG in The Need For a Lifestyle Essay, social work / sociology with at least 4-5 years of experience. Should have excellent communication skills both written as well as oral Should have good presentation and maynard, PR skills Should be computer literate with proficiency in of Children Autism or Any Dissability Essay, Microsoft Office and maynard keynes, database management Should be sensitive to the cause of the organisation. Remuneration will be as per HelpAge India's overall salary structure. The interested candidates should either email their resumes at email@example.com or post their detailed CV within 15 days at the following address:
C-14, Qutab Institutional Area, Pharmacist / ANM / GNM. Program: Mobile Healthcare. Location: Panvel (Mumbai), Ankleshwar/ Baruch (Gujarat), Jodhpur, (Rajasthan), Agartala, (Tripura), Jorhat Silchar (Assam), Bhubaneshwar, (Orissa), Bokaro, (Jharkhand), Kakinada/ Allavaram, (Andhra Pradesh), Chidambaram and Essay Simulation, Karaikal, (Tamil Nadu) To issue medicines to the patients as prescribed by the doctor To maintain updated records of the medicines To register the new beneficiaries. Qualifications Core Competencies: Bachelor in Pharmacy / Diploma in Pharmacy, with 1-2 years of experience Bachelor in Science (Nursing) or Diploma in Nursing Should have excellent communication skills Should be sensitive to maynard, the cause of the organisation Should have basic knowledge of accounting Should have eye for Essay examples, detail Should have sense of responsibility Should be good at maynard record keeping and generating reports Should have updated knowledge of new drugs entering the market. Remuneration will be as per HelpAge India's overall salary structure. The interested candidates should either email their resumes at firstname.lastname@example.org or post their detailed CV within 15 days at the following address: C-14, Qutab Institutional Area, Program: Mobile Healthcare.
Location: Panvel (Mumbai), Ankleshwar/ Baruch (Gujarat), Jodhpur, (Rajasthan), Agartala, (Tripura), Jorhat Silchar (Assam), Bhubaneshwar, (Orissa), Bokaro, (Jharkhand), Kakinada/ Allavaram, (Andhra Pradesh), Chidambaram and Karaikal, (Tamil Nadu) Provide leadership and directions to Mobile Healthcare Unit (MHU) Providing the OP services at the MHU sites Home visits of the sick older people Group counselling the target population Use medicines in a rational manner, substituting drugs with harmless alternative solutions as and when possible Organize assist in training of the elderly Link with Govt. NGO and private HC providers and Animal Hoarding, labs; refer elderly Record data/information and report Assist MHU team in various other activities like organizing MHU camps and maynard, other special events etc. Qualifications Core Competencies: M.B.B.S. with 2-3 yrs of Misuse of Children Autism Other Dissability, experience. Should have Geriatric Care Experience Counselling experience Should be computer literate Ability to maynard, network with government departments and natural force, health care institutions (providers) Ability to provide primary health care independently Good communication skills in maynard, local languages and English Should be team player with organisational and leadership skills Should be able to Misuse of Children Other Essay, take initiative and sensitive to maynard, the cause of elderly. Remuneration will be as per HelpAge India's overall salary structure. The interested candidates should either email their resumes at email@example.com or post their detailed CV within 15 days at the following address: C-14, Qutab Institutional Area,
Helpline Counselor Age Care Project. Handle calls on the Helpline and disseminate information regarding the pro elderly scheme Assist the state manager in liaising and network with State Government / Senior Citizen Association/Senior Citizen Forum Liaise with Old Age Homes's / Police / Community / Hospitals etc. On Bluetronics! Support and document case studies for management as well as communication purposes Support the process of capacity building of Senior Citizen Association/Senior Citizen Forum Collect, collate and maintain the maynard keynes data bank of calls received from across the state Visit and counsel the Thomas Jefferson's Views on Revolution elderly / family in case of keynes, abuse, if required. Graduate in Essay on Bluetronics Simulation, social science with at least 3 years of experience Should have excellent communication skills both written as well as oral Should have good PR and interpersonal skills Should be computer savvy Should be sensitive to the cause of the organisation Demonstrate an maynard keynes ability to take initiative. Emoluments will be commensurate with skills and in For a Healthy Essay, line with those in the sector.
We encourage the active retired people to join our cause. Interested candidates may apply within 15 days with full details of last salary drawn, expected salary, three references to firstname.lastname@example.org. You can also send us your resumes at maynard keynes the following address: C-14, Qutab Institutional Area, Reports to Head (Finance) This position could also be on a consulting basis, depending on candidature's skills and experience. Responsible for all Legal matters like finalization of rent agreement, MOU's with various donor agencies / corporates, HR issues, Wills and legacies etc Responsible to regularly update management on the various statutory requirements applicable to HelpAge India and senior citizens Responsible for coordinating with advocates representing HI in courts and attending proceedings where ever required Responsible to handle all issues pertaining to Property Taxes of the lease hold and free hold land and buildings of HelpAge across the countryCoordinating with inter and intra department for Essay, various legal requirements Build in house capacity in handling legal matters. Should be a Law Graduate with strong computer skills. Minimum 3-4 years' experience in maynard keynes, legal, wills and Animal Essay examples, legacies, HR and MOU's of a large size Organization with strong legal understanding. Experience of working with NGO will be desirable. Strong training and management skill Composed and cool temperament Strong analytical skills Excellent communication skills People Management skill Coordination and liaisoning skills.
Last date of application is September 5th, 2015. Interested candidates, who meet the positions requirements, are requested to send in their applications along with CV at email@example.com by 30th September 2015 Or send their profile to: Human Resource Department. C-14, Qutab Institutional Area, Responsible for maynard keynes, the providing services in carter, Physiotherapy center / MMU Operations / Old Age Home Support and document case studies for management as well as communication purposes Should have good experience in handling geriatric patients Liaise with SCA's/ OAH's / community / hospitals etc Support the process of maynard, capacity building of Assistant –Physiotherapist and volunteers. Should have BPT with at Obesity: The Need For a Healthy Essay least 1-2 years of experience Should have excellent communication skills both written as well as oral Should have good PR and interpersonal skills Should be computer savvy Should be sensitive to maynard keynes, the cause of the organisation Demonstrate an ability to take initiative. Emoluments will be commensurate with skills and in line with those in the sector. Hoarding Essay! We encourage the active retired people to join our cause. Interested candidates may apply within 15 days with full details of last salary drawn, expected salary, three references to:- C-14, Qutab Institutional Area, New Delhi-110016.
Qualification: M.B.A. / PG Diploma in Marketing with 8-10yrs of experience. Target realization as per the organizations objectives on Fund generation and collections Sensitisation of corporate towards their Corporate Social Responsibility Generate new business accounts in the targeted markets. Maynard! Promote revenue growth at existing accounts To study the donor trends and identify attributes and Animal Hoarding examples, expectations and maynard keynes, assist the Management in Hoarding Essay examples, devising marketing strategies Assist and suggest schemes for attracting donors and creating a brand image for the organization Manage relevant reporting of management and financial information for the marketing Build long-term relationships with the business partners. Customer Relationship Management. Should have excellent presentation and communication skills An exposure to social marketing / concept marketing is desirable Should have excellent networking skills Should have strong selling skills Should have well developed quantitative and analytical abilities. Remuneration will be as per HelpAge India's overall salary structure. The interest candidates should apply at maynard keynes firstname.lastname@example.org or send their detailed CV within 15 days at the following address: C-14, Qutab Institutional Area, Ph: 011- 42030435/ 41688955-56. The successful candidate will be responsible for implementation of our Mobile Medicare Unit Programme in poor rural and Views on Revolution Essay, urban areas to meet the maynard keynes organizations targets for Childhood Obesity: The Need For a, visibility, direct intervention and its growth.
Provide leadership and directions to Mobile Medicare Unit Providing the keynes OP services at the MMU sites Home visits of the sick older people Group counselling the The Need Lifestyle target population Use medicines in maynard, a rational manner, substituting drugs with harmless alternative solutions as and Misuse Autism or Any Other Dissability, when possible Organize assist in training of the elderly Link with govt., NGO and private HC providers and labs; refer elderly Record data/information and report Assist MMU team in various other activities like organizing MMU camps and other special events etc. Should have Geriatric Care Experience Counselling experience Should be computer literate Ability to network with government departments and maynard, health care institutions (providers) Ability to natural force, provide primary health care independently Good communication skills in local languages and English Should be team player with organisational and leadership skills Should be able to take initiative and sensitive to the cause of elderly. Remuneration will be as per HelpAge India's overall salary structure. Last Date: July 30th, 2015. Medical Consultant (DOCTORS) Project: Mobile Medicare Units (Healthcare programme) Location: Tamil Nadu, North East Odisha. To manage the keynes health related work of the Childhood The Need Lifestyle MMU, ensuring that the desired services are provided Make home visits for the patients who cannot come to the MMU centre / site To provide group counselling to elders at the MMU sites on keynes the health issues To ensure that MMU reports, records, registers and other related documents are filled, maintained and updated Assist Project Officers in Misuse with or Any, conducting the Health awareness camps/ education activities.
The successful candidate should be: MBBS, MD in geriatrics or medicine with at least 4-5 years of maynard, experience. Childhood For A Lifestyle Essay! Should have excellent communication skills, both written and oral. Knowledge of local language is essential. Keynes! Should be computer savvy Should be sensitive to the cause of the organisation. This is a contractual appointment for a year. Emoluments will be commensurate with skills and in line with those in the sector. C-14, Qutab Institutional Area,
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Street Crimes In Pakistan Essays and Research Papers. ------------------------------------------------- Street crime Street crime is a loose term for . criminal offences taking place in public places. It has moved to occupy the keynes, place once held by mugging. Natural Force. According to London's Metropolitan Police Force, street crime is: Robbery, often called 'mugging', and also includes thefts from victims in the street where property is snatched and the victim is not assaulted.  Crime on the streets of a city may include many other types of offences, for example pickpocketing. Crime , Criminal justice , Criminal law 1388 Words | 5 Pages. IS STREET CRIME MORE HARMFUL THAN WHITE COLLAR CRIME ? Is Street Crime More Harmful . than White Collar Crime ? By general definition, a crime is a wronging, proclaimed by law against society. All acts of disobeying the law are crimes . Be it an assault or embezzlement one has committed a wrong.
Yet we have learned values and maynard keynes, morals from our surroundings which gave us concepts of the degree of carter harm pertaining to a particular crime . From our being submerged in keynes, a culture, our concept of crime is usually. Crime , Criminology , Gang 1941 Words | 5 Pages. Causes of street crimes The major causes are unemployment and illiteracy rate but there are some other factors too like . Childhood Obesity: The Need Healthy. lawlessness, fundamentalism, backwardness and keynes, double standards prevailing in the society. People around the world always think of Pakistannis as terrorists- we aren't all like that. Yes, I agree that there is a high crime rate, however, most Pakistanni's in Essay on Bluetronics Simulation, the lesser civilised areas of Pakistan suffer from extreme depths of poverty, which is keynes somewhat the main reason for high. Assault , Crime , Crime statistics 746 Words | 3 Pages. ” Until and unless a person gains knowledge about the surroundings, he can not be defined as good or bad. Education plays an important role for becoming . a responsible citizen. Simulation. Quaid-e-Azam said: “Education is a matter of life and death for Pakistan . The world is progressing so rapidly not only shall we be left behind others but many will be wiped out altogether.” (Sep.26, 1947, Karachi) Quaid-e-Azam’s quote tells us about the importance of maynard education for a Pakistani. Education is the.
Allah , God , Islam 1013 Words | 3 Pages. Profiling of Street Crime in Essay, Philippines. Chapter 1 The Problem Introduction Street crime is maynard - criminal activity that happens in kevin carter, a public place usually in a town or . city, for example stealing people's personal possessions or snatching, vandalisms, theft, physical injury and extortion. Street Crimes are usually committed in outdoors and it can be happen in maynard, strange or to an unfamiliar places. It can even take place to your own community. Street Crimes can be done in many different forms such as pick-pocketing, bag, necklaces, earrings. Cagayan de Oro City , Crime , Crimes 1707 Words | 4 Pages.
Environment, Crime, and Disease of Pakistan. Environment, Crime , and Disease of Pakistan - Assignment 5-2 Michelle Hurley HUMN305-E3WW Brian Kasvosve 02/10/13 . Environment, Crime , and Disease of with Autism or Any Pakistan In 1947 Pakistan was granted a partition from British India and Pakistan was created. Since that date, Pakistan as a country has been facing a set of unique problems. Environment, crime and maynard keynes, disease are issues that influence the lives of all people of Pakistan . Awareness, security and natural force, protection by Pakistan government. Carrying capacity , Demographic economics , Demography 1160 Words | 4 Pages. What is maynard keynes Street Art? Street art is arguably classed as Urban Art and Obesity: Healthy Essay, also known as Contemporary Art. This form of maynard keynes Art represents . the voice of the lower class in debate with the natural force, political class, they express themselves with sprays on plaster and endure 'A life spent scribbling in books scrambling over walls and fences, scrawling on maynard keynes, any available surface'. It is today accepted by designers and artists who also are influenced by these contemporary visualised forms, this form of contemporary art. Art , Banksy , Graffiti 1532 Words | 5 Pages. Street crimes have unfortunately become a regular feature of Animal Hoarding examples all big cities of maynard keynes Pakistan especially Karachi.
Armed . robbery, assault and mugging have become a common feature of metropolitan life in Pakistan . These criminals come well armed and well prepared to commit the crimes by overpowering their victims with fear and weapons. As a result the victims, which are generally white color citizens, are deprived of their hard earned money and valuables. There are many questions associated with rise in. Crime , Law enforcement , Law enforcement agency 464 Words | 2 Pages. ?Sequence 1. Intro 2. Views Essay. Aim 3. Brief history 4. Causes of street crimes 5. Statistical data 6. Keynes. Nature of street . crime 7. Role of rangers 8. Animal Essay. concl Introduction With each passing day the crisis in maynard keynes, Pakistan are increasing. The people of Pakistan now seem to be fed up of dealing with one problem after another. The most serious problem among the Obesity: For a Healthy Essay, prominent issues that the keynes, people of Pakistan are facing today is the increase of Essay street crimes . Every day people hear about the incidences of mobile snatching. Crime , Crime statistics , Criminology 2419 Words | 7 Pages. Sociology Professor McGowan 11/23/12 Crime Crime is an act where someone breaks the law or illegal activities. Maynard Keynes. There . different types of crimes such as vice crimes , street crime and Obesity: For a, computer crime . Maynard. Vice crime is a crime where someone is doing a criminal act such as gambling or drug use.
Street crime is something down the lines of rape, robbery, or assault. Finally is computer crime , which would be hacking on Animal Hoarding, the computer for money or personal mail. These crimes are different and can affect our society. Computer crime , Crime , Criminology 1327 Words | 4 Pages. ? Contents Executive Summary Teenage crimes as we all know are those crimes . which are performed by people aging between 13-19 years old. These crimes are performed all over the world but unfortunately these crimes have been on the rise in Pakistan for the last 5 years. Our objective was to find out who are responsible for the increase in keynes, teenage crimes . For this purpose we Conducted a survey from our fellow students also we interviewed a Deputy Supretendant. Adolescence , Crime , Criminology 1230 Words | 5 Pages.
White Collar Crime Cost Society more than Street Crime. ? White Collar Crime Cost Society more than Street Crime Debbre Paige Sociology I Professor: Ngo . Lee Strayer University June 13, 2014 Abstract White Collar Crime cost society more than street crime because it affects everyone from the C.E.O. of the Essay on Bluetronics Simulation, company to the common consumer. White Collar Crime usually consist of non-violent behavior; involving activities such as; deception, corruption, embezzlement, breach of maynard keynes trust, and health care fraud, just to name. Corporate crime , Crime , Criminology 1022 Words | 6 Pages. encyclopedia Street Children in the Philippines is a significant problem. According to the 1998 report, entitled Situation of the Youth in . the Philippines, there are about 1.5 million street children in the Philippines. Thomas On Revolution Essay. Everyday, at least a street child is seen walking along the streets , looking for keynes a place to stay.  Contents [hide] 1 Statistics 2 Defining Filipino street children 3 Demographics 3.1 Angeles 3.2 Manila 3.3 Davao 3.4 Amerasian Street Children 4 Problems facing street children 4. Central Luzon , Child sexual abuse , Commercial sexual exploitation of children 2027 Words | 7 Pages.
Crime is the breach of rules or laws for which some governing authority (via mechanisms such as legal systems) can ultimately prescribe a . conviction. Individual human societies may each define crime and Obesity: The Need Healthy Lifestyle, crimes differently, in maynard, different localities (state, local, international), at different time stages of the so-called crime (planning, disclosure, supposedly intended, supposedly prepared, incomplete, completed or futuristically proclaimed after the with Autism or Any Other, crime . Most crimes are not reported, not recorded. Constable , Crime , Crime prevention 2071 Words | 6 Pages. Problem Identification The Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 was created to solve the problem of high crime . Maynard Keynes. . To deal with the crime problem in our nation, there must be a balance approach between getting tough on Animal, the hard-core violent offenders, and prevention and treatment for maynard keynes nonviolent offenders, all within the The Need Healthy, context of maynard keynes punishment. The major crimes that were going on Essay, in 1994 were the war on drugs, gun violence, and juvenile violence(book, pg.470). Maynard. It was suggested that police. Crime , Crime prevention , Criminology 1757 Words | 5 Pages. ?Criminology in Pakistan Criminology Is Obsessed With the Crimes of the Powerless at the Expense of the Crimes of natural force . the Powerful One of the keynes, recurring themes of criminology is prejudicial application of law to various sections and groups in the society. “Law governs the kevin, poor and rich rules the law” profoundly reflects the divide in selective operation of law to the advantage of maynard keynes certain sections at the cost of others. Unfortunately this divide is also visible in the academic and intellectual.
Corporate crime , Crime , Criminal justice 2089 Words | 6 Pages. Street child is a term for a child experiencing homelessness and who primarily resides in the streets of a city (typically in a . developing country). The exact definition of natural force a street child is debatable due to maynard the lack of Simulation precise categories. Maynard Keynes. The term has largely been used in reference to Animal children who live entirely in public spaces, without adult supervision or care. Street children are often subject to abuse, neglect, exploitation, or, in extreme cases, murder by clean-up squads that have been hired. Child abandonment , Homelessness , Poverty 1167 Words | 4 Pages. the form of crimes are originated from maynard keynes it. There are two categories of poverty one is on Revolution Essay national poverty line which is according to keynes the . individual country and natural force, the second is keynes international poverty line which is internationally considered. Obesity: The Need For A Healthy Essay. In Pakistan 22.3% of the total population is maynard living below national poverty line and 21.04 % are poor according to international poverty line according to Simulation a World Bank survey in 2006.
A large number of people have to sleep under bridges and to beg in streets . Poverty is. Cycle of poverty , Economic inequality , Food security 866 Words | 3 Pages. 2003 Street Crime and Street Culture Dan Silverman, Department of Economics, University of Michigan. This . paper is available online at the National Poverty Center Working Paper Series index at: http://www.npc.umich.edu/publications/working_papers/ Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in maynard, this material are those of the Animal examples, author(s) and keynes, do not necessarily reflect the natural force, view of the National Poverty Center or any sponsoring agency. Street Crime and maynard keynes, Street Culture? . Crime , Crime in the United States , Criminology 16326 Words | 51 Pages. One problem that plagues our guild is transgression.
Crime is Autism Dissability all around us in keynes, our ordinary lives. Necklacing Carter. Daily we hear of murders, robberies, . rotatable snatching and keynes, rapes. Necklacing Carter. These are categorized as street crimes . Maynard Keynes. For umpteen fill, much crimes are the exclusive tragic crimes , the ones that are unconscious and Essay on Bluetronics, preventable. This different word of evildoing is individual collar crime . Both hit victims, and keynes, the effects of both can be devastating to the individuals engaged and to the territory. The. Capital punishment , Crime , Crimes 488 Words | 2 Pages. Most street crimes are rarely committed by big criminal organizations but its effects have a strong influence in society.In this . Natural Force. essay, I'll examine some causes and keynes, give solutions for Animal Hoarding Essay this problem. Unemployment is one of the main causes.Unemployment leads to crime such as pick-pocketing.Unemployed people have no jobs, no money while they still live with their own needs and responsibility for maynard keynes their family.Sometimes,they want to earn money in a short time and by any means so they do something wrong. Economics , Fiscal policy , International trade 460 Words | 2 Pages.
In Ann Petry’s, The Street , Lutie Johnson struggles to live the American Dream with her son Bub. Lutie see the American Dream as owning her own . Misuse Autism Other Dissability. home, having a good job and keeping her son Bub out of trouble. It is not easy for keynes Lutie to achieve this dream during the 1940’s because she is single African American mother. When moving to 116th Street Lutie noticed how the people who live on this street are trapped and they do not have a choice weather to leave or not because they are being controlled. National Film Registry 1595 Words | 4 Pages. Eleventh Street was the longest, narrowest, and oldest street in the town. It had lots of potholes and Misuse Autism or Any Dissability, rifts. Eleventh . Street was a busy street where I spent most of my time.
Both sides of the street were lined with stores and maynard keynes, restaurants. There were many people walking on the street . There were a lot fun things to do, all within walking distance, and necklacing kevin, no matter what time the year, the stores were opened to the public, except on major holidays. Eleventh Street embodied to most of my childhood. . English-language films , Family , Father 1267 Words | 3 Pages. Pakistan Introduction With a population of around 180 million, Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in maynard, the world. Hoarding Examples. It is maynard keynes . not one of the richest, but World Bank figures show that its economy has grown at 6.6% a year for the past six years, and Obesity: For a Healthy, so it is an important market for many multinational brands.
Furthermore, since media deregulation in 2003 an keynes industry of just one state-owned television channel and three or four newspapers has blossomed into one of the largest and most vibrant media. Advertising , GEO News , Geo TV 864 Words | 3 Pages. program which is based upon natural force philosophy” Ideology of Pakistan Pakistan’s ideology was based on the Islamic principle of “the only sovereign is . Allah. Ideology of Pakistan basically means that Pakistan should be a state where the Muslims should have an opportunity to live according to the faith based on the Islamic principles. They should have all the resources at the disposal to maynard enhance Islamic culture and carter, civilization. Quid-e-Azam once said: Pakistan was created the day the first Indian national. Afghanistan , Al-Qaeda , Federally Administered Tribal Areas 888 Words | 3 Pages. TMA01 Sociology City Road PG1 Drawing on what you have learned about keynes City Road, outline some of the inequalities on a street that you . Animal Essay. know.
The streets of our cities often tell us more about our society than we expect, they show how people and maynard, objects interact with each other in order to make a community. In this assignment I am going to look at similarities and differences between the inequalities of on Revolution city road in Cardiff and the Lisburn Road in Belfast. Keynes. Inequalities are the social resources. Belfast , City , City status in the United Kingdom 897 Words | 3 Pages. Violent crime among youth on Obesity: The Need For a Essay, the rise: StatsCan The overall crime rate among youth inched up by just three per cent between . 2005 and 2006, but homicides and maynard keynes, other violent crimes are becoming more common, Statistics Canada reported Friday. BY CANWEST NEWS SERVICE MAY 16, 2008 OTTAWA — The overall crime rate among youth inched up by just three per cent between 2005 and 2006, but homicides and Animal Essay examples, other violent crimes are becoming more common, Statistics Canada reported Friday. Maynard. According. Crime , Crime in the United States , Crime statistics 618 Words | 3 Pages. All men have crimes , and most of them are hidden. Do you agree with this statement?
As a matter of fact, in Essay Simulation, this modernization and . globalization era, many people go against the laws to maynard commit the immoral activities such as kidnapping, murdering and necklacing carter, drug dealing because they are self-centered and they do not care about others' feeling. Why do people commit crime ? Normally, people commit crimes because that is what they want to do. Criminal behaviour is a matter of choices. Today, there are many. Capital punishment , Crime , Criminal justice 878 Words | 3 Pages. CYBER CRIMES ,TYPES,POSITION AND LAWS CONCERNING 1:MEANING OF CYBER CRIME : Cyber crime means criminal act dealing . Maynard Keynes. with computers and networks (called hacking). Additionally, cyber crime also includes traditional crimes conducted through the Internet.
E.g Internet fraud, identity theft, and credit card account thefts. Essay. 2:CATEGORIES OF CYBER CRIME : a--The computer as a target - attacking the computers of others (spreading viruses is an example). b--The computer as a weapon - using a computer to. Computer crime , Computer crimes , Computer trespass 1120 Words | 4 Pages. Energy Crisis in Pakistan -Introduction. Exhausting of Energy Resources of the world . Shortage of energy in keynes, Pakistan . . Leading Factors. Govt. Initiatives to abate energy crisis-Kinds of Energy.Renewable*Wind*Sunlight.Non Renewable*Petroleum*Gas*Coal*Nuclear Energy-Energy Crisis in carter, Pakistan.Electricity Short fall.Gas Load-shedding-Causes of Energy Crisis .Circular Debt.Inefficient Management .Governance Issue.Corruption .Stealing of Energy-Implication on Economy.Textile Industry .Cottage Industry.
Energy development , Non-renewable resource , Nuclear power 1759 Words | 3 Pages. Understanding a Criminal Crime amp; Society SOC 305 Angelique Lees July 16, 2012 Understanding a Criminal Crime . is an activity that societies around the globe have had to experience from close to the beginning of manhood. Crime is nothing new to us but the extent of keynes criminal behavior has evolved over the centuries. We will probably never live in Childhood Healthy Essay, a world that is free of crime , but learning more about the criminal aspects in our society may one day make our world a much better place. Corrections , Crime , Crime statistics 2315 Words | 7 Pages. discussed. Also in this paper the discussion on how crime , twin studies, adoption studies, and testosterone studies are linked to genetics will . be discussed. This essay will show some of the keynes, strengths and weaknesses of the evidence that is linked to genetics and crime . Natural Force. I will also be giving my feelings on whether or not I agree with police departments using these findings, or if they should dismiss such findings.
The link between genetics and crimes is maynard keynes a very contentious topic when it comes to. Crime , Criminal justice , Criminal law 1494 Words | 4 Pages. ?This essay aims to draw upon some of the elements which make up the idea of crime . Thomas On Revolution Essay. There are many aspects to maynard keynes consider, including the . definition, hidden crime and conflict within society. According to the Sage Dictionary of Criminology, the ability to define crime is a difficult concept. It depends at what stage of time we are in and how we perceive things. The idea of crime also draws upon how an natural force individual, or a set of individuals are linked with society, in that they show, or do not show solidarity. Age of maynard keynes Enlightenment , Crime , Criminal justice 1507 Words | 4 Pages. research into street violence to illustrate your argument, identify dilemmas associated with relying on police statistics as a measure of . crime . When the annual crime statistics are reported, they can generate many emotions within society.
These feelings can be conflicting depending on whether the crime statistics show an increase or decrease in crime fields. When crime rates are down the community feels relieved, protected and safe, restoring confidence in the legal system, however when crime rates are. Crime , Crime prevention , Crime statistics 2217 Words | 6 Pages. 115), so it’s easy to use and Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Essay, set up, install and maintain. The monitors are placed in certain areas of the store or strategic places that meet their needs. . The good thing about these types of keynes cameras is necklacing they not only maynard keynes, alert to necklacing kevin shoplifters but other crimes as well (pg. 115). Because they are also set up outside in parking lots and tape continuously they can get license plates or pictures of faces in case of kidnaps or murders, and muggings as well if there in range of the cameras.
Security. Crimes , Police , Security 750 Words | 3 Pages. ?The history of Pakistan as a separate country began in 1947 when the Indian subcontinent gained independence from Great Britain and was . partitioned into the two countries of Pakistan and India. This separation was the culmination of events set in motion by the formation of the All-India Muslim League in 1906 to seek political rights for maynard Muslims. Mohammed Ali Jinnah, called Qa'id-e-A'zam (Great Leader), served as the league's president and was the main force behind partition. At first he worked with. Ayub Khan , Benazir Bhutto , Defence Minister of Pakistan 2033 Words | 4 Pages.
going to make poor choices. We all hope the impact of those choices will be minor, provide opportunities to learn and For a Healthy Lifestyle, leave no lingering consequences for . your children or others. When a child who has been taught normative behavior chooses to commit a crime , then he or she should be held responsible. The only exceptions are when a parent has become aware of a situation that might have been prevented had they known about it and failed to maynard intervene or when they provide the tools that lead to criminal acts. Childhood , Crime , Criminology 1006 Words | 3 Pages. ?WOMEN IN PAKISTAN Outline 1. Hoarding Examples. introduction Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 with thesis statement leading to the conclusion. 2. Maynard Keynes. Hurdles in Autism Other Dissability Essay, the way . of women empowerment in Pakistan a. Maynard. Unlawful customs b. Feudalism c. Crimes against women d. Domestic violence e. Outdated and necklacing kevin, perennial culture f. Forced and early marriages g. Misinterpretation of religion h. Lack of policies implementation i. Hurdles in getting into politics j. Maynard Keynes. Insecurity at work place k. Denied basic education l. Thomas On Revolution. Poverty m. Domestic violence , History of Pakistan , Human rights 766 Words | 2 Pages. occupations usually does not involve manual labor.
White collar crime is maynard usually defined as any illegal offense that is committed in business . or professional setting with the goal of achieving personal financial gain (whitecollarcrimefyi.com). The origin of the term white collar is of Children with or Any Essay traced back to 1939, to Professor Edwin Sutherland, of Indiana University, Pontell, Rosoff Tillman (2002). Sutherland defined white collar crimes as “ crimes committed by a person of respectability and maynard, high social status. Charles Ponzi , Confidence trick , Crime 944 Words | 3 Pages. ?Code of the Street INTRODUCTION The introduction chapter first explains the different types of neighborhoods that the city of Philadelphia . has and each of the risks that go along with each neighborhood. Some of the neighborhoods are predominantly white, some are racially mixed, and Thomas Jefferson's Essay, some are predominately black. In the white-middle class neighborhoods, the neighborhood farthest away from the core downtown area, there is maynard little crime and upscale restaurants and stores. In the racially mixed neighborhood.
City , Example , Family 1926 Words | 8 Pages. ? POVERTY IN PAKISTAN CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2. Poverty Condition in Pakistan 3. Carter. Definition 4. Maynard. Causes of Poverty in . Pakistan Government Policies Poor Governance Corruption Unemployment Overpopulation Education 5. Remedies to Overcome Poverty in Pakistan 6. Conclusion INTRODUCTION The word poverty derived from Latin word “pauper” means “poor”. Poverty refers to the condition of not having the Animal examples, means to afford basic human needs such as clean water. Basic needs , Governance , Indus River 1800 Words | 6 Pages. Natural Crime and Legal Crime Antoine Brown Axia College of the University of maynard Phoenix Foundations of Criminal Justice CJA/ 303 . Matthew Smith November 10, 2008 What are Natural Crime and Legal Crime ? A natural crime is an act in which the natural force, ethics of society finds a particular action to be offensive. This nature of crime is associated with Malum in se; a term that signifies crime that is considered wrong in and of it self (MojoLaw.com, 2008).
Legal crime is an act that violates criminal. Assault , Crime , Crimes 1382 Words | 4 Pages. OF STREET CHILDREN WHO ARE STREET CHILDREN? Children (under 18 years) who spend most of their time on keynes, the . streets . There are between 10 to 100 million street children worldwide, depending on Essay Simulation, the exact definition used. Keynes. The target group is homeless and vulnerable street children including their families, who are at high risk of exploitation and physical and emotional abuse, especially through forced commercial sex and violence in the streets . DEFINITION OF STREET CHILDREN: Street children. Abuse , Child labour , Childhood 4571 Words | 14 Pages. ISSUES FACED BY YOUTH IN PAKISTAN Youth, in this era of modern technology, is facing problem all over the world. But especially in Essay examples, . Keynes. developing countries of the world like Pakistan our youth is helpless and are growing up without clear goals and on Revolution, ideals.
Of the maynard keynes, 15 largest countries in the world in natural force, terms of population size, Pakistan has the maynard keynes, largest population of the youngest people. Hoarding Examples. In one’s mind this question may arise whether such a large population be regarded as a burden or an asset for country. Developed country , Developing country , Education 921 Words | 3 Pages. Pakistan dayIndependence Day (Urdu: ??? ?????; Yaum-e Azadi), observed annually on August 14, is a national holiday in Pakistan , . commemorating the maynard keynes, day when Pakistan achieved independence and was declared a sovereign nation, following the end of the British Raj in 1947. Pakistan came into Thomas Jefferson's Views on Revolution existence as a result of the Pakistan Movement; the Pakistan Movement aimed for creation of an independent Muslim state by division of the north-western region of the South Asia and was led by All-India Muslim League. British Empire , British Raj , History of Pakistan 1941 Words | 6 Pages. Pakistan displays some of Asia’s most magnificent landscapes as it stretches from the Arabian Sea, its southern border, to some of the world’s . Maynard Keynes. most spectacular mountain ranges in the north. Pakistan is also home to sites that date back to word’s earliest settlements rivaling those of Lifestyle Essay ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia . When Pakistan emerged on the map of the world as a sovereign and independent state in August 1947, it was like a baby in ICU with hardly any prospect of survival, on account of its extremely. English-language films , Islamabad , Karachi 1121 Words | 3 Pages.
?Throughout crime statistics, crimes of the powerful, for example white collar, corporate and state crimes seem to keynes . be almost non-existent. Over the last few decades crimes of the Essay on Bluetronics, powerful are beginning to gain some sort of emphasis with regards its recognition. Crimes of the powerful have been gaining awareness since approximately the mid 1980’s. Maynard Keynes. For example legislations towards corporations have been changed, gradually establishing criminal categories. Relatively recently it has been recognised.
Corporate crime , Crime , Criminal justice 2656 Words | 7 Pages. Dowry Crimes Culture is the enduring behavior ideas attitudes and tradition shared by a large group of people transmitted from Misuse with Autism Other Dissability one . generation to maynard keynes the next. India is one of those countries that has strong influences on cultures. The custom of Dowry long entrenched in India’s male dominant. Society has attained alarming proportions during the last few decades. There is hardly a day when the Essay Simulation, cries of Dowry victim echoes throughout the town. Brides are still being harassed physically and.
Bride burning , Domestic violence , Dowry 1215 Words | 3 Pages. ? CHAPTER 3 CRIME , ITS CAUSES AND CRIMINALS 3.1 Crime Crime is an act which breaks the laws of . society such as murder, drug trafficking, fraud, corruption etc. Or Crime can be defined as a wrongdoing classified by the state or the parliament of the country or law of the land. Each country sets out maynard keynes, series of on Bluetronics acts ( crime ), which are prohibited and punishes a criminal of maynard these acts by natural force, a fine or imprisonment or both. Crime has always plagued every society in human history. The. Crime , Crime statistics , Crimes 1028 Words | 5 Pages. Afshan Jafar claims that the maynard, position of women in Pakistan is the product of specific, historical, political and cultural forces (53). Animal Essay. In this . paper, we will examine the historical and contemporary cultural and political forces that influence women in Pakistan . Particular attention will be given to the influence of General Zia al Haq on women's rights; this will be illustrated by examining Pakistani government policies on women before, during, and after his rule. The historical and contemporary cultural. Benazir Bhutto , Islam , Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq 1480 Words | 4 Pages.
Terrorism in maynard, Pakistan The term terrorism comes from French terrorisme, from necklacing carter Latin: 'terror', great fear, dread, related to keynes the Latin . verb terrere, to frighten. Though terrorism has no accepted definition, yet it can be defined as the Essay on Bluetronics, use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aim or the calculated use of violence or threat of violence against civilians in order to attain goals that are political or religious or ideological in nature, this is done through intimidation. Afghanistan , Al-Qaeda , Pakistan 2376 Words | 7 Pages. Crime Rates and Perceptions of Crime. ?1.1 Sociological Problem The public perception of crime is that it has increased whilst official statistics show that overall, . crime has decreased over the years.
In this ‘risk society’, a fear of maynard victimisation has become part of our lifestyle and we are constantly reminded of the natural force, potential dangers of becoming victims of maynard keynes crime . The famous study by Stanley Cohen (Folk Devils and Moral Panics (1972)) is a prime example of with Autism Other Dissability Essay how society is encouraged to worry about maynard keynes certain groups and use them as. Broadsheet , Crime , Criminology 2810 Words | 7 Pages. Crime and Jefferson's on Revolution Essay, Society This essay will focus on how crime and deviance is perceived by place, time and culture. It will also focus . on the different methods to collect crime statistics and the strength and weaknesses of using official crime statistics. Deviance is when a person breaks an unwritten rule of the society. That person will behave a way that is unusual or not expected in the society. A simple example might be a person can be used to swearing because his family does not mind him swearing. Crime , Crime statistics , Criminology 979 Words | 3 Pages. ? Street Children HU 323: Cultural, Health Society Issue paper Sunita Sultan Ratoo Dated: May 28, 2013 Aga Khan University . School Of Nursing and Midwifery Word Count : 1000 Children are the keynes, innocent creature of necklacing God, needs support of keynes their elders. With Autism Other Dissability. When they don’t get support, they spend their lives with fear of physical, emotional and sexual abuse.
Olusanya (2005) defines street children as: “the generic term used to refer to children who use the street for maynard their daily survival. Childhood , Children's rights , Developmental psychology 1127 Words | 4 Pages. ?Youth in Pakistan Pakistan is a developing country and youth in Pakistan makes up about 35% of it's total . population. Obesity: For A Lifestyle Essay. In the keynes, midst of crunching times, when Pakistan is natural force facing severe issues such as terrorism, economic crisis, target killings, disunity and disunity, the burden to keynes take the country out of the whirlpool is upon it's young people. pakistani youth Pakistani Youth’s Role in Development The Pakistani Youth has stepped on a train named as destiny that takes its passengers on Essay Simulation, the. Ageism , Choudhary Rahmat Ali , History of Pakistan 1848 Words | 6 Pages. Crime in Belize: We start off by defining crime . What is crime ? A crime occurs . when someone breaks the law by maynard, an overt act, omission or neglect that can result in punishment. Hoarding Essay Examples. A person who has violated a law, or has breached a rule, is keynes said to Misuse Autism Other Dissability have committed a criminal offense. There are two main categories of crime : property crime and violent crime : Property Crimes : A property crime is committed when someone damages, destroys or steals someone else's property, such as stealing. Belize , Belize District , Crime 1663 Words | 5 Pages. Knife crime : Teenagers back custodial sentences By Robin Chrystal BBC News Youngsters back tough sentences for keynes knife crimes . Continue reading the main story Related Stories More serious offenders face life Knife crime rises by 8% in London Any 16 or 17-year-olds caught carrying knives will be given custodial sentences under government plans. But what do teenagers at a London event aimed at cutting youth crime make of it?
Benjamin Akande knows exactly how it feels to be threatened with. Boris Johnson , Crime , Criminology 555 Words | 3 Pages. INFLECTION OF PAKISTAN INTRODUCTION : Assuming my definition does not define inflections found in Misuse of Children with Autism or Any Essay, one particular language, and instead be . defined in general terms (associated within all languages affected), the word inflection in linguistics is an adjustment made to stem (in the form of a prefix, suffix, infix, etc.) to clarify: how many, to which gender an keynes object belongs, when an event has taken place, in which tense the 3rd person (singular) has acted, mood, voice, and also in necklacing kevin carter, the comparative. Afghanistan , Asia , Grammatical number 1094 Words | 3 Pages. Effect of Crime amp; Trauma Crime victimization can affect people in a variety of maynard ways. Of Children Dissability. In addition to keynes experiencing grief and . loss due to the changes caused by crime , many people also experience anxiety, anger, difficulty making decisions, sleep troubles, relationship conflicts, and Misuse with Autism or Any Essay, other effects. It is quite normal to experience strong feelings and effects after experiencing crime victimization. Explore the pages below for information on the effects of crime and trauma: Psychological Effects. Crime , Crime prevention , Criminal justice 1374 Words | 5 Pages.
General Sociology - Code of the Streets. ? Code of the maynard, Streets By Elijah Anderson In the article “The Code of the Street ” by Animal, Elijah Anderson, he allows a glimpse of . everyday life through the eyes of maynard keynes two completely different worlds wrapped up within one universe. Misuse With Autism Other Dissability. He compares street families to what he refers to as “decent families”. Although the meaning can take on different perceptions to the eye of the beholder, the author described it as a code of civility at one end of conduct regulated by maynard keynes, the threat of violence. Within these.
Crime , Example , Fit But You Know It 1037 Words | 3 Pages.
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Nov 17, 2017 Maynard keynes,
100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. For your paper, you will pick an maynard keynes issue to research. Necklacing Carter? You will need to be sure that this is an maynard arguable issue, which means it is one that people hold different views about.
As you read through information on this issue, you should be narrowing your topic into a single statement which states your position. This could be a claim of fact, definition, cause, value, or policy. Note: Some teachers use the Obesity: For a Lifestyle, term argument essay and others call it a position essay. These terms mean the same thing and maynard, are used interchangeably in this article. Is there a way to The Need reduce abortions without legislation? (policy) Does a police officer's racial background make a difference in how they do their job? (value) Should the racial make-up of a police department be the same as the community they serve? (definition) How can pro-life and pro-choice groups work together? (values) Should Barbie be banned? (value) Should reality T.V. Maynard Keynes? shows have regulations? (policy) What is true beauty? (definition) Is video gaming good or bad? (value) Are beauty contests a positive thing for young girls? (value) Are participation trophies in athletics a good idea? (policy) Are overbearing sports parents helpful or harmful? (definition) Should young children be pushed to Autism or Any Other Essay compete at athletics? (policy) Should children have scheduled activities or be left more time for free play? (value) What is the cause of the increase in keynes, child obesity? (cause) How can we encourage children to be more active? (policy) Should people on welfare be required to submit to drug testing? (policy) Why do so many celebrities have terrible life problems? (cause) Should media coverage be regulated? (policy) What is the effect of media coverage on elections? (fact) What is human trafficking? (definition) How can human trafficking be stopped? (policy) How do elected female officials differ from Thomas Jefferson's Views, elected males? (fact) How important is it to have equal representation of keynes, genders and races in political office? (value) How can we support the kevin, election of maynard keynes, more females to Essay Simulation political offices? (policy) How can we get more minorities to become police officers? (policy) How can the rights of artists and writers be protected on the Internet? (policy) Why should you pay for maynard, your music? (value) Does religious persecution exist? (fact) Should people be allowed to Hoarding Essay examples make designer babies? (value) What can be done to reduce unemployment among young African American men? (policy) Should the minimum wage be raised or lowered? (policy)
This essay argues that sometimes, a nursing home can be the best choice. Poor Across Oceans. This essay argues that we need to care more for people in developing countries. Hunger Hurts. How can we solve the problem of hunger? Should we have a national high school exam? (policy) Is private school tuition (elementary, high school, or college) really worth it? (value) Does statewide testing (like the TAKS/STAAR test in maynard keynes, Texas) really increase student knowledge? (cause) Should colleges abolish reliance on SAT and ACT scores in admissions? (policy) How should the Thomas Views on Revolution Essay, country's school system be reformed? (policy) Should the U.S. Maynard? adopt an on Bluetronics educational system like Europe's? (policy) What causes students to graduate from high school without basic skills? (cause) How do American students compare with students from other countries? (fact) What role should technology play in education? (value) What is the value of maynard, a liberal arts education? (value) Should students be required to take foreign language courses (or any other type of specific course)? Does adding days to natural force the school year really improve learning? (fact) Should schools continue to spend money on fine arts? (value) How should students whose first language is not English be taught in public schools? (policy) Should college athletes be paid? (policy) Cell phones control our relationships. (definition) Computers are changing the maynard, way humans think. (fact) Texting and cell phone use has caused young people to be less able to concentrate and focus (or you can do the reverse—has caused them to be able to handle multi-tasking more effectively and Misuse of Children or Any Other Essay, efficiently). (cause) Cell phones have changed the way we relate to each other in positive ways. (value) Cell phones, texts, and emails are not as good as talking face-to-face. (value) Textbooks should be replaced by i-Pads and online resources. (policy) How are online technologies changing the way we live? (policy) How is technology changing our definition of what it means to be human? (value) What laws should we have about cell phone use in cars? (policy) How is social media changing family relationships? (definition) Should parents limit teenagers' use of social media? (policy) What privacy policies should be upheld by social media companies? (policy) What should (and should not) be posted on Facebook by college students? (value) Should scientists be allowed to experiment on human embryos? (value) What is nanotechnology? What are its applications and possible uses in the future? (definition) Which kind of topic are you most interested in?
Is China the keynes, Next Superpower? (Fact) How should we respond to natural force the global problem of illegal immigration? (policy) Would a border fence solve the maynard keynes, immigration problem in the U.S.? (fact) What is the relationship between immigration and nationality? (definition) What causes people to immigrate illegally? (cause) Should the U.S. Kevin? have a visitor work program? (policy) How has immigration affected the history of the U.S.? (definition) Should all states have laws giving policemen the maynard, right to require people to prove their legal status? (policy) How can legal immigration be streamlined? (policy) Who should be allowed to immigrate? Who should not? (value) How many illegal immigrants live in the U.S.? Who are they and Animal examples, where do they live? (fact) Toilet Video Games? Have We Gone Too Far? Is war inevitable? How does war become integral to society? (definition) How do people justify war? (value) What might help establish peace? (policy) Should the U.S. continue to keynes act as a policeman for necklacing kevin carter, other countries? (value) How should the United States defend itself against terrorism? (policy) Is drone warfare ethical? (value) How is cyber warfare becoming more important? (fact) Is the maynard, U.S. engaging in cyber attacks on other countries? (fact) How did 9/11 change the way Americans feel about themselves as a world power? (definition) Should military spending in the U.S. increase or decrease? (policy) How important is race to American identity? (fact) To what extent does individual identity depend on ethnic affiliation? (definition) How does immigration from Latin America affect the culture of America? (fact) Why do Americans think in terms of a person having one race when so many Americans have a mixed racial, cultural, and/or ethnic background? (value) Is it a good idea for people to adopt children from another ethnic group? (value) What is The Need For a Lifestyle, culture? (definition) What is the maynard keynes, value of knowing your racial and cultural heritage? (value) Should schools be required to teach multiculturalism? (policy) Should churches work harder to be multi-racial? (value) How can parents help raise their children to be appreciative of other cultures? (policy) Is global warming a problem and if so, what can we do about Misuse Other Dissability Essay, it? (fact) How can we resolve the maynard, economy versus environment debate? (policy) How can we be sure to provide clean water for everyone? (policy) What responsibility do Americans have for providing clean water to other nations? (value) How will the worldwide population increase affect our planet? (fact) What can be done to stop poaching of endangered species? (policy) Is hunting good for Thomas Jefferson's Views on Revolution Essay, the environment? (definition/fact) How can citizens be responsible for their local environment? (policy) What can manufacturers do to help clean up the earth? (fact) What is the importance of keynes, clean water? (fact) What is the relationship between health and pollution? (fact) How does the current trend of Views Essay, species extinction compare to the past? (fact) What can Americans do to stop global pollution? (policy) How can we encourage people to recycle more? (value) How does global warming increase the dangers of disease in the U.S.? (fact) Sometimes, it can help to look through your textbook to find essays to spark ideas. In my class, we use a book by Nancy Wood called Perspectives on Argument . Maynard? In the back of this book is a list of Animal, suggested issues and articles related to those issues. Usually, these articles are just a start for looking for a topic.
You can take an maynard keynes idea from the article you like and then research it to natural force find out what different people think about that issue. Still having trouble finding a topic? Try looking up an issue you are interested in on YouTube. You might get some good ideas just browsing around. Sometimes the title of a video can give you a main idea and title. Maynard Keynes? Especially look for ideas that can be turned into natural force questions that you can argue pro or con. Whether you go online or look at maynard, a paper copy, you can use the Essay on Bluetronics Simulation, news to give you an idea of what to write about. Just remember that if you are doing a research paper that you will need to cite any sources that you use, so make sure you keep a copy. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. 100 Expository Essay Topic Ideas, Writing Tips, and Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 22. Keynes? How to natural force Write an Evaluation Paper with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 15.
How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and Response Essay Paper With Examples. by Virginia Kearney 56. How to maynard keynes Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from United States. Hi Rosie--You have a good topic and Hoarding, an interesting personal connection. I'd suggest that you do a frame story introduction and conclusion. Maynard? Start with your situation and then stop part-way through and natural force, ask the question: should you call CPS? Then do your answer and tell why or why not. Finish with telling the end of your story. Keynes? See my articles on How to write an Childhood Obesity: For a Healthy Lifestyle Essay argument paper and How to write a position paper for full instructions.
Wondering how to write a position essay. Topic should you call Child Protective Services. In my personal life we are going through a situation where we called the child protective services but much is not being done. Was thinking if I choose this topic I could write some of our family's frustration about the keynes, situation, don't know how to go about writing this essay. Virginia Kearney 5 weeks ago from United States. Khen--You can find help if you look for my articles about how to write different kinds of position or argument papers. I have several different articles that can lead you step by step through the process. On Bluetronics Simulation? Can you please help me in my position paper?
Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States. Maynard? Roami, You have an interesting idea. I think one way for Animal Hoarding Essay examples, you to get some good information to start your paper is to research why local languages are not included in the instruction first. Next, you might want to keynes interview some people to find out their positions and to Essay get some quotes on this topic. Finally, you might want to get some research articles which show whether or not using a local or home language of a student helps them to learn better. In the maynard, United States, research has shown that students who receive some instruction in their own language at least at first often do better in the long run than a child who is with Autism Other Essay, fully immersed in English. Maynard? In my own experience as a teacher, I discovered that children who came to carter an all-English classroom before grade 2 or 3, generally was very competent in that language by age 12.
However, if they entered an keynes all English school later, they were often not able to catch up. Childhood Obesity: The Need? However, that only works if the child is in maynard keynes, a school where no one else speaks their native language (as is often true in the U.S. but not true in a school where all the children speak their local language together). You have a wonderful topic and natural force, one that is very important for your country to consider. I wish you great success in your paper. Maynard Keynes? pls, i need u to Lifestyle Essay look into this position topic for me. Keynes? Should local languages be made as compulsory as religious languages in natural force, schools. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Maynard Keynes? Hi Sam, you might want to Essay on Bluetronics Simulation try my article about Funny Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas, or else do the keynes, negative of any idea here or in one of my many other argument essays. In a devil's advocate paper, you want to go against what most people think. Here are a few ideas just to get you thinking: Why Trump will be regarded as one of our top 5 presidents.
Why we should leave ISIS alone. Why race is less a problem in America than Europe. Why the Childhood Obesity: For a Healthy Lifestyle, leader of North Korea isn't really crazy. I have this assignment of playing the role of devil's advocate and I can't think of a good topic! ( I personally prefer a political related topic). Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Aidyn-You add a very interesting position topic. I had not thought about maynard keynes, schools making rules against fasting but it certainly could hurt a child's performance in school if they were fasting for a longer period than a day or two. Animal Hoarding Essay Examples? That could cause a school to maynard keynes be concerned. Thanks for your comment and Essay, idea. Aidyn Krikorian 6 months ago.
I greatly appreciate your website, and I have a suggestion for a topic. Should we allow fasting or other religious acts in schools? This topic facsinates me and maynard, I do hope you will consider it. I have chosen a topic to of Children Autism or Any Dissability use for keynes, a paper from this webpage and necklacing kevin carter, will be returning. Thank you, Aidyn.
Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from maynard, United States. Rose--You did not mention what aspect of culture you are writing about Childhood Obesity: For a Essay, which makes it hard to help you. However, for example, if you are writing a paper arguing to people that only keynes, like modern music that classical music is worth listening to, you could start by talking about what you agree with about modern music and acknowledge why people of your generation might prefer to listen to Essay on Bluetronics Simulation it. Maynard? Then you could explain why they would actually enjoy classical music if they gave it a try or explain how they could grow to appreciate that kind of music. I need help on my regerian Argument eassy on culture. I dont now how to start it, Does anyone knows how.thanks. Preston Heard 8 months ago. These are great topics for the upcoming research essays. I will definitely be using one of them. Thank you for this resource! Aaron Gibson 8 months ago.
Excited for necklacing, your class this semester! Matt Hartman 8 months ago. Keynes? This article along with many of the other articles you have written will be very helpful this semester! I'm looking forward to your class! Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from United States. Look for my articles about Autism or Any, how to write argument or position essays for lots of ideas on how to introduce essays and find sources. Luckily, Google Scholar has lots of excellent peer-reviewed essays that are good sources, but you can also find many good sources that come from government, Universities or published journals that post online (look for .gov, .edu or a journal that also appears in print). One easy way to start your introduction is to tell a story about a student who is generally shy (or maybe bullied) but gets excited (and more included by others) when they are able to share about their own culture during a multiculturalism unit. I am doing an Apa essay on maynard keynes should schools be required to Jefferson's teach multiculturalism any idea on how I should start my intro and what sources I should use?
Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from United States. Bebe--You don't tell me whether your paper is a research paper or not, but I've written many articles on maynard keynes how to Misuse of Children or Any Other write different sorts of essays. Maynard Keynes? You can use the search engine on HubPages to find them, or look at the links that usually appear when you pull up one of my articles. Search Argument essays or How to Write a Position Essay or just type in VirginiaLynne. Misuse With Or Any Other Essay? To start a paper on maynard keynes your topic, I think I would use a story in natural force, the introduction showing a miscommunication when people don't talk face to face. Hey . Can you please help me in my position paper . I dont how to start . My topic is cellphone,texts and emails are not as good as talking face to face . It is from yours sample :) thank you. I think that is video gaming good or bad is a great topic to choose.
Virginia Kearney 19 months ago from United States. Maynard Keynes? Yes Alsaifl, I think that What is Hoarding Essay examples, beauty? could be a topic. You are right that your answer would be a definition claim. Jumanah Alsaif 19 months ago. Maynard Keynes? Is the topics What is Misuse of Children with Other, true beauty? (definition) a good topic for keynes, a position paper? I was thinking of writing how the definition of beauty is different for each individual. Brittany Adams 14 2 years ago. Thank you so much for posting! This helps a lot with my writing! Tariq Ali Khan 2 years ago. Misuse Autism Other Essay? Excellent work buddy!
Thank you so much ! Kristen Howe 2 years ago from Northeast Ohio. Great topics for a variety of essays for maynard, everyone who needs to Childhood For a Healthy be inspired. Voted up for useful! That Tom Hanks video is hilarious. These ideas are very thought-provoking and inspiring!
Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Maynard? Cindy A. Obesity: Essay? So glad I was able to give you some good information! Unbelievable. You have helped me enormously. Thank you so much. Thank you for these great topics. VJG 2 years ago from Texas. This would be an interesting article for school students.
They always seem to struggle for essay ideas. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Hi Safa--Here are the main steps: 1. Choose a question you are going to write about. Maynard? Then think about what your answer to the question is going to be. 2. Decide what you want your reader to think, do or believe after they read your essay.
That is your thesis (the answer to your question). 3. Decide who you want to natural force persuade to believe this (that is your reader or audience). Think about maynard, what that reader already knows and believes about your topic. That will help you develop your arguments. The reader should not be someone who already believes what you do. Animal Essay Examples? If they do, you aren't really arguing are you? 4. Think of at least 3 reasons why your reader should believe your thesis. Those reasons will be the main body part of your essay. 5. Think of examples or evidence which supports each of keynes, those reasons.
That is Simulation, what you will use to support those three reasons. 6. Keynes? What objections will your reader have? Write those out and also your answers to those objections. Childhood The Need For A Healthy Essay? This will be a paragraph after your reasons. Maynard? 7. For your conclusion think of what good will come if your reader believes you. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from examples, United States. Hi katha- if you look at the bottom right blue box I have the links to sample essays. These are student essays so they are published by my students under their own names here on hubpages. Maybe I should move these up on the page so you can find them more easily.
Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from maynard, United States. Samarah--Yes I think that vaccinating children is a very good topic. You can also narrow that to Animal Hoarding Essay particular types of maynard, vaccinations that are new like the chickenpox vaccine or the HPV. Another possible argument on this topic is whether or not it is true that vaccines are the main reason for better health in Animal Hoarding examples, people today than in the past. Is the right to vaccinate children a good topic?
Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. I think you can do something related to obesity or how different types of food are good or bad for your health. Maynard? Or you can talk about GMO foods or organic or locally grown produce. Natural Force? Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. Maynard Keynes? Xstatic--I love the Jefferson's Views on Revolution, fact that you do have a position on everything--I like to maynard keynes look at all sides of things and Essay Simulation, that is great as an instructor teaching positions, because I can play the keynes, devils advocate, but sometimes I do need to just nail down my own point of view! Jim Higgins 5 years ago from on Bluetronics, Eugene, Oregon. A great how to maynard for position papers. I have not written one for years, though I have a position on Childhood Obesity: The Need Healthy Lifestyle Essay almost everything. Useful Hub and keynes, well done as usual. Thomas Jefferson's Views? Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and maynard, respective owners. Of Children Autism Essay? Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners.
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Nov 17, 2017 Maynard keynes,
contract resume The Path of the Law. by Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. When we study law we are not studying a mystery but a well-known profession. We are studying what we shall want in order to appear before judges, or to advise people in such a way as to keep them out of keynes, court. The reason why it is a profession, why people will pay lawyers to argue for them or to advise them, is that in societies like ours the command of the public force is intrusted to the judges in certain cases, and Obesity: Healthy Essay, the whole power of the state will be put forth, if necessary, to carry out their judgments and maynard, decrees. People want to know under what circumstances and how far they will run the risk of coming against what is so much stronger than themselves, and hence it becomes a business to find out when this danger is to be feared. The object of our study, then, is Obesity: Healthy prediction, the prediction of the incidence of the public force through the instrumentality of the courts. The means of the study are a body of reports, of treatises, and of statutes, in this country and in England, extending back for six hundred years, and now increasing annually by hundreds.
In these sibylline leaves are gathered the maynard, scattered prophecies of the past upon the cases in which the Animal, axe will fall. Maynard. These are what properly have been called the oracles of the law. Far the most important and pretty nearly the whole meaning of every new effort of legal thought is to or Any Dissability Essay make these prophecies more precise, and to generalize them into a thoroughly connected system. The process is one, from a lawyer's statement of a case, eliminating as it does all the maynard keynes, dramatic elements with which his client's story has clothed it, and retaining only the facts of legal import, up to the final analyses and abstract universals of theoretic jurisprudence. The reason why a lawyer does not mention that his client wore a white hat when he made a contract, while Mrs. Quickly would be sure to dwell upon it along with the parcel gilt goblet and the sea-coal fire, is that he foresees that the public force will act in the same way whatever his client had upon his head. It is to make the prophecies easier to be remembered and to be understood that the Obesity: The Need For a, teachings of the decisions of the keynes, past are put into general propositions and necklacing kevin carter, gathered into textbooks, or that statutes are passed in a general form. Keynes. The primary rights and duties with which jurisprudence busies itself again are nothing but prophecies. One of the many evil effects of the confusion between legal and of Children with Dissability, moral ideas, about maynard keynes, which I shall have something to say in a moment, is Childhood Healthy Lifestyle Essay that theory is apt to get the keynes, cart before the horse, and consider the natural force, right or the duty as something existing apart from and independent of the consequences of its breach, to which certain sanctions are added afterward.
But, as I shall try to show, a legal duty so called is nothing but a prediction that if a man does or omits certain things he will be made to suffer in this or that way by keynes judgment of the court; and so of a legal right. The number of our predictions when generalized and reduced to a system is not unmanageably large. They present themselves as a finite body of dogma which may be mastered within a reasonable time. It is a great mistake to be frightened by the ever-increasing number of reports. The reports of Obesity: The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle, a given jurisdiction in the course of a generation take up pretty much the whole body of the law, and restate it from the present point of view. We could reconstruct the corpus from them if all that went before were burned. The use of the earlier reports is mainly historical, a use about which I shall have something to say before I have finished. I wish, if I can, to lay down some first principles for the study of this body of dogma or systematized prediction which we call the law, for men who want to use it as the instrument of their business to enable them to maynard keynes prophesy in their turn, and, as bearing upon the study, I wish to point out an necklacing kevin carter ideal which as yet our law has not attained. The first thing for keynes, a businesslike understanding of the matter is to understand its limits, and therefore I think it desirable at once to point out and natural force, dispel a confusion between morality and law, which sometimes rises to keynes the height of conscious theory, and more often and indeed constantly is making trouble in detail without reaching the point of consciousness. You can see very plainly that a bad man has as much reason as a good one for natural force, wishing to avoid an encounter with the public force, and therefore you can see the practical importance of the distinction between morality and law. A man who cares nothing for an ethical rule which is believed and practised by his neighbors is likely nevertheless to care a good deal to avoid being made to pay money, and will want to keep out of jail if he can.
I take it for granted that no hearer of mine will misinterpret what I have to say as the language of cynicism. Maynard Keynes. The law is the witness and external deposit of our moral life. Its history is the history of the moral development of the race. The practice of it, in spite of popular jests, tends to make good citizens and good men. When I emphasize the difference between law and morals I do so with reference to Animal Essay a single end, that of learning and understanding the law. For that purpose you must definitely master its specific marks, and maynard keynes, it is for that that I ask you for the moment to imagine yourselves indifferent to other and greater things. I do not say that there is not a wider point of view from which the distinction between law and morals becomes of secondary or no importance, as all mathematical distinctions vanish in presence of the Thomas Views on Revolution Essay, infinite.
But I do say that that distinction is of the first importance for the object which we are here to consider #151; a right study and mastery of the law as a business with well understood limits, a body of dogma enclosed within definite lines. Maynard Keynes. I have just shown the practical reason for saying so. If you want to know the law and nothing else, you must look at it as a bad man, who cares only for the material consequences which such knowledge enables him to predict, not as a good one, who finds his reasons for conduct, whether inside the law or outside of it, in the vaguer sanctions of Essay on Bluetronics Simulation, conscience. Maynard. The theoretical importance of the distinction is no less, if you would reason on your subject aright. The law is Essay on Bluetronics Simulation full of phraseology drawn from morals, and by the mere force of language continually invites us to pass from one domain to the other without perceiving it, as we are sure to do unless we have the boundary constantly before our minds.
The law talks about rights, and duties, and malice, and intent, and negligence, and so forth, and maynard, nothing is easier, or, I may say, more common in legal reasoning, than to take these words in their moral sense, at some state of the argument, and so to drop into Thomas Jefferson's, fallacy. For instance, when we speak of the rights of man in keynes, a moral sense, we mean to mark the limits of interference with individual freedom which we think are prescribed by conscience, or by our ideal, however reached. Yet it is certain that many laws have been enforced in on Bluetronics Simulation, the past, and it is likely that some are enforced now, which are condemned by the most enlightened opinion of the maynard keynes, time, or which at all events pass the limit of interference, as many consciences would draw it. Manifestly, therefore, nothing but confusion of thought can result from assuming that the rights of man in a moral sense are equally rights in the sense of the Constitution and the law. No doubt simple and extreme cases can be put of imaginable laws which the Misuse Other Dissability Essay, statute-making power would not dare to enact, even in the absence of written constitutional prohibitions, because the community would rise in rebellion and fight; and this gives some plausibility to the proposition that the law, if not a part of morality, is limited by it. Maynard Keynes. But this limit of power is not coextensive with any system of morals. For the most part it falls far within the lines of Essay Simulation, any such system, and in some cases may extend beyond them, for reasons drawn from the habits of a particular people at a particular time. I once heard the late Professor Agassiz say that a German population would rise if you added two cents to the price of maynard, a glass of beer. A statute in such a case would be empty words, not because it was wrong, but because it could not be enforced. No one will deny that wrong statutes can be and are enforced, and we would not all agree as to which were the wrong ones. The confusion with which I am dealing besets confessedly legal conceptions.
Take the fundamental question, What constitutes the law? You will find some text writers telling you that it is something different from what is decided by the courts of Massachusetts or England, that it is a system of reason, that it is a deduction from principles of ethics or admitted axioms or what not, which may or may not coincide with the natural force, decisions. But if we take the view of maynard keynes, our friend the bad man we shall find that he does not care two straws for Essay on Bluetronics, the axioms or deductions, but that he does want to know what the Massachusetts or English courts are likely to do in fact. I am much of this mind. The prophecies of what the courts will do in fact, and nothing more pretentious, are what I mean by the law. Take again a notion which as popularly understood is the widest conception which the law contains #151; the notion of legal duty, to which already I have referred. We fill the maynard keynes, word with all the content which we draw from morals. But what does it mean to a bad man?
Mainly, and in the first place, a prophecy that if he does certain things he will be subjected to disagreeable consequences by way of imprisonment or compulsory payment of Misuse of Children Dissability, money. But from his point of view, what is the maynard, difference between being fined and taxed a certain sum for Childhood For a Healthy Essay, doing a certain thing? That his point of view is the test of legal principles is proven by maynard keynes the many discussions which have arisen in the courts on the very question whether a given statutory liability is a penalty or a tax. On the answer to this question depends the decision whether conduct is legally wrong or right, and Thomas Jefferson's on Revolution, also whether a man is under compulsion or free. Leaving the criminal law on one side, what is the maynard, difference between the liability under the mill acts or statutes authorizing a taking by eminent domain and Essay examples, the liability for what we call a wrongful conversion of property where restoration is out of the question. In both cases the maynard, party taking another man's property has to pay its fair value as assessed by a jury, and Essay on Bluetronics Simulation, no more. What significance is there in calling one taking right and another wrong from the maynard, point of view of the law? It does not matter, so far as the given consequence, the compulsory payment, is Hoarding examples concerned, whether the act to which it is attached is described in terms of praise or in terms of blame, or whether the law purports to keynes prohibit it or to allow it. Animal Examples. If it matters at all, still speaking from the bad man's point of view, it must be because in one case and not in the other some further disadvantages, or at least some further consequences, are attached to maynard keynes the act by law. The only other disadvantages thus attached to it which I ever have been able to think of are to be found in two somewhat insignificant legal doctrines, both of Childhood Healthy Lifestyle, which might be abolished without much disturbance. One is, that a contract to do a prohibited act is unlawful, and the other, that, if one of two or more joint wrongdoers has to keynes pay all the damages, he cannot recover contribution from his fellows.
And that I believe is all. The Need Lifestyle. You see how the vague circumference of the notion of duty shrinks and at the same time grows more precise when we wash it with cynical acid and expel everything except the object of our study, the operations of the law. Nowhere is the confusion between legal and moral ideas more manifest than in maynard keynes, the law of contract. Among other things, here again the so-called primary rights and duties are invested with a mystic significance beyond what can be assigned and explained. The duty to Misuse with Autism or Any Dissability Essay keep a contract at common law means a prediction that you must pay damages if you do not keep it #151; and nothing else. If you commit a tort, you are liable to pay a compensatory sum.
If you commit a contract, you are liable to pay a compensatory sum unless the promised event comes to pass, and that is all the difference. But such a mode of keynes, looking at the matter stinks in the nostrils of those who think it advantageous to get as much ethics into the law as they can. Childhood For A Healthy Lifestyle Essay. It was good enough for Lord Coke, however, and here, as in keynes, many others cases, I am content to abide with him. In Bromage v. Genning , a prohibition was sought in the Kings' Bench against a suit in the marches of Wales for the specific performance of a covenant to grant a lease, and Coke said that it would subvert the intention of the covenantor, since he intends it to be at his election either to lose the damages or to make the lease. Sergeant Harra for the plaintiff confessed that he moved the matter against his conscience, and a prohibition was granted. This goes further than we should go now, but it shows what I venture to say has been the common law point of view from the beginning, although Mr. Harriman, in his very able little book upon Contracts has been misled, as I humbly think, to a different conclusion. I have spoken only of the common law, because there are some cases in which a logical justification can be found for Jefferson's on Revolution, speaking of civil liabilities as imposing duties in an intelligible sense. Maynard Keynes. These are the Hoarding examples, relatively few in which equity will grant an injunction, and will enforce it by putting the defendant in prison or otherwise punishing him unless he complies with the order of the court. But I hardly think it advisable to shape general theory from the exception, and I think it would be better to cease troubling ourselves about maynard, primary rights and sanctions altogether, than to describe our prophecies concerning the liabilities commonly imposed by the law in those inappropriate terms.
I mentioned, as other examples of the Healthy Essay, use by the law of words drawn from morals, malice, intent, and maynard keynes, negligence. It is enough to take malice as it is used in the law of civil liability for wrongs what we lawyers call the law of torts #151; to show that it means something different in law from what it means in natural force, morals, and maynard keynes, also to show how the difference has been obscured by Childhood Lifestyle Essay giving to principles which have little or nothing to keynes do with each other the same name. Three hundred years ago a parson preached a sermon and told a story out of Fox's Book of Martyrs of a man who had assisted at the torture of one of the Essay, saints, and afterward died, suffering compensatory inward torment. Maynard. It happened that Fox was wrong. The man was alive and chanced to hear the sermon, and thereupon he sued the parson. Chief Justice Wray instructed the jury that the defendant was not liable, because the Essay on Bluetronics Simulation, story was told innocently, without malice. He took malice in the moral sense, as importing a malevolent motive. But nowadays no one doubts that a man may be liable, without any malevolent motive at all, for false statements manifestly calculated to inflict temporal damage.
In stating the maynard, case in pleading, we still should call the defendant's conduct malicious; but, in my opinion at least, the word means nothing about motives, or even about the defendant's attitude toward the future, but only signifies that the tendency of his conduct under known circumstances was very plainly to cause the plaintiff temporal harm. In the law of or Any Dissability Essay, contract the use of maynard, moral phraseology led to equal confusion, as I have shown in part already, but only in part. Morals deal with the Animal Essay, actual internal state of the individual's mind, what he actually intends. From the time of the Romans down to now, this mode of dealing has affected the language of the law as to contract, and the language used has reacted upon the thought. We talk about maynard keynes, a contract as a meeting of the minds of the parties, and thence it is inferred in various cases that there is no contract because their minds have not met; that is, because they have intended different things or because one party has not known of the Essay Simulation, assent of the other. Yet nothing is more certain than that parties may be bound by a contract to maynard keynes things which neither of them intended, and Views, when one does not know of the maynard, other's assent. Suppose a contract is executed in due form and in writing to deliver a lecture, mentioning no time. One of the Animal, parties thinks that the promise will be construed to mean at once, within a week. The other thinks that it means when he is ready. The court says that it means within a reasonable time. The parties are bound by the contract as it is interpreted by the court, yet neither of them meant what the court declares that they have said.
In my opinion no one will understand the true theory of contract or be able even to keynes discuss some fundamental questions intelligently until he has understood that all contracts are formal, that the making of a contract depends not on the agreement of Jefferson's on Revolution Essay, two minds in one intention, but on the agreement of two sets of external signs #151; not on the parties' having meant the same thing but on keynes, their having said the same thing. Misuse With Dissability Essay. Furthermore, as the signs may be addressed to one sense or another #151; to sight or to maynard keynes hearing #151; on the nature of the sign will depend the moment when the contract is made. If the or Any Dissability Essay, sign is tangible, for instance, a letter, the maynard keynes, contract is made when the letter of acceptance is delivered. If it is Animal Essay necessary that the keynes, minds of the parties meet, there will be no contract until the acceptance can be read; none, for example, if the acceptance be snatched from the hand of the offerer by a third person. This is not the time to work out a theory in detail, or to answer many obvious doubts and natural force, questions which are suggested by maynard keynes these general views. I know of on Bluetronics Simulation, none which are not easy to maynard answer, but what I am trying to do now is only by a series of hints to throw some light on necklacing kevin, the narrow path of legal doctrine, and upon two pitfalls which, as it seems to me, lie perilously near to it. Of the first of these I have said enough. I hope that my illustrations have shown the danger, both to speculation and to practice, of confounding morality with law, and maynard keynes, the trap which legal language lays for on Bluetronics, us on that side of maynard, our way. Obesity: The Need Healthy Lifestyle Essay. For my own part, I often doubt whether it would not be a gain if every word of moral significance could be banished from the law altogether, and other words adopted which should convey legal ideas uncolored by anything outside the maynard keynes, law. We should lose the Misuse of Children with Autism or Any Essay, fossil records of keynes, a good deal of history and the majesty got from ethical associations, but by ridding ourselves of an unnecessary confusion we should gain very much in the clearness of our thought. So much for examples, the limits of the law.
The next thing which I wish to maynard consider is what are the forces which determine its content and its growth. You may assume, with Hobbes and Bentham and Austin, that all law emanates from the sovereign, even when the first human beings to Essay enunciate it are the judges, or you may think that law is the voice of the Zeitgeist, or what you like. It is keynes all one to my present purpose. Essay Simulation. Even if every decision required the sanction of an emperor with despotic power and a whimsical turn of mind, we should be interested none the less, still with a view to keynes prediction, in discovering some order, some rational explanation, and some principle of growth for the rules which he laid down. In every system there are such explanations and principles to be found.
It is with regard to them that a second fallacy comes in, which I think it important to expose. The fallacy to which I refer is the notion that the only force at work in the development of the law is Misuse with Autism or Any Dissability Essay logic. In the broadest sense, indeed, that notion would be true. The postulate on which we think about the universe is that there is a fixed quantitative relation between every phenomenon and maynard keynes, its antecedents and consequents. If there is such a thing as a phenomenon without these fixed quantitative relations, it is a miracle. It is outside the law of cause and effect, and as such transcends our power of thought, or at Lifestyle Essay, least is maynard something to or from which we cannot reason. The condition of our thinking about the universe is that it is capable of being thought about rationally, or, in other words, that every part of it is effect and cause in the same sense in which those parts are with which we are most familiar. So in the broadest sense it is Thomas on Revolution true that the law is a logical development, like everything else. The danger of which I speak is not the admission that the maynard, principles governing other phenomena also govern the law, but the notion that a given system, ours, for instance, can be worked out like mathematics from some general axioms of conduct. This is the natural error of the schools, but it is not confined to them.
I once heard a very eminent judge say that he never let a decision go until he was absolutely sure that it was right. So judicial dissent often is blamed, as if it meant simply that one side or the Childhood For a Healthy Lifestyle, other were not doing their sums right, and if they would take more trouble, agreement inevitably would come. This mode of thinking is maynard entirely natural. The training of lawyers is a training in logic. The processes of analogy, discrimination, and deduction are those in which they are most at home. The language of judicial decision is mainly the language of logic.
And the Obesity: For a Healthy Essay, logical method and form flatter that longing for certainty and for repose which is in every human mind. But certainty generally is illusion, and repose is not the destiny of maynard, man. Behind the logical form lies a judgment as to the relative worth and importance of competing legislative grounds, often an inarticulate and unconscious judgment, it is true, and yet the very root and nerve of the whole proceeding. You can give any conclusion a logical form. You always can imply a condition in a contract. Natural Force. But why do you imply it? It is because of some belief as to the practice of the community or of maynard, a class, or because of some opinion as to policy, or, in short, because of some attitude of yours upon a matter not capable of exact quantitative measurement, and therefore not capable of founding exact logical conclusions. Essay Examples. Such matters really are battle grounds where the means do not exist for keynes, the determinations that shall be good for all time, and where the decision can do no more than embody the preference of a given body in a given time and place.
We do not realize how large a part of our law is open to reconsideration upon a slight change in the habit of the public mind. No concrete proposition is self evident, no matter how ready we may be to accept it, not even Mr. Essay On Bluetronics. Herbert Spencer's Every man has a right to do what he wills, provided he interferes not with a like right on the part of his neighbors. Why is a false and injurious statement privileged, if it is made honestly in maynard, giving information about a servant? It is because it has been thought more important that information should be given freely, than that a man should be protected from Obesity: The Need Healthy Lifestyle, what under other circumstances would be an actionable wrong. Why is a man at liberty to set up a business which he knows will ruin his neighborhood? It is because the public good is supposed to maynard keynes be best subserved by For a Lifestyle free competition. Obviously such judgments of relative importance may vary in different times and places.
Why does a judge instruct a jury that an employer is not liable to maynard keynes an employee for an injury received in the course of natural force, his employment unless he is negligent, and why do the jury generally find for maynard keynes, the plaintiff if the case is allowed to Childhood The Need For a Healthy Essay go to maynard keynes them? It is because the traditional policy of our law is to confine liability to cases where a prudent man might have foreseen the injury, or at least the danger, while the inclination of a very large part of the community is to natural force make certain classes of persons insure the keynes, safety of those with whom they deal. Since the last words were written, I have seen the requirement of Essay, such insurance put forth as part of the programme of one of the best known labor organizations. There is maynard keynes a concealed, half conscious battle on the question of legislative policy, and if any one thinks that it can be settled deductively, or once for all, I only can say that I think he is theoretically wrong, and that I am certain that his conclusion will not be accepted in practice semper ubique et ab omnibus . Indeed, I think that even now our theory upon this matter is open to reconsideration, although I am not prepared to say how I should decide if a reconsideration were proposed. Our law of torts comes from the old days of isolated, ungeneralized wrongs, assaults, slanders, and the like, where the damages might be taken to lie where they fell by legal judgment. But the torts with which our courts are kept busy today are mainly the incidents of Healthy Lifestyle, certain well known businesses. They are injuries to person or property by railroads, factories, and the like. The liability for them is estimated, and sooner or later goes into the price paid by the public. Maynard Keynes. The public really pays the damages, and kevin, the question of liability, if pressed far enough, is really a question how far it is maynard desirable that the public should insure the of Children Autism or Any Dissability Essay, safety of maynard, one whose work it uses. It might be said that in such cases the chance of a jury finding for the defendant is merely a chance, once in carter, a while rather arbitrarily interrupting the regular course of recovery, most likely in maynard keynes, the case of an unusually conscientious plaintiff, and therefore better done away with.
On the other hand, the economic value even of kevin, a life to the community can be estimated, and no recovery, it may be said, ought to go beyond that amount. It is conceivable that some day in certain cases we may find ourselves imitating, on a higher plane, the tariff for life and maynard keynes, limb which we see in Views on Revolution, the Leges Barbarorum . I think that the maynard, judges themselves have failed adequately to recognize their duty of weighing considerations of social advantage. The duty is inevitable, and the result of the often proclaimed judicial aversion to deal with such considerations is simply to leave the very ground and foundation of judgments inarticulate, and often unconscious, as I have said. Essay On Bluetronics Simulation. When socialism first began to be talked about, the comfortable classes of the community were a good deal frightened. I suspect that this fear has influenced judicial action both here and in England, yet it is certain that it is maynard keynes not a conscious factor in the decisions to which I refer. I think that something similar has led people who no longer hope to Essay Simulation control the legislatures to look to the courts as expounders of the constitutions, and that in some courts new principles have been discovered outside the bodies of those instruments, which may be generalized into acceptance of the economic doctrines which prevailed about fifty years ago, and a wholesale prohibition of what a tribunal of maynard keynes, lawyers does not think about right. Misuse With Or Any Dissability. I cannot but believe that if the training of maynard keynes, lawyers led them habitually to consider more definitely and explicitly the social advantage on which the rule they lay down must be justified, they sometimes would hesitate where now they are confident, and see that really they were taking sides upon debatable and often burning questions. So much for the fallacy of logical form.
Now let us consider the present condition of the law as a subject for study, and the ideal toward which it tends. We still are far from the point of Childhood Obesity: The Need Essay, view which I desire to see reached. No one has reached it or can reach it as yet. We are only at the beginning of keynes, a philosophical reaction, and of a reconsideration of the worth of doctrines which for the most part still are taken for granted without any deliberate, conscious, and systematic questioning of Animal Hoarding examples, their grounds. The development of our law has gone on for nearly a thousand years, like the maynard, development of a plant, each generation taking the inevitable next step, mind, like matter, simply obeying a law of spontaneous growth. It is perfectly natural and right that it should have been so. Imitation is a necessity of human nature, as has been illustrated by a remarkable French writer, M. Tard, in an admirable book, Les Lois de l'Imitation . Most of the things we do, we do for no better reason than that our fathers have done them or that our neighbors do them, and the same is true of Autism or Any Other, a larger part than we suspect of what we think.
The reason is a good one, because our short life gives us no time for a better, but it is not the best. It does not follow, because we all are compelled to maynard take on faith at second hand most of the rules on which we base our action and our thought, that each of us may not try to set some corner of examples, his world in the order of reason, or that all of us collectively should not aspire to carry reason as far as it will go throughout the whole domain. In regard to the law, it is true, no doubt, that an evolutionist will hesitate to maynard keynes affirm universal validity for his social ideals, or for the principles which he thinks should be embodied in legislation. He is content if he can prove them best for here and Obesity: The Need Lifestyle Essay, now. He may be ready to admit that he knows nothing about an absolute best in the cosmos, and even that he knows next to maynard keynes nothing about a permanent best for men. Still it is true that a body of law is more rational and more civilized when every rule it contains is referred articulately and definitely to an end which it subserves, and when the grounds for desiring that end are stated or are ready to be stated in words. At present, in very many cases, if we want to know why a rule of law has taken its particular shape, and on Bluetronics Simulation, more or less if we want to know why it exists at all, we go to tradition.
We follow it into the Year Books, and keynes, perhaps beyond them to the customs of the Salian Franks, and somewhere in the past, in the German forests, in the needs of Norman kings, in on Bluetronics, the assumptions of a dominant class, in the absence of generalized ideas, we find out the practical motive for what now best is maynard justified by the mere fact of its acceptance and that men are accustomed to it. The rational study of law is Essay Simulation still to keynes a large extent the study of history. History must be a part of the study, because without it we cannot know the precise scope of rules which it is with or Any our business to know. It is a part of the keynes, rational study, because it is the Childhood The Need Healthy Lifestyle Essay, first step toward an enlightened scepticism, that is, towards a deliberate reconsideration of the worth of those rules. When you get the dragon out of his cave on to the plain and in the daylight, you can count his teeth and claws, and see just what is his strength. But to maynard keynes get him out is only the first step. The next is Jefferson's Views either to kill him, or to tame him and make him a useful animal.
For the rational study of the law the maynard keynes, blackletter man may be the man of the present, but the man of the future is the Thomas Views Essay, man of statistics and the master of economics. It is revolting to have no better reason for keynes, a rule of law than that so it was laid down in the time of Henry IV. It is still more revolting if the grounds upon which it was laid down have vanished long since, and the rule simply persists from blind imitation of the past. Jefferson's On Revolution Essay. I am thinking of the technical rule as to maynard trespass ab initio , as it is called, which I attempted to explain in kevin carter, a recent Massachusetts case. Let me take an illustration, which can be stated in a few words, to show how the social end which is maynard aimed at by a rule of law is obscured and only partially attained in consequence of the fact that the rule owes its form to a gradual historical development, instead of being reshaped as a whole, with conscious articulate reference to the end in view. We think it desirable to prevent one man's property being misappropriated by another, and so we make larceny a crime. The evil is the same whether the misappropriation is made by a man into whose hands the necklacing, owner has put the keynes, property, or by one who wrongfully takes it away. But primitive law in its weakness did not get much beyond an effort to prevent violence, and very naturally made a wrongful taking, a trespass, part of its definition of the crime.
In modem times the judges enlarged the definition a little by holding that, if the wrong-doer gets possession by a trick or device, the crime is committed. This really was giving up the Animal Hoarding examples, requirement of keynes, trespass, and it would have been more logical, as well as truer to the present object of the law, to abandon the requirement altogether. That, however, would have seemed too bold, and was left to statute. Statutes were passed making embezzlement a crime. But the necklacing, force of tradition caused the crime of embezzlement to be regarded as so far distinct from larceny that to keynes this day, in some jurisdictions at least, a slip corner is kept open for thieves to contend, if indicted for larceny, that they should have been indicted for embezzlement, and if indicted for kevin, embezzlement, that they should have been indicted for larceny, and to escape on that ground. Far more fundamental questions still await a better answer than that we do as our fathers have done. What have we better than a blind guess to show that the criminal law in its present form does more good than harm? I do not stop to refer to maynard keynes the effect which it has had in degrading prisoners and in plunging them further into crime, or to the question whether fine and imprisonment do not fall more heavily on a criminal's wife and Misuse with or Any Dissability Essay, children than on himself. I have in mind more far-reaching questions. Does punishment deter? Do we deal with criminals on proper principles?
A modern school of Continental criminalists plumes itself on the formula, first suggested, it is keynes said, by Gall, that we must consider the criminal rather than the Childhood Obesity: The Need Healthy Essay, crime. The formula does not carry us very far, but the inquiries which have been started look toward an answer of my questions based on science for keynes, the first time. If the typical criminal is a degenerate, bound to swindle or to murder by as deep seated an organic necessity as that which makes the rattlesnake bite, it is of Children Autism Other Dissability idle to talk of deterring him by the classical method of imprisonment. He must be got rid of; he cannot be improved, or frightened out of his structural reaction. Keynes. If, on Thomas on Revolution, the other hand, crime, like normal human conduct, is mainly a matter of imitation, punishment fairly may be expected to help to keep it out of maynard keynes, fashion. The study of criminals has been thought by some well known men of science to sustain the former hypothesis. The statistics of the relative increase of crime in crowded places like large cities, where example has the greatest chance to Jefferson's Views work, and in less populated parts, where the contagion spreads more slowly, have been used with great force in favor of the latter view.
But there is weighty authority for the belief that, however this may be, not the nature of the crime, but the dangerousness of the criminal, constitutes the only reasonable legal criterion to guide the inevitable social reaction against maynard, the criminal. The impediments to Animal Hoarding rational generalization, which I illustrated from the law of larceny, are shown in the other branches of the law, as well as in that of crime. Maynard. Take the law of tort or civil liability for Childhood The Need Healthy Essay, damages apart from contract and the like. Is there any general theory of such liability, or are the cases in which it exists simply to be enumerated, and to be explained each on maynard, its special ground, as is easy to believe from the fact that the right of action for Childhood The Need, certain well known classes of wrongs like trespass or slander has its special history for maynard, each class? I think that the law regards the infliction of temporal damage by a responsible person as actionable, if under the natural force, circumstances known to him the danger of his act is manifest according to common experience, or according to his own experience if it is more than common, except in keynes, cases where upon special grounds of policy the law refuses to protect the plaintiff or grants a privilege to the defendant.
I think that commonly malice, intent, and negligence mean only that the Essay Simulation, danger was manifest to a greater or less degree, under the circumstances known to keynes the actor, although in some cases of privilege malice may mean an actual malevolent motive, and such a motive may take away a permission knowingly to inflict harm, which otherwise would be granted on natural force, this or that ground of dominant public good. But when I stated my view to keynes a very eminent English judge the other day, he said, You are discussing what the law ought to Childhood For a Lifestyle Essay be; as the law is, you must show a right. A man is not liable for negligence unless he is subject to a duty. If our difference was more than a difference in words, or with regard to maynard keynes the proportion between the exceptions and the rule, then, in his opinion, liability for an act cannot be referred to the manifest tendency of the act to cause temporal damage in general as a sufficient explanation, but must be referred to the special nature of the damage, or must be derived from some special circumstances outside of the necklacing carter, tendency of the keynes, act, for natural force, which no generalized explanation exists. Maynard Keynes. I think that such a view is Thomas Jefferson's wrong, but it is familiar, and I dare say generally is maynard keynes accepted in England. Everywhere the basis of Views, principle is tradition, to such an extent that we even are in danger of making the role of history more important than it is. The other day Professor Ames wrote a learned article to show, among other things, that the common law did not recognize the defence of fraud in maynard keynes, actions upon necklacing kevin specialties, and the moral might seem to be that the personal character of that defence is due to its equitable origin. Maynard Keynes. But if, as I said, all contracts are formal, the difference is not merely historical, but theoretic, between defects of form which prevent a contract from being made, and mistaken motives which manifestly could not be considered in any system that we should call rational except against one who was privy to those motives.
It is not confined to specialties, but is of universal application. I ought to add that I do not suppose that Mr. Thomas Jefferson's Views Essay. Ames would disagree with what I suggest. However, if we consider the law of contract, we find it full of history. The distinctions between debt, covenant, and maynard, assumpsit are merely historical. On Bluetronics. The classification of certain obligations to pay money, imposed by the law irrespective of any bargain as quasi contracts, is merely historical. The doctrine of consideration is merely historical. The effect given to maynard a seal is to Animal Hoarding examples be explained by keynes history alone. Necklacing. Consideration is a mere form.
Is it a useful form? If so, why should it not be required in maynard, all contracts? A seal is a mere form, and natural force, is vanishing in the scroll and in enactments that a consideration must be given, seal or no seal. Why should any merely historical distinction be allowed to affect the rights and obligations of business men? Since I wrote this discourse I have come on a very good example of the way in maynard keynes, which tradition not only overrides rational policy, but overrides it after first having been misunderstood and having been given a new and broader scope than it had when it had a meaning. The Need For A Healthy Lifestyle Essay. It is the settled law of maynard keynes, England that a material alteration of a written contract by a party avoids it as against him. The doctrine is contrary to the general tendency of the law. We do not tell a jury that if a man ever has lied in one particular he is to be presumed to lie in all.
Even if a man has tried to defraud, it seems no sufficient reason for preventing him from proving the truth. Objections of like nature in general go to the weight, not to the admissibility, of evidence. Moreover, this rule is irrespective of fraud, and is not confined to necklacing kevin evidence. It is not merely that you cannot use the writing, but that the contract is at an end. What does this mean? The existence of a written contract depends on the fact that the offerer and offeree have interchanged their written expressions, not on the continued existence of those expressions. But in the case of keynes, a bond, the primitive notion was different. The contract was inseparable from the parchment. If a stranger destroyed it, or tore off the seal, or altered it, the obligee could not recover, however free from fault, because the defendant's contract, that is, the actual tangible bond which he had sealed, could not be produced in the form in which it bound him.
About a hundred years ago Lord Kenyon undertook to use his reason on the tradition, as he sometimes did to the detriment of the law, and, not understanding it, said he could see no reason why what was true of a bond should not be true of other contracts. His decision happened to be right, as it concerned a promissory note, where again the common law regarded the contract as inseparable from the paper on which it was written, but the kevin, reasoning was general, and soon was extended to other written contracts, and various absurd and unreal grounds of policy were invented to account for the enlarged rule. I trust that no one will understand me to be speaking with disrespect of the law, because I criticise it so freely. I venerate the law, and especially our system of law, as one of the vastest products of the human mind. No one knows better than I do the countless number of great intellects that have spent themselves in making some addition or improvement, the keynes, greatest of which is trifling when compared with the necklacing carter, mighty whole. It has the final title to respect that it exists, that it is not a Hegelian dream, but a part of the lives of men.
But one may criticise even what one reveres. Law is the business to which my life is devoted, and I should show less than devotion if I did not do what in me lies to keynes improve it, and, when I perceive what seems to me the ideal of its future, if I hesitated to point it out and to Essay press toward it with all my heart. Perhaps I have said enough to show the part which the study of history necessarily plays in the intelligent study of the law as it is maynard today. In the teaching of this school and at Cambridge it is in no danger of being undervalued. Mr. Bigelow here and Mr. Ames and Mr. Thayer there have made important contributions which will not be forgotten, and in England the recent history of early English law by Sir Frederick Pollock and Mr. Maitland has lent the subject an almost deceptive charm. We must beware of the natural force, pitfall of antiquarianism, and must remember that for our purposes our only keynes, interest in the past is for the light it throws upon the present. I look forward to a time when the Autism Other, part played by history in the explanation of dogma shall be very small, and instead of ingenious research we shall spend our energy on a study of the ends sought to maynard be attained and the reasons for desiring them.
As a step toward that ideal it seems to me that every lawyer ought to seek an understanding of economics. The present divorce between the schools of political economy and law seems to me an natural force evidence of how much progress in maynard, philosophical study still remains to be made. In the present state of political economy, indeed, we come again upon history on a larger scale, but there we are called on to consider and weigh the ends of legislation, the means of attaining them, and the cost. We learn that for everything we have we give up something else, and we are taught to set the advantage we gain against the other advantage we lose, and to know what we are doing when we elect. There is another study which sometimes is Animal Hoarding Essay undervalued by the practical minded, for which I wish to say a good word, although I think a good deal of pretty poor stuff goes under that name. I mean the study of what is called jurisprudence. Jurisprudence, as I look at it, is simply law in its most generalized part. Keynes. Every effort to reduce a case to a rule is an effort of jurisprudence, although the name as used in English is Animal Hoarding examples confined to the broadest rules and most fundamental conceptions. One mark of a great lawyer is that he sees the application of the broadest rules.
There is a story of a Vermont justice of the keynes, peace before whom a suit was brought by one farmer against another for breaking a churn. The justice took time to consider, and natural force, then said that he has looked through the statutes and could find nothing about churns, and gave judgment for the defendant. The same state of mind is shown in all our common digests and textbooks. Applications of rudimentary rules of contract or tort are tucked away under the head of Railroads or Telegraphs or go to swell treatises on historical subdivisions, such as Shipping or Equity, or are gathered under an arbitrary title which is thought likely to appeal to the practical mind, such as Mercantile Law. Keynes. If a man goes into law it pays to be a master of it, and to be a master of it means to look straight through all the dramatic incidents and to discern the true basis for prophecy.
Therefore, it is well to natural force have an accurate notion of maynard, what you mean by law, by Childhood The Need For a Lifestyle Essay a right, by a duty, by malice, intent, and maynard keynes, negligence, by ownership, by possession, and so forth. I have in my mind cases in which the highest courts seem to me to have floundered because they had no clear ideas on some of these themes. I have illustrated their importance already. If a further illustration is natural force wished, it may be found by reading the Appendix to Sir James Stephen's Criminal Law on the subject of possession, and then turning to Pollock and Wright's enlightened book. Sir James Stephen is not the only writer whose attempts to analyze legal ideas have been confused by striving for keynes, a useless quintessence of all systems, instead of an accurate anatomy of one. The trouble with Austin was that he did not know enough English law. But still it is Thomas on Revolution Essay a practical advantage to master Austin, and his predecessors, Hobbes and keynes, Bentham, and natural force, his worthy successors, Holland and Pollock. Sir Frederick Pollock's recent little book is touched with the felicity which marks all his works, and is wholly free from the perverting influence of Roman models.
The advice of the elders to young men is very apt to be as unreal as a list of the hundred best books. Maynard Keynes. At least in my day I had my share of such counsels, and high among the Childhood Obesity: Healthy, unrealities I place the recommendation to study the keynes, Roman law. I assume that such advice means more than collecting a few Latin maxims with which to ornament the discourse #151; the purpose for which Lord Coke recommended Bracton. If that is all that is wanted, the Childhood Obesity: The Need For a Healthy Lifestyle, title De Regulis Juris Antiqui can be read in an hour. I assume that, if it is well to study the maynard, Roman Law, it is well to study it as a working system. That means mastering a set of technicalities more difficult and less understood than our own, and studying another course of history by which even more than our own the Roman law must explained.
If any one doubts me, let him read Keller's Der Romische Civil Process und die Actionen , a treatise on the praetor's edict, Muirhead's most interesting Historical Introduction to the Private Law of Rome , and, to give him the best chance, Sohn's admirable Institutes . No. The way to gain a liberal view of your subject is not to read something else, but to get to the bottom of the subject itself. The means of doing that are, in the first place, to follow the Childhood Obesity: For a Healthy Essay, existing body of dogma into its highest generalizations by the help of jurisprudence; next, to discover from maynard, history how it has come to be what it is; and finally, so far as you can, to consider the ends which the several rules seek to accomplish, the reasons why those ends are desired, what is given up to Views gain them, and whether they are worth the price. We have too little theory in the law rather than too much, especially on this final branch of study. When I was speaking of history, I mentioned larceny as an example to maynard show how the Jefferson's on Revolution, law suffered from not having embodied in a clear form a rule which will accomplish its manifest purpose. Keynes. In that case the trouble was due to the survival of forms coming from a time when a more limited purpose was entertained. Let me now give an example to Essay on Bluetronics show the practical importance, for the decision of actual cases, of understanding the reasons of the law, by taking an example from rules which, so far as I know, never have been explained or theorized about in keynes, any adequate way. I refer to on Revolution statutes of limitation and the law of keynes, prescription.
The end of such rules is obvious, but what is the justification for depriving a man of his rights, a pure evil as far as it goes, in Essay, consequence of the maynard keynes, lapse of time? Sometimes the loss of evidence is referred to, but that is a secondary matter. Sometimes the desirability of peace, but why is peace more desirable after twenty years than before? It is increasingly likely to come without the aid of legislation. Sometimes it is said that, if a man neglects to Thomas Views Essay enforce his rights, he cannot complain if, after a while, the law follows his example.
Now if this is all that can be said about it, you probably will decide a case I am going to put, for maynard, the plaintiff; if you take the view which I shall suggest, you possibly will decide it for the defendant. A man is sued for trespass upon land, and justifies under a right of kevin carter, way. He proves that he has used the way openly and adversely for twenty years, but it turns out that the plaintiff had granted a license to a person whom he reasonably supposed to be the defendant's agent, although not so in fact, and keynes, therefore had assumed that the use of the way was permissive, in which case no right would be gained. Has the Obesity: For a, defendant gained a right or not? If his gaining it stands on the fault and neglect of the landowner in the ordinary sense, as seems commonly to be supposed, there has been no such neglect, and the right of way has not been acquired.
But if I were the defendant's counsel, I should suggest that the foundation of the acquisition of rights by maynard lapse of time is to be looked for in the position of the Hoarding Essay examples, person who gains them, not in that of the loser. Maynard. Sir Henry Maine has made it fashionable to connect the archaic notion of necklacing kevin carter, property with prescription. But the connection is further back than the first recorded history. It is in the nature of man's mind. A thing which you have enjoyed and used as your own for a long time, whether property or an maynard opinion, takes root in Essay Simulation, your being and cannot be torn away without your resenting the act and trying to maynard defend yourself, however you came by it. The law can ask no better justification than the deepest instincts of man. It is only by way of reply to the suggestion that you are disappointing the former owner, that you refer to his neglect having allowed the gradual dissociation between himself and what he claims, and the gradual association of it with another.
If he knows that another is doing acts which on their face show that he is on the way toward establishing such an association, I should argue that in justice to that other he was bound at his peril to find out whether the other was acting under his permission, to see that he was warned, and, if necessary, stopped. I have been speaking about the study of the law, and I have said next to nothing about what commonly is talked about in that connection #151; textbooks and the case system, and all the machinery with which a student comes most immediately in contact. Nor shall I say anything about them. Theory is my subject, not practical details. The modes of teaching have been improved since my time, no doubt, but ability and industry will master the raw material with any mode. Natural Force. Theory is the keynes, most important part of the dogma of the law, as the architect is the most important man who takes part in the building of a house. The most important improvements of the last twenty-five years are improvements in theory. It is not to be feared as unpractical, for, to with Autism Essay the competent, it simply means going to the bottom of the subject. For the maynard, incompetent, it sometimes is true, as has been said, that an interest in general ideas means an absence of particular knowledge. I remember in army days reading of a youth who, being examined for the lowest grade and being asked a question about squadron drill, answered that he never had considered the evolutions of less than ten thousand men.
But the natural force, weak and foolish must be left to their folly. The danger is that the able and practical minded should look with indifference or distrust upon ideas the connection of keynes, which with their business is remote. I heard a story, the other day, of a man who had a valet to whom he paid high wages, subject to Animal examples deduction for faults. One of his deductions was, For lack of imagination, five dollars. The lack is not confined to valets. The object of ambition, power, generally presents itself nowadays in the form of money alone. Money is the most immediate form, and is a proper object of desire. The fortune, said Rachel, is the measure of intelligence. That is a good text to keynes waken people out of a fool's paradise. But, as Hegel says, It is in the end not the appetite, but the Views Essay, opinion, which has to be satisfied. To an maynard keynes imagination of any scope the of Children with Autism, most far-reaching form of maynard, power is not money, it is the command of ideas.
If you want great examples, read Mr. Leslie Stephen's History of of Children Autism Other, English Thought in keynes, the Eighteenth Century , and see how a hundred years after his death the natural force, abstract speculations of Descartes had become a practical force controlling the conduct of men. Read the works of the great German jurists, and see how much more the world is governed today by Kant than by Bonaparte. We cannot all be Descartes or Kant, but we all want happiness. And happiness, I am sure from having known many successful men, cannot be won simply by being counsel for great corporations and having an income of fifty thousand dollars. Maynard Keynes. An intellect great enough to win the prize needs other food besides success.
The remoter and necklacing kevin, more general aspects of the law are those which give it universal interest. It is through them that you not only become a great master in maynard, your calling, but connect your subject with the universe and catch an echo of the infinite, a glimpse of its unfathomable process, a hint of the universal law.
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Famous Last Words of keynes, a Resume: References Available upon Request. How Many Pages Should My Resume Be and 12 Principles Behind That - 18. December 2014. 24 Crucial Tips for Work Experience Resume Section - 3. Natural Force? February 2015. Maynard Keynes? Famous Last Words of Obesity: Healthy Lifestyle, a Resume: References Available upon Request - 2. Maynard Keynes? March 2015. You invested so much time into crafting your resume and it’s nearly done.
There’s an inch of white space at the end of that glorious manifestation of your literary and Thomas on Revolution formatting talents. Your education and achievements are lined up for maynard, the keen eye of a recruiter. If only you could find that last marvelous touch to fill the page and click save. And then, in the moment of Thomas on Revolution Essay, ultimate inspiration, a burst of creativity flies through your head and you suddenly realize! Eureka! Yes, the only thing that belongs there is the famous sentence: References available upon request. Very smart! You’re congratulating yourself on maynard keynes the bright idea while you’re typing these four words. You killed two flies with one hit.
The page is filled and the recruiter will now know that you’ve got someone who can recommend you. Done! Click Save. What a spectacular way to finish your resume! Or is it?
Read further and find out for yourself. Should You Include Your References in a Resume? I hope you recognized sarcasm in previous paragraphs. Now, let’s get to Animal Essay examples, the core of the keynes issue. No, you should not include references in your resume except in some specific cases. Essay On Bluetronics? We’ll get to that later, but now I want to explain why you shouldn’t name your references in the first place: Privacy – As a jobseeker, you’re never going to put all your eggs in one basket, meaning it’s almost certain that you’re going to maynard, send your resume to multiple companies in search of Views, a perfect job. Now, imagine that you’re supposed to give reference to someone. Would you like your contact details to maynard keynes, circulate through hundreds of emails, job boards, HR departments etc? Of course not.
Well, persons you chose to give you references share the same feeling. If someone is kind enough to recommend you to your future employer, don’t misuse their trust. Plus, some recruiters could choose to natural force, call or email contacts on maynard keynes a reference list even before they conducted an interview with you. That’s a burden that persons who want to help you are not supposed to carry. Also, have in Childhood Healthy Essay, mind that there are frauds designed as job postings and made with just one purpose – to collect various contact details. Protect your references from this kind of deception.
Being in control – When you provide references on your resume, you have no control over the time they’re going to be contacted. If you collected your references a couple of months ago and they are called from your future employer without prior notice from you, they can be surprised and won’t provide recommendation with a level of quality you expected from them. Keynes? This can be fatal to your job application. References could take your job – Imagine you’re a recruiter. You’re looking for candidates for a position of a retail manager. You receive a resume of a retail supervisor with a reference from his retail manager. Natural Force? Which one would you recruit?
Manager, of course. The naive supervisor applicant will never know that the recruiter even called his manager, until it’s too late. Maynard Keynes? Do not let your references take your job. Waste of resume real estate – Resume real estate is of Children or Any Other a precious belonging. It’s yours to do with it whatever you want, but you’re supposed to use it in a most efficient manner.
That means that your references don’t belong there. Use that space to present your achievements, skills and expertise. As you can see, there’s a lot of good reasons why not to include references in your resume. However, there are a few cases when it is actually appropriate: Stated on a job posting – When the job posting explicitly requests your references to be stated in maynard keynes, your resume be sure to include them or you may be disqualified from the further process. However, this is a fairly rare situation and request from an employer. Famous reference – When your reference is from someone well known in the industry or in the company you’re applying to, you may freely include it in your resume. For example, imagine the weight of your resume for Childhood, the position in keynes, Microsoft if you could include a reference from Bill Gates. Testimonials – In some cases you need to include testimonials in your resume in order to give additional emphasis to some point (for example, testimonial which speaks positively about your performances from your supervisor in the company you were fired from). Jefferson's Views? In this case, write contact details of a reference directly next to keynes, the testimony. Don’t forget to ask your reference for permission to do so.
When to kevin carter, Submit References to Employer? If not in the resume, when should you hand over your references to maynard, employer? This is Animal Hoarding Essay examples a no brainer, since you just have to follow instructions of your future employer. If they say to include references in maynard, your job application, then do so. If they don’t mention it, you don’t mention it either. Hopefully, down the hiring process someone will ask you to provide references. That’s the time to give them to Childhood Obesity: The Need Healthy, your employer.
Usually, the keynes fact that the employer asks for your references is a good sign. That’s because references are usually asked from the candidates that are shortlisted. This means that you’ll most probably need your references ready for Essay on Bluetronics, the later interview circles. However, when the employer asks for maynard, them, be sure to have them on a separate document (called References List). Generally speaking, there are three types of references: Professional – This is the most valuable type of references since they can discuss your work performance, skills and work ethics. These being issues that your future employer is most concerned with.
You can select former managers, co-workers, HR managers, contacts from Animal Hoarding Essay, industry associations, internship supervisors. Practically, anybody who can talk about your work behavior and is familiar with your accomplishments. Now, there is couple of important guidelines: While it is good to have high positioned references, it’s crucial that they are familiar with your work. CEO of maynard keynes, a multinational company is a good reference only if he knows your past performances. If he can barely remember your name, there’s little benefit from him being your reference as he’s not going to be able to answer specific questions recruiters are going to ask. Have in mind that recruiters understand if you don’t want to list people from your current company due to discretion of your job hunt. In the natural force end, know that professional references from a completely different industry than the one you’re applying for are not the best choice.
Use them only if you must. Maynard Keynes? Educational – This is a class B reference for Childhood For a Healthy, experienced professionals. The simple reason is maynard keynes that recruiters are more interested in your ten year work experience than in the four years of your education which happened fifteen years ago. A completely different situation applies to graduates and under-graduates. They should list teachers, professors, deans. Anybody who can testify to their academic behavior is a valuable reference since their educational history probably carries the necklacing carter greatest weight on their resume. Personal – This is a type of reference that bears little importance in maynard, recruiter’s eyes. Necklacing Carter? That’s because of a heavy bias usually connected with these references.
Bias is imminent due to the personal relationship of a reference with the keynes candidate. Thomas Views On Revolution Essay? Include your friends, relatives, parents, priests etc. only if they are the only choice for you. Even these references are better than having none, but know that they are often neglected by the recruiter. First of all, always have in mind that your references are doing a big favor to you, so act accordingly. Do not do anything that could put them in an uncomfortable situation. There is a couple of things that you’re supposed to do to ensure that: Ask them for permission – First thing you need to do when you choose your references is to ask them if they’re comfortable with that.
Be tactic in this conversation. You’ve got to feel the keynes pulse of your references and to be absolutely sure they’re going to Jefferson's, say only stellar things about you. We’ll talk about maynard keynes, that later in a dedicated chapter but that’s not the only reason why you need to contact them prior to kevin carter, naming them on your reference list. Imagine someone put you as their reference and hasn’t informed you about that. You receive a call from a recruiter, completely surprised, and even with best intentions, you won’t be able to maynard keynes, manage the conversation in a best way possible for the person you’re recommending. So, don’t let your references be surprised with the natural force call from a recruiter. Send them your resume and maynard job posting – No matter how close you were with your managers, co-workers or subordinates, after a couple of years their image of on Revolution Essay, you starts to maynard, fade in their memory. Misuse Of Children With Dissability? That’s why it’s a good idea to send them your current resume and a job posting you’re applying for. That way you can funnel which of your characteristics they are going to put an emphasis on. You can stress out your different attributes to different references and you’ll note which reference can testify on maynard which attribute or performance on your reference list. Ask them how they want to be contacted – Different people have different habits and preferences.
The same is with references. Someone would like to be contacted via phone, someone via email etc. Make sure to note the preferred way of Misuse of Children Autism Dissability Essay, contact for every reference on your list so a recruiter can use the right contact. Maynard? Refresh your relationship – Every couple of weeks give a call to your reference in Jefferson's, order to update them on your job hunt. Also, if you give a reference list to an employer in an interview, be sure to call all of your references to warn them that they could expect a call. That way you’ll accomplish three goals: your references won’t be caught off guard, you’ll know if some of your references are not available at the moment (trip abroad, sickness etc) and you’ll be sure that contacts of maynard, your references remained the Simulation same.
Since we now know that references shouldn’t be included in maynard keynes, resume except in specific circumstances, let’s see how to present them to Animal, your future employer. The most appropriate way is to create a reference list, a separate document which will list all your references. Here are some tips how to format your reference list for maximum impact: References list should follow the formatting of a resume – It means you should use the same fonts, same margins, same style of headers, same paper, same bullets you used on your resume. Maynard? This consistency helps a lot with the brand of yourself you’re trying to present to the employer. Order of references – Be sure to put your best references first. Those are people which will certainly speak about you in superlatives and Misuse of Children with Autism Other are relevant to the job you’re seeking.
You can’t leave a first impression twice and that’s why it is important that recruiter calls your strongest references first. If you have to include educational and personal references, list them in that order, respectively, after professional references. Heading and title – Use the same heading as you used in your resume. Maynard? Just under the heading write a simple title of Thomas Jefferson's Essay, a document. Write simply “Reference list”. References details – Write full name of a reference in maynard, bold.
Below put the company your reference is kevin carter working for and his position there. Under that write all contact details your reference agreed on keynes sharing with your employer. Make sure that the preferred way of contact is Hoarding Essay examples listed first with the note about that. Keynes? Write a brief explanation of your relationship with your reference. In the end, make note of which statements from your resume the reference can testify about and how many years do you know your reference. Hoarding Essay Examples? Repeat this consistently for keynes, all references. White space – Be sure to leave a lot of white space on your reference list. Necklacing Kevin Carter? A recruiter is most probably going to write down impressions from the call to a reference directly in keynes, the reference list. Make his life easier, it’s in natural force, your best interest. Here’s an example of properly formatted references list. Feel free to use it for your needs.
Be Sure Your References are Favorable to maynard, You. You are supposed to with Autism or Any Essay, use a reference who will talk absolutely positively about you. Knowing that, it’s very surprising how many people take this task lightly. In a study conducted by Harris Interactive more than 50% of references were less than favorable for the candidates. Also, around two thirds of employers changed their generally positive opinion on maynard keynes a candidate after a talk with references.
Do not allow yourself to become negative statistics! Be sure to check with your references what opinion on you they’ll share with your future employer. If you have a slightest doubt, remove that reference from the list. That’s because the harm you can suffer from one bad reference is not worth a risk of just having one more opinion about you. If you simply cannot resist including some super important individual into your reference list and you’re not 100% sure his opinion will be a very positive, I suggest you use a reference checker company. They will check the opinion of your reference and present you a full report about it. You can use a friend for this purpose, also. Other General Notes and Jefferson's Views Advice on maynard References. There is just a couple of things more that you should know about presenting your references to an employer.
Let’s list them here: “References available upon request” – In today’s job market it’s an absolute must to have references. That’s why this sentence is a fluff and Obesity: For a Lifestyle Essay filler. Furthermore, it wastes precious resume real estate. Keynes? Because of this, recruiters are very sensitive to this sentence. DO NOT USE IT. EVER. Childhood Lifestyle? IN ANY CIRCUMSTANCE.
How many references to include? – General rule is to include 3-5 references. Maynard? Think of 3 as an absolute minimum, but don’t get carried away and provide more than 6. Pool of references – You know how you are supposed to tailor your resume for every new job application? To customize it? Well, the natural force same goes with references. Maynard? The advice is always to have more references in your pool (10-12) than you need for Thomas Essay, a single job application and to maynard, use the Essay examples most appropriate for maynard keynes, a given position. Follow up on Views on Revolution Essay your references – After the hiring process is over, no matter the outcome, be sure to call your references to maynard, thank them. A small gift or a promise to return a similar favor is Essay appropriate. If the keynes outcome was negative, be sure to Childhood The Need For a Essay, ask your references what were they asked about and how the call went in general. That will give you precious insight about your references.
Letters of Recommendation – Once used as a main reference method, letters of maynard, recommendation are now very rare. Recruiters generally don’t like to Childhood Obesity: For a Healthy Essay, see these general letters addressed “to whom it may concern”. Simply said, if it’s not explicitly asked for, do not use letters of recommendation. Maynard Keynes? Legal issues – Have in mind that some companies, in Childhood Obesity: Essay, fear of maynard keynes, potential lawsuits, forbid their employers to give references to anybody. The only data allowed to share with a new employer are the Childhood Obesity: The Need dates of employment and position. Maynard Keynes? This could be outsmarted if you ask your reference to give a personal recommendation, not as a previous employer’s representative. When a recruiter calls him, sooner or later he’ll start talking about Thomas on Revolution Essay, your work performances. Be sure to use this tactic only with references in which you’ve got 100% trust since there are so many ways this can go wrong. Questions references are going to be asked – Here’s a short list of the most common questions your references are going to maynard keynes, be asked by recruiters. It will come handy when you coach your references what to say prior to the call from a recruiter: How and for how long do you know the applicant?
Tell me something about the applicant’s skills in (something). Is the applicant a team player? What do you think about the applicant’s managerial skills? What are the applicant’s main strengths and weaknesses? How the Jefferson's Views applicant manages the pressure? Would you call this applicant a good worker? Would you rehire him? If there is just one, single take away from this article then it would be the following: the maynard most important thing with references is Animal examples that they recommend you for your stellar performance and qualifications and you should concentrate on that instead on keynes your relationship with them which is not so important. Also, have in mind that references are in most cases the deciding factor in the last round of interviews.
They can make or break your job application, so be sure to approach them very seriously. Do you have some unexpected experiences with references? Please, share them with us in comments. Good luck with your job hunt! If you liked this post, sign up for Epic CV Newsletter to receive articles like this one right into your inbox . 24 Crucial Tips for Work Experience Resume Section. A Complete Guide to Hobbies in Your Resume: 8 Principles #038; 11 Mistakes. Danger! Danger! Your Resume Summary Makes You Look Boring. For a person with a criminal record reentering the employment market, I suggest they include a professional letter of recommendation. It helps to establish credibility.
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